Les Pueples De La Mer Mditerrane Essay

This essay has a total of 1060 words and 5 pages.


Les Pueples De La Mer Mditerrane





Michael Woods brings up an interesting mystery of the ancient world that puzzles learned
people of modern times. Although Wood strongly suggests that the “Sea
Peoples” were a result of mass migrations, recent research has disproved many of the
theories upon which Wood based his opinions. There is evidence to show that the
“Sea Peoples” were not a product of mass migrations.

The Trojan War, much like the “Sea Peoples” remains a mystery. Many theories
have been developed to explain its occurrence. According to Homer’s The Iliad, the
Trojan War was waged over the most beautiful woman in the world, Helen. The accepted
explanation in modern times is the city was pillaged either for its wealth or to put an
end to their control over the Dardanelles. Not much is known about the war, except for
the accounts in The Iliad, which may be fictitious. The war was said to be a ten-year
siege on Troy at the hands of the Achaeans, who eventually became the victors.

Many archaeologists have ventured to the Dardanelles in search of the long-lost city of
Troy, which is believed to be on the site of hissarlik. Heinrich Schliemann was credited
with some of the most contributive discoveries as to the location of the city, yet he was
also guilty of rewriting history to fit those discoveries. He destroyed numerous
artifacts because of his primitive archaeological techniques. Many more archaeologists
followed in his footsteps hoping to be the one to discover Troy. In the series, “In
Search of the Trojan War” Michael Woods attempts to explain many of the mysteries
surrounding Troy.

One of those mysteries, are the “Sea Peoples”. The “Sea Peoples”
were invaders who swept over Asia Minor and Syria near the end of the twelfth century BC.
They destroyed the Hittite Kingdom around this time. The first written record of the
“Sea Peoples” was in the tablets of Ramses III at Medinet Habu. These tablets
were a written chronicle of his war victories.

Most knowledge about the “Sea Peoples” comes from these tablets. The term
“Sea Peoples” was coined by an error according to Christopher Robbins. He
writes that a French scholar named Gaston Maspero shortened the term to “peuples de
la mer” in 1870 from “les peuples de la mer mediterranee”. This phrase
now misleads people to believe that the “Sea Peoples” lived on the sea or on
islands, when in fact all people living near the Mediterranean Sea are referred to as
“Mediterranean”. Robbins states that this mistake was due to Maspero’s
misinterpretation of the inscriptions at Medinet Habu. Maspero concluded that the
“Sea Peoples” were a result of mass migrations (Völkerwanderungen) that came
Continues for 3 more pages >>




  • Causes for american revolution
    causes for american revolution In the aftermath of the French and Indian War, Britain needed a new imperial design, but the situation in America was anything but favorable to change. Long accustomed to a large measure of independence, the colonies were demanding more, not less, freedom, particularly now that the French menace had been eliminated. To put a new system into effect, and to tighten control, Parliament had to contend with colonists trained in self-government and impatient with interfe
  • Rooselvelt
    Rooselvelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States. Roosevelt served longer than any other president. His unprecedented election to four terms in office will probably never be repeated; the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, passed after his death, denies the right of any person to be elected president more than twice. Roosevelt held office during two of the greatest crises ever faced by the United States: the Great De
  • The Transatlantic Slave
    The Transatlantic Slave Transatlantic Slave Trade From the 1520s to the 1860s an estimated 11 to 12 million African men, women, and children were forcibly embarked on European vessels for a life of slavery in the Western Hemisphere. Many more Africans were captured or purchased in the interior of the continent but a large number died before reaching the coast. About 9 to 10 million Africans survived the Atlantic crossing to be purchased by planters and traders in the New World, where they worked
  • None Provided1
    None Provided1 Vision and Movement When we discuss our brain, we usually focus on the brains ability to think. That task alone is extremely complex and involved, but the brain also has many other tasks. Most of the time the brain is on autopilot, meaning that most of the activities preformed are just automatic. Our five senses; sight, sound, touch, taste, and smell, are automatically preformed in our brains. We don\'t have to think about how something sounds, we just hear it and we then interpre
