Life of ernest hemingway Essay

This essay has a total of 3910 words and 13 pages.

life of ernest hemingway

The Life of Ernest Miller Hemingway
There were several writers in the twentieth century, and among them was Ernest Miller
Hemingway. Hemingway had a interesting, but strange life. By analyzing and exploring the
literature and biographies of Ernest Hemingway, one will be able to understand the life of
Ernest Hemingway and see the major contributions he had to literature.

He was born on July 21, 1899 in Oak Park, Illinois. Hemingway was born in the Hemingway
family home, which was built by his grandfather Ernest Hall. He was the second child out
of six, that were born to Clarence and Grace Hemingway. He had four sisters and one
brother. He was named after his mother's father Ernest Hall and his great uncle Miller
Hall. The area Ernest grew up in was a very conservative area of Illinois. It was the
opposite of Chicago which was liberal. Hemingway was raised with values of strong
religion, hard work, physical fitness and self determination. He was taught that if he
went by these values in life, he would do good in whatever he did. When he was little, his
father taught him to hunt and fish around the Lake Michigan area. Ernest's family had a
summer house on a place called Walloon Lake in north Michigan, and the family would spent
their summer there. When he was at the summerhouse, Hemingway would fish in the streams
that ran into the lake, or take the little row boat on the lake to fish. He would also go
squirrel hunting in the woods near the summer house. He liked to be by himself because he
could think.

Nature is what inspired Ernest to create some of his greatest works. Even though Ernest
liked nature, he often lived in major cities like Chicago, Toronto and Paris, but when he
became successful he chose more isolated places to live like Key West, Cuba, or Ketchum,
Idaho. Wherever he lived, he made sure he had access to hunting and fishing. When he
wasn't hunting or fishing his mother taught him about music. His mother was a singer who
once had thought about a professional career, but she chose to settle down with her
husband instead. She occupied her time by giving voice and music lessons to local
children. Sometimes she gave her own kids lessons. Hemingway never really liked music and
he hated choir practices and cello lessons. Even though he didn't like music a lot, it
helped him with his first wife, Hadley because she liked the piano.

Hemingway went to school in the Oak Park public school system. In high school he was okay
at sports. He played football, swimming, water basketball and was the track team manager.
He liked to also work on the high school newspaper called the Trapeze, where he wrote his
first articles. He imitated the style of writer Ring Lardner who wrote with a sense of
humor. Hemingway graduated high school in 1917 but instead of going to college like his
parents wanted him to, he took a job as a reporter for the Kansas City Star. His uncle was
responsible for him getting the job, because he knew the top editor. While Hemingway
worked for the Kansas City Star he learned about how to write, and it showed in his later
works of fiction. The newspaper advocated short sentences, short paragraphs, active verbs,
authenticity, compression, clarity and immediacy. Hemingway later said: "Those were the
best rules I ever learned for the business of writing. I've never forgotten them" (Young
36).

The same time Ernest was graduating, World War I had started in Europe. Even though
President Wilson tried to keep the US out of the war, they helped other countries in the
fight against Germany and Austria. When Hemingway turned eighteen he tried to enlist in
the army, but they turned him away because of poor vision. He had a bad eye like his
mother. When he heard the Red Cross wanted volunteers for ambulance drivers he quickly
signed up. The Red Cross accepted him so he left his job at the paper in 1918 and went to
Europe in May. Hemingway first went to Paris when he got to Europe, then he went tp Milan.
The day he arrived, a firearms factory exploded and he had to carry nasty bodies and body
parts to a temporary morgue. Two days after that he was sent to an ambulance unit in a
place called Schio, where he worked driving ambulances. A few weeks after arriving, he was
hurt by pieces of a Austrian mortar shell that landed a few feet away from him. Hemingway
was distributing chocolate and cigarettes to Italian soldiers when this happened. The
explosion knocked Hemingway unconscious, killed one soldier and blew the legs off another
one.

After the explosion happened, historians aren't exactly sure what happened next because
Ernest sometimes lied. In a letter to Hemingway's father another ambulance driver wrote
that even though there was over 200 pieces of metal from the mortar shell in his legs he
carried another injured soldier back to the first aid station. He also said that on the
way Ernest was hit in the legs by bullets. In the hospital Ernest met one of his first
loves. Her name was Agnes Hannah von Kurowsky and she was a twenty-six year old nurse who
took care of Ernest while he was injured.

