Latin america

This essay has a total of 1285 words and 5 pages.

latin america



Latin America
After world War II until the 1980ís, many Latin American leaders installed
reforms to deal with new demanding issues in their country. These new reforms were
frequently viewed by the United States as alarming due to the recent rise of communism
in the world. Following almost a century of alliance, Americans and Russians
disagreement came to the front line when in 1917 the Communists seized power, and
established the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union would come to declared war on the
capitalist nations of the West. The two countries put all this aside in their mutual hatred
for one another, and fought against Germany during World War II. This alliance would
come to an end between 1944-45, when Joseph Stalin looking to extend Soviet control
used the Soviet army to control much of Eastern Europe. This cold war rivalry, would
soon emerge into a contest to obtain allies. The U.S. foreign policy following World War
II confronted primarily in assisting the countries in Europe. The concentration of aid to
Europe was a immense concern to the countries of Latin America. Latin America
countries wanted the U.S. to stress economic development in the post war era. The U.S.
believed that it needed to promote postwar economic development in Latin America but
was unwilling to make a specific commitment for assistance. As a region Latin America
ranked low on the U.S. priority list; other area were seen as facing more immediate
Soviet threats. The lack of attention by the U.S. to the pressing social. political and
economic problems in Latin America would prove costly to the U.S. The cost would
come in the form of new political views emerging to deal with the problems at hand.
The U.S. would come to pay attention to Latin America, that it was supposed to at the
beginning of the cold war, and take action to stop the spread of communism.
One of the first situations faced by the U.S. was Guatemala, lead by the
soldier, and president of Guatemala, Jacobo (1951-54) whose nationalistic economic and
social reforms singled out groups of conservative landowners, and conservative elements
in the army, and U.S. companies stationed in Guatemala. The son of a Swiss pharmacist
who had emigrated to Guatemala, Arbenz was educated at the National Military
Academy of Guatemala. He later joined a group of leftist army officers that overthrew
the Guatemalan dictator Jorge Ubico in 1944. In March 1951 he succeeded to the
presidency, supported by the army and the left-wing political parties, including the
Guatemalan Communist Party. Arbenz made land reform the central project of his
presidency, this led to a conflict with the largest landowner in the country, the United
Fruit Company. As the land reforms increased, the U.S. Secretary of State John Foster
Dulles, became increasingly alarmed, fearing the threat due to a large American banana
investments. Public view of Arbenz, was that he was a friend of communists. The U.S.,
during the Eisenhower administration, began working in Honduras and El Salvador,
helping to organize a counterrevolutionary army of exiles led by Colonel Carlos Castillo
Armas. On June 18,1954 a force of 150 invaded Guatemala from Honduras, the key to
the invasion was not the exile force, but the regular Guatemalan army. When Arbenz
tried to arm his civilian supporters, the army blocked the move and forced Arbenz to
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