  • Ayasofya
    ayasofya Architecture, the practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers only to those designs and structures that are culturally significant. Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. Vitruvius, a 1st-century BC Roman, wrote encyclopedically about architecture, and the English poet Sir Henry Wotton was quoting him in his charmingly phrased dictum: "Well building hath three conditions: Commoditie, Firmenes, and Delight." More prosaically,
  • Beowulf An epic Hero
    Beowulf An epic Hero “An Epic Hero” The epic poem Beowulf describes the most heroic man of the Anglo-Saxon times. The hero, Beowulf, is a seemingly invincible person with all the extraordinary traits required of a hero. He is able to use his super-human physical strength and courage to put his people before himself. He encounters hideous monsters and the most ferocious of beasts but he never fears the threat of death. His leadership skills are superb and he is even able to boast about all his ac
  • Tinanmen Diary
    Tinanmen Diary Jeremy Richart Tiananmen Diary Book Review Asian Politics 345 Manju Parikh May 18, 1999 Change is the dramatic art of survival. If one is to survive, one needs to adapt to changing needs and desires. The Communist Party in China was started for just that reason. The Chinese wanted a change from what was going on in the country at the time. The student and worker protesters at Tiananmen Square wanted the same goal to be met. They wanted a dialogue to discuss the need for an adaptat
  • Big Oil and Bus Ethics
    Big Oil and Bus Ethics Big Oil in the Arctic It can be argued (convincingly) that humans usage of fossil fuels is responsible for a large part of the worlds pollution problems. The area that I will discuss is the interaction that the big oil companies have had with the environment surrounding their businesses in Alaska. I will not tackle the issue of whether it is right or wrong to extract or use fossil fuels. Instead, I will ignore the larger issue and concentrate on specific issues concernin
  • Split Second
    Split Second Foreign country. Exotic setting. Unfamiliar feelings. All these thoughts crowded my head, as I walk through the doorway to the building. Setting foot in an Italian dance club, although a new place, has the same mood as a club in the U.S. On vacation in Florence, wanting to experience new things, I ventured to a local discothèque, to get a taste of the nightlife. My senses come to life, as I creep across the dance floor observing my surroundings. Sweaty bodies dance to the beat, cons
  • Israel Foreign Policy
    Israel Foreign Policy Israel is located in the Middle East, along the eastern coastline of the Mediterranean Sea, bordered by Lebanon, Syria, Jordan and Egypt. It lies at the junction of three continents: Europe, Asia, and Africa. Long and narrow in shape the country is only 290 miles in length and 85 miles in width at its widest point. Israel is a country of immigrants. Since its creation in 1948, the population has increased seven-fold. Today, its over six million inhabitants represent many di
  • LTCMs Impact on the International Financial System
    LTCMs Impact on the International Financial System LONG TERM CAPITAL MANAGEMENT L.P. – A CASE STUDY Rarely if ever has a single firm had as tremendous an impact on international economics as Long Term Capital Management L. P. (LTCM). This report describes the company itself and its investment strategies, with particular attention paid to its international influence and importance. LTCM’s activities in the financial world ultimately caused a near-collapse in the entire international financial sys
  • All Quiet on the Western Front
    All Quiet on the Western Front Mental abuse is sometimes overlooked, because of the rough physical abuse, but soldiers see a good side of both during wars. Maria Remarque shows the mental part of abuse on the book All Quiet on the Western Front. The narrator discusses all the hard times that went on during World War I, all through the book. Paul Baumer, the narrator, explains it when he and his friends enter the German army, very deeply although he is only eighteen. Baumer tells a story about fi
  • All Quiet on the Western Front1
