Literature of puritan Essay

This essay has a total of 901 words and 5 pages.

literature of puritan



Political Morality

In Webster's dictionary, morality is defined as "principles of right and wrong in conduct;
ethics." The principles of morality have countless times evolved over the ages. In earlier
times, death was an easy penalty for many crimes. These crimes today are considered minor
and are penalized with a slap on the hand. Is this considered wrong? Who is the correct
authority to consult on what is right or wrong? In today's society, two major factors
concern how the way members of society act and behave. The first is our national
government.


Members of our government in positions of authority decide everything in our lives in the
form of laws which determine our behavior. One of the most important documents written by
our government is the Declaration of Independence. The monarchy was taking away power from
the colonists and putting more demands on. In return, the colonists declared their freedom
from their tyrant. In this document, it states, "All men are created equal; that they are
endowed by their creator with certain unalienable rights; that among these are life,
liberty, and the pursuit of happiness." The great men who wrote this down had a strong
sense of morals. They believed that men were given rights by God that no one could take
away. This is essential to the issue of morality because it determines the rights- that
are agreed upon all- are wrong.


This brings us to religion. Religion is a major contributor to how we think and act
because it mirrors our beliefs in what we hold as right or wrong. An example of this is
the native tribes of africa and South America where a number of tribes practice
cannibalism. While this is considered a sin in most christian religions, the tribes have
evolved into cannibalism as a way to survive in life and have no objections to their
eating habits. The problem arises when the line between government and religion is
crossed. While religion does not have to power to punish one physically, but rather
soulfully of one has sinned. The government has the power to sentence punishment, yet
should have no power concerning God.


Many different religions have evolved all over the world and in the process, have people
have been prosecuted in their faith. The first settlers in the new world came here to
avoid prosecution from the powerful church/government of that time. Specifically, the
Church of England headed by the king. Puritan leaders led their followers to a place where
they could express their religion with no fear of other faiths. One such leader was John
Winthrop.

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