Ernest really liked Agnes since he first saw her and it seemed like she liked him too, but
that's not what she said later in a letter to him. The letter said : " Now, after a couple
of months away from you, I know that I am still very fond of you, but, it is more as a
mother than as a sweetheart."

Hemingway wanted to marry her, but she said because of the age difference she thought he
wasn't mature enough. Plus she talked to other men. When Ernest left the hospital he wrote
letters to her. Hemingeway was given the Italian Silver Medal for Valor. The words on the
medal read:

"Gravely wounded by numerous pieces of shrapnel from an enemy shell, with an admirable
spirit of brotherhood, before taking care of himself, he rendered generous assistance to
the Italian soldiers more seriously wounded by the same explosion and did not allow
himself to be carried elsewhere until after they had been evacuated" (Baker 54).
Hemingway's wounding along the Piave River in Italy and his subsequent recovery at a
hospital in Milan, including the relationship with his nurse Agnes von Kurowsky, all
inspired his great novel A Farewell To Arms.

When Hemingway went home from Italy in 1919 he thought that Oak Park wasn't as fun as it
used to be and it was more boring now compared to being around the war. He was only
nineteen years old, but the war had made him more mature. HIs parents didn't really like
the fact that he had went over seas to the war, so living with them was hard on Ernest.
After he came home his parents began to pressure him to find work or go back to college.
He had received more than a thousand dollars from insurance for his war injuries, so
because that was a lot of money back then he didn't have to work for about a year. He
lived at his parent's house and spent his time reading. Ernest went around town talking to
people about how war was and when they asked him to tell about his experiences he lied to
make the people happy. His story "Soldier's Home" talks about how he felt bad when he came
home because people didn't really know what happened in war, so they didn't know that the
war had affects on his mind.

The last time Ernest spoke in public was very important. It was important to Hemingway not
because of what he said but because of who heard it. Harriett Connable, the wife of an
executive for the Woolworth's company in Toronto was listening. When he started talking
Ms. Harriett noticed the differences between Hemingway and her son. Hemingway was healthy
and strong and her son was frail and handicapped byhis right arm and spent most of his
time inside. Harriett Connable thought her son needed someone to show him the some fun and
Hemingway seemed like a good person to help her son while she and her husband took a
vacation in Florida. She asked Ernest if he would do it, and he said yes. When Ernest took
the little job, he got to write and work for the Toronto Star Weekly. Hemingway wrote for
the Star Weekly even when he moved to Chicago in 1920. When he lived at one of his
friend's house he met Hadley Richardson and they fell in love. They got married in 1921.
In the same year the same year Hemingway took an offer to work with the Toronto Daily Star
as its European correspondent. Ernest and Hadley got to go to Paris where literature was
being changed by writers like Ezra Pound, Gertrude Stein and Ford Maddox Ford. So he got
to do stories on them. The Hemingways got to Paris on December 22, 1921 and later they
moved into their first apartment. It was a dirty apartment that didn't have any running
water and the bathroom was really a closet with a bucket inside. Hadley wasn't really used
to living in bad conditions. They could have got a nicer apartment because they had about
$3,000 for a income. That was pretty good for those times. Ernest rented a separate
apartment so he could write. Ernest made a lot of friends in Paris and some of them were
famous writers and painters. These friendships would later help him out when he was
becoming a writer. Ernest wrote about a lot of stuff for the paper including the Geneva
Conference, the Greco-Turkish War, the Luasanne Conference and the post war convention in
the Ruhr Valley (. He also wrote about non political issues.

Just as Ernest was beginning to make a name for himself, he found out that Hadley was
pregnant with their first child. They wanted the baby to be born in North America where
the doctors were better, so they left Paris in 1923 and moved to Toronto, where he still
got to write for the Toronto Daily Star and wait for their child to arrive. John Hadley
Nicanor Hemingway was born on October 10, 1923 and when he was almost one, they moved back
to Paris where Hemingway would finish making a name for himself. Hemingway got a chance to
edit the Transatlantic Review. The owner of the Transatlantic Review, Moore Ford published
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