    All Quiet on the Western Front1 Mental abuse is sometimes overlooked, because of the rough physical abuse, but soldiers see a good side of both during wars. Maria Remarque shows the mental part of abuse on the book All Quiet on the Western Front. The narrator discusses all the hard times that went on during World War I, all through the book. Paul Baumer, the narrator, explains it when he and his friends enter the German army, very deeply although he is only eighteen. Baumer tells a story about f
  • Educatinal views and ideas
    educatinal views and ideas INTRODUCTION Philippines, republic in the western Pacific Ocean, made up of the Philippine Islands and forming in physical geography a part of the Malay Archipelago. Situated about 1210 km (about 750 mi.) east of the coast of Vietnam, the Philippines is separated from Taiwan on the north by the Bashi Channel. The republic is bounded on the east by the Philippine Sea, on the south by the Celebes Sea, and on the west by the South China Sea. The country comprises about 71
  • Beowulf heroism
    beowulf heroism The epic poem Beowulf describes the most heroic man of the Anglo-Saxon times. The hero, Beowulf, is a seemingly invincible person with all the extraordinary traits required of a hero. He is able to use his super-human physical strength and courage to put his people before himself. He encounters hideous monsters and the most ferocious of beasts but he never fears the threat of death. His leadership skills are superb and he is even able to boast about all his achievements. Beowulf
  • Beowulf3
    Beowulf3 Beowulf The epic poem Beowulf describes the most heroic man of the Anglo-Saxon times. The hero, Beowulf, is a seemingly invincible person with all the extraordinary traits required of a hero. He is able to use his super-human physical strength and courage to put his people before himself. He encounters hideous monsters and the most ferocious of beasts but he never fears the threat of death. His leadership skills are superb and he is even able to boast about all his achievements. Beowulf
  • Beowulf3
    Beowulf3 Beowulf The epic poem Beowulf describes the most heroic man of the Anglo-Saxon times. The hero, Beowulf, is a seemingly invincible person with all the extraordinary traits required of a hero. He is able to use his super-human physical strength and courage to put his people before himself. He encounters hideous monsters and the most ferocious of beasts but he never fears the threat of death. His leadership skills are superb and he is even able to boast about all his achievements. Beowulf
  • Beowulf5
    Beowulf5 Beowulf Both Shild Shaving and Beowulf were highly honored during their lives. Both were brave warriors, victorious in many Battles. Shild conquered many people, and many lands. For example, “…How Shild made slaves of soldiers from every Land, crowds of captives he’d beaten into terror…” He also became the king of the Danes. He was highly honored, and became very rich in his lifetime. Just as Beowulf had become one of the most famous men during life due to his defeat of Grendel, and Gre
  • Eskimos
    eskimos peoples of Alaska and their Eskimo Culture Alaska is still the last frontier in the minds of many Americans. Interest in the "Great Land" has increased sharply since Alaska The Native became a full fledged state in January o f 1959. In spite of this great interest, many Americans know very little of the Eskimos, Indians and Aleuts (Al-ee-oots) who live in the remote regions. At the time Alaska was discovered in 1741 by Vitus Bering, Alaska Natives populated all parts of Alaska including
  • The Life of Winston Churchill
    The Life of Winston Churchill Winston Churchill, born on Nov. 30, 1874, at Blenheim Palace, the famous palace near Oxford built by the nation for John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, the great soldier. Blenheim, named after Marlborough\'s grandest victory (1704), meant much to Winston Churchill. In the grounds there he became engaged to his future wife, Clementine Ogilvy Hozier (b. 1885). He later wrote his historical masterpiece, The Life and Times of John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, wi
  • Greenpeace ships
    greenpeace ships Greenpeace began on the sea. It earned its first fame by sailing into the US atomic test site in the North Pacific and through the fights to save the seals and the whales. The sea -- with its vast expanses and murky depths, home of leviathan, burial ground for atomic reactors and toxic wastes, its very immensity a cloak for the un scrupulous, belonging to everyone but no one, and so to be seized and used at the will of the mighty -- the deep sea and its inhabitants have no neigh
  • The environment
