King Lear Summary

This essay has a total of 1073 words and 4 pages.

King Lear

The Islamic Empires
In early modern history, there were three major Islamic empires that became prominent. The
Ottoman Empire, the Safavid Empire, and the Mughals. We will descuss the Development of
these empires by listing their similarities and differences, and their political, social
and cultural backgrounds. Next, we will get into the three empires reign of power and also
give a discription of some of the great leaders of these empires and their legacy.

All of these Islamic Empires had Turkish ruling dynasties. The Ottomans, Safavids and
Mughals came from nomadic, Turkish-speaking peoples of the central Asia who conquered the
settled agricultural lands of Anatolia, Persia and India. All of these dynasties retained
political and cultural traditions that their ancestors had adopted while leading their
nomadic lives, but, they also adapted readily to the city-based agricultyural societies
that they conquered. All of these empires also embraced Islam and derived its cultural
guidance from Islamic values. Each empire expanded its territory under authority of their
great leaders, such as Mehmed the Conqueror for the Ottomans, Shah Abbas the Great for the
Safavids and the reigh of Aurangzeb of the Muhgal empire. In these empires, the prestige
and authority of the dynasty derived from personal piety and military aptitude of the
ruler and his ancestors.

The Ottoman Empire was founded by Osman Bey, founder of the dynasty that continued in
unbroken succession from 1289 to 1923. the motives of Osman and his followers were to
become ghazi, or Muslim religious warriors. "The Ghazi,(as the poet Ahmadi describes) is
the instrument of religion of Allah, the sword of God, the protector and refuge of the
believers." It was believed that if to have died for the cause of your religion, you
should not believe that the person is dead, but that he will live in beatitude with Allah
and he has eternal life. The Ottomans waged a holy war which enabled them to expand their
territory to the Anatolian city of Bursa, which became the capital of Ottoman
principality. Under the reign of Mehmed the Conqueror, the Ottomans conquered
Constantinople in 1453 and in turn lead to more Ottoman expansion. Mehmed presented
himself as a true emperor and not just a warrior. He was ruler of two lands, Europe and
Asia and two seas, the Black Sea and the Medditeranian and laid down an absolute monarchy
as government. Sulayman the Magnificent also expanded the Ottoman territory under his rule
dramatically by conquering Baghdad and adding the Tigris and Euphrates valleys to the
Ottoman domain.

The Safavid empire was first ruled by Shah Ismail, a 14 year old boy. He gained control of
the empire by entering Tabriz at the head of an army and laying claim to the ancient
Persian imperial title of the shah. The Safavids traced their ancestry back to Safi al
Din, leader of a sufi religious order in northwestern Persia. Shah Ismail also decided for
the religion of the Safavid empire to be Twelver Shiism . Twelver Shiism held that there
had been twelve infallible imams ( or religious leaders) after Muhammad, beginning with
the prophet's cousin and son-in-law Ali. The belief was that the twelfth or "hidden" iman
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