Liberation Of Women In Foreign Countries Essay

This essay has a total of 1438 words and 8 pages.

Liberation Of Women In Foreign Countries


Liberation of Men's "Better Half"





Throughout history, stereotypes of women- ideological, ethnic, and sexual- seem to exist
in all societies. Today and throughout history, women have benn viewed on many, many
different ways. Throughout most of history, and in most cultures and societies, women were
viewed as "the weaker half" and their purpose was to run the house and take care of things
such as cooking and the kids. Via much reform in the United States, American women today
are for the most part, viewed as equals to men, and given an equal chance to succeed in
life. Unfortunately, many countries and regions of the world, even today, treat women
terribly and with no respect.


The subject of women and their placement in Chinese society has been an ongoing topic for
years, dating back to the beginning of China, as we know it. In China it has taken an
entire political movement to reveal the importance of one half of the human race. In many
books such as William Hinton's Fanshen, Jack Belden's China Shakes the World, and Edgar
Snow's Red Star Over China, the changing placement of Chinese women is a major part of the
story. Women fought and started working, women spoke out and marched and they stood up for
themselves. The idea of women's Liberation (women obtaining equal status with men) in
China was a long and hard fought struggle that took much fighting and brave people.


Women's Liberation in China began with the democratic revolution (attempt to overturn the
feudal rule of a landlord class), and completed in the socialist revolution. With the
increasing amount of bankruptcy in the rural economy over the past few years, men's
domination over women has been weakened. "The authority of the husband is getting shakier
every day". (Ching-Ling, 202)


The speed of the Women's Liberation movement closely resembled the advance of the
democratic revolution. In 1930, women's status was apparently raised because of the eve of
the war against Japanese aggression. At the time, there were already schools where
co-education was established. Some, not just a few, were employed as doctors, teachers and
hospital nurses. At this time, there were many women engaged in textile industries, but
they were discriminated against because they received lower wages than their male
counterparts.


At the end of the war against the Japanese, (around 1950) under the Communist government,
the movement was accelerated. Women began to work in all different fields, even the
military. Women gained economic independence. By completing their work successfully, women
started to gain more and more respect for what they could do, not who they were. Women
were devoted to their tasks; with much spirit to fulfill the needs of the Communist party.
At this time the Minister of Justice and Public Health were both women.


Within the last 50 years or so, even more women enlisted themselves in the military,
started work in many fields including the agricultural, transport, communication, mining
and commerce fields. Whatever men can do in these fields, women proved that they can match
their skills and sometimes better their counterparts. Today in China, by and large every
woman who can work can take her place in society, under the idea of equal work for equal
pay.


As in most cultures throughout history, women in Ireland were not treated equally until
much reform and effort. As the country of Ireland has industrialized and urbanized,
traditional ways have been challenged and changed, and every part of women's lives has
been subject to scrutiny and change. The past thirty-five years has been a period of rapid
change for women in Ireland.


The 1970's was a decade of debate and controversy about women and women's role in society.
Awareness of women's issues increased awareness which started the desire for change by
many females, particularly younger women in urban areas. The idea's of women's liberation
was very controversial because they were opposed to ideas of the family taught by the
Catholic Church as well as the Constitution of the Republic. The 1970's were a witness to
the pursuit of many goals by women, such as equal pay and birthrights. The Commission of
the Status of Women was founded to help out in the struggle for equality.


The Commission felt that to achieve equality, discrimination against women, especially in
areas such as employment legislation and social welfare. The Commission focused on
equality in employment and implementing the recommendations to the Irish Congress of Trade
Unions and the Federated Union of employers. The 70s no doubt saw some change but there
were several key areas that made little progress.


In the eyes on many Irishwomen, equality is not just having the same education and same
wages as men. "A deeper understanding of equality is not based on copying male norms, but
on ending the oppression of women: that is, a situation in which every woman can develop
freely and confidently and make genuine choices about her life as a woman." (Beale, 187)

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