    the environment - The Environment The impact of people on their environment can be devastating. This is where the respective role of governments can make decisions that shape environmental policy and responsibilities. These governments can be broken up into four different levels: local, state, federal and international. Air quality and biodiversity are two current issues that can be related to the role of governments. Global warming is also another implication that has a devastating effect on th
  • CITIES OF EUROPE
    CITIES OF EUROPE Provence By Raquel Mendoza Provence has been called a bridge between the past and the present, where yesterday blends with today. This beautiful place lies in the southern part of France, and is bordered on the east by Italy , on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the west by the Rhone River. The area abounds with flower fields, vineyards, orchards, and olive and mulberry groves. Along the seacoast is the French Rivera and the Ports of Marseille and Toulon. Provence has
  • Dachau
    Dachau January 30, 1933. A black cloud began to form over Germany as Adolph Hitler became chancellor. Exactly one month later the Legal Bulletin of the Reich No. 17 stated that articles 114, 115, 117, 118, 123, 124 and 153 were no longer valid. Freedom of speech, freedom of the press and the right to assemble were now restricted. Weeks went by and these articles were still not reinstated. Little did the citizens of Germany know that these articles would not be reinstated for years (Whissen 27-38
  • CITIES IN EUROPE
    CITIES IN EUROPE Provence By Raquel Mendoza Provence has been called a bridge between the past and the present, where yesterday blends with today. This beautiful place lies in the southern part of France, and is bordered on the east by Italy , on the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and on the west by the Rhone River. The area abounds with flower fields, vineyards, orchards, and olive and mulberry groves. Along the seacoast is the French Rivera and the Ports of Marseille and Toulon. Provence has
  • El Salvador
    El Salvador Kelly Pire 2/15/01 World Geography report El Salvador Here are historical facts on El Salvador. The history of El Salvador revolves around land. It is the smallest country in Central America. Agriculture defined the economic life of the country well before the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in the early 1500s. The unequal distribution of land in El Salvador can be traced directly to the Spanish colonial system, under which land title was invested in the crown. The individuals t
  • Indonesia
    Indonesia Indonesia This report will be on the History in Brief of Indonesia, the Government of Indonesia, the island of Java, and the Geography of Indonesia. In early days, the region from India to Japan, including Indonesia, was known to the Europeans as the Indies. Chris Columbus was looking for a westward sea root from Europe to the Indies, when he arrived in America. During 1600s the Dutch political control began to spread Indonesia. Indonesia declared it\'s independence in 1945 and fought
  • Rocky Mountains or Rockies
    Rocky Mountains or Rockies Rocky Mountains or Rockies, great chain of rugged mountain ranges in western North America, extending from central New Mexico to northeastern British Columbia, a distance of about 3220 km (about 2000 mi). The Great Basin and the Rocky Mountain Trench, a valley running from northwestern Montana to northern British Columbia, border the Rockies on the east by the Great Plains and on the west. The Rocky Mountains form part of the Great, or Continental, Divide, which separa
  • Rocky Mountains or Rockies1
    Rocky Mountains or Rockies1 Rocky Mountains or Rockies, great chain of rugged mountain ranges in western North America, extending from central New Mexico to northeastern British Columbia, a distance of about 3220 km (about 2000 mi). The Rockies are bordered on the east by the Great Plains and on the west by the Great Basin and the Rocky Mountain Trench, a valley running from northwestern Montana to northern British Columbia. The Rocky Mountains form part of the Great, or Continental, Divide, whi
  • South Africa
    South Africa South Africa South Africa is the southernmost part of the continent of Africa. It is one of the earth\'s oldest and stable landmasses. This is why there are no folded mountain ranges. The only mountain ranges that are similar to that kind of range, would be those in the southern tip. This is where the north-south ranges meet an east-west range in the Paarl area. The rest of the country has been slightly pitted so that interior lakes like the Okovango Delta have no outlet to the sea.
  • Argentinas Dirty War
    Argentinas Dirty War Argentina\'s Dirty War Between 1976 and 1983, under military rule, thousands of people in Argentina were arrested and then vanished without a trace. This campaign became known to Argentina and abroad as the "Dirty War". Seized by force against their will, the victims no longer existed as citizens. Nobody knew who exactly were responsible for their abductions or even why they had been abducted. Under a policy called the "Process of National Reorganization", successive juntas
  • Aztecs1
    Aztecs1 The Aztec Empire was a Native American state that ruled much of what is now Mexico from about 1427 until 1521, when the empire was conquered by the Spaniards. The empire represented the highest point in the development of the rich Aztec civilization that had begun more than a century earlier. At the height of their power, the Aztec controlled a region stretching from the Valley of Mexico in central Mexico east to the Gulf of Mexico and south to Guatemala. The Aztec built great cities and
  • Blitzkrieg
    blitzkrieg The First Phase: Dominance of the Axis Man for man, the German and Polish forces were an even match. Hitler committed about 1.5 million troops, and the Polish commander, Marshal Edward Smigly-Rydz, expected to muster 1.8 million. That was not the whole picture, however. The Germans had six panzer (armored) and four motorized divisions; the Poles had one armored and one motorized brigade and a few tank battalions. The Germans\' 1600 aircraft were mostly of the latest types. Half of the
  • Caligula1
    Caligula1 As most of the emperors of ancient Rome were given different names then the names they had at birth Caligula was no different. Caligula\'s real name was Gaius Caesar Augustus Germanicus and he was born at Antium, 25 miles from Rome, in 12 AD Gaius was a turning point in the history of the Principate, but he also was the one emperor from the Julio-Claudian dynasty who was very poorly documented. (Bibliography # 2). Gaius was born on August 31, 12 AD to Germanicus; Augustus\' adopted gra
  • Catherine II
    Catherine II Catherine II Catherine II, or Catherine the Great, empress of all Russia, did much to continue the process of Westernization reforms began by Peter the Great. Catherine was devoted to art, literature, science, and politics. Many people say she had a great gift and was a great leader, thus she was awarded with the name “the Great” She helped develop schools, hospitals, and many other organizations for the country. She was a shrewd leader and autocrat and helped to continue and furthe
  • Churchill
    Churchill SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL, (1874-1965), British leader. English on his father\'s side, American on his mother\'s, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill embodied and expressed the double vitality and the national qualities of both peoples. His names testify to the richness of his historic inheritance: Winston, after the Royalist family with whom the Churchills married before the English Civil War; Leonard, after his remarkable grandfather, Leonard Jerome of New York; Spencer, the married na
  • Death of a Titan
    Death of a Titan After years of construction and work, the Titanic was finally ready for her maiden voyage. The beginning of her voyage was to take place on the morning of April 10, of 1912 at approximately 10:00am. The firs of Titanic passengers began to board the ship. Most of these passengers were British residents who had journeyed to Titanic by means of transportation either that a boat train. The real precipitance came when the boat train arrived. People rich or poor were scattered all ave
  • Early Civilizations1
    Early Civilizations1 EARLY CIVILIZATIONS AND THE DAWN OF THE MEDIEVAL AGE 1.0 Introduction History is an account of mans achievements during the last five thousand years. Though man has been on this planet for about 500,000 years, history only covers a part of this period. The reason for this is that history is essentially based on written documents However the art of writing become known to man, only after 3000 B. C. 1.1 History : Meaning and Importance The word history is derived from the G
  • Early History of the Celts
    Early History of the Celts INTRODUCTION The Ancient Celts were not an illiterate people, but they transferred their knowledge orally. They had an alphabet of twenty letters called Ogham. Each letter was named after a tree from the land where they lived. Ogham was used on standing stones, primarily on graves and boundary markers. The primary sources of information about the Celts are, in that light, the texts written by the Romans who were in touch with them and Christian monks, who lived in Iris
  • General William Sherman
    General William Sherman William Tecumseh Sherman was born on May 8, 1820 in Lancaster, Ohio. He received his education at the United States Military Academy and then eventually became a Union General in the U.S. civil war. Sherman declared his resignation from the army in 1853 and became a banking firm in San Francisco. He became the president of the Military college in Louisiana (currently LSU) from 1859-1861. Sherman offered his services at the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861 and was placed
  • Greek Civilization
    Greek Civilization OUTLINE: I. INTRODUCTION - Brief statements on; A. The Minoan’s B. The Mycenaean’s C. The Spartan’s D. The Athenian’s II. BRONZE AGE A. The Aegean World B. The Tools of the Bronze Age III. MINOAN’S A. Civilization on Crete B. Minoan Society C. Minoan Palaces D. The Knossos E. Linear A, Linear B tablets F. The Minoan Caves IV. MYCENAEAN’s A. Decline of the Minoan Civilization B. The War-like Mycenaean’s C. Linear B tablets D. Fall of Mycenaean Civilization V. ATHENS A. Athenian
  • HOW THE WEST WAS WON
    HOW THE WEST WAS WON World War II came without warning or invitation for the people of the South Pacific and brought issues that few understood. The war became a period of excitement, hardship, and at the same time, of material abundance. Their islands, the place they called their homes, were abruptly exposed and used as never before to new outside influences and by uninvited guests. "Their harbours were used by fleets of warships, while onshore bases were built to house troops, and landing fiel
  • Nazism
    Nazism NAZISM The National Socialist German Workers’ Party almost died one morning in 1919. It numbered only a few dozen grumblers’ it had no organization and no political ideas. But many among the middle class admired the Nazis’ muscular opposition to the Social Democrats. And the Nazis themes of patriotism and militarism drew highly emotional responses from people who could not forget Germany’s prewar imperial grandeur. In the national elections of September 1930, the Nazis garnered nearly 6.5
  • Remembering the Holocaust
    Remembering the Holocaust Remembering the Holocaust Six million Jews and millions of others, including Gypsies, Slavs, homosexuals, the mentally ill and the infirm were murdered by the Nazis between 1933 and 1945. The magnitude of brutality, the remorseless cruelty, and the mass murder during the Holocaust are unique. However the root causes of the Holocaust continue. Racial hatred, economic crises, human psychological and moral flaws are still ominously common. Saying this, we must have the cou
  • Roman empire
    roman empire The Romans have had almost every type of government there is. They\'ve had a kingdom, a republic, a dictatorship, and an empire. Their democracy would be the basis for most modern democracies. The people have always been involved with and loved their government, no matter what kind it was. They loved being involved in the government, and making decisions concerning everyone. In general, the Romans were very power-hungry. This might be explained by the myth that they are descended fr
  • Roman Govt
    Roman Govt The Romans have had almost every type of government there is. They\'ve had a kingdom, a republic, a dictatorship, and an empire. Their democracy would be the basis for most modern democracies. The people have always been involved with and loved their government, no matter what kind it was. They loved being involved in the government, and making decisions concerning everyone. In general, the Romans were very power-hungry. This might be explained by the myth that they are descended from
  • Roman History
    Roman History Rome The Land Italy is a peninsula jutting out into the Medditerranean sea west of Greece. Italy has poor mineral resources and very few useful harbors, however it is wealty in both fertile land and precipitation. Three - quarters of the peninsula is covered in foothills and mountains. The alps, a mountian range to the north of Italy, cut off the peninsulas only land connection, which resulted, in the times of Ancient Rome, in the people trading amonst themselves. The Early People
  • Roman Law
    Roman Law The Romans have had almost every type of government there is. They\'ve had a kingdom, a republic, a dictatorship, and an empire. Their democracy would be the basis for most modern democracies. The people have always been involved with and loved their government, no matter what kind it was. They loved being involved in the government, and making decisions concerning everyone. In general, the Romans were very power-hungry. This might be explained by the myth that they are descended from
  • Slavery1
    Slavery1 Slavery A slave is a human being who is owned by another human being through birth, purchase, or capture. A slave can be bought, sold, hired out, exchanged, given as a gift, or inherited. They don’t have rights, the law doesn’t protect them, and their masters rule over them. Their masters can treat them as they wish, and the slaves work with no pays what so ever. Since ancient times, people of all cultures were deprived of their rights through slavery. Many people may wonder about when
  • Slavery1
    Slavery1 Slavery A slave is a human being who is owned by another human being through birth, purchase, or capture. A slave can be bought, sold, hired out, exchanged, given as a gift, or inherited. They don’t have rights, the law doesn’t protect them, and their masters rule over them. Their masters can treat them as they wish, and the slaves work with no pays what so ever. Since ancient times, people of all cultures were deprived of their rights through slavery. Many people may wonder about when