Lord Of The Flies - Primitive Essay

This essay has a total of 1153 words and 5 pages.

Lord Of The Flies - Primitive


"He looked in astonishment, no longer at himself but at an awesome stranger… He began to
dance and his laughter became a bloodthirsty snarling… The face of red and white and
black swung through the air…"


In the novel Lord of the Flies, an account of primitive religion is evident in the
behavior of the hunting party. Initially, we will explore chant and uniform action and
it's spiritual effects on the human mind and soul. Secondly, it will be discussed how
primitive peoples gain satisfaction from conducting the act of sacrifice. Moreover, this
research will go into depth about the transformation into a higher being and development
of a new identity through ritualistic actions. Finally, primitive society's emphasis on
fear-provoking, irrational behavior in comparison to modern society's insistence on
rationality will be addressed.


In a primitive society, chanting is designed to provide a group with benefits such as the
acquiring of material possessions, health, and monopoly over one's personal circumstances
or those of another person. This ritual is performed until one feels satisfied, and/or has
been led into spiritual contact with another realm. Another purpose of the chant is for
one to feel a powerful being emerge within one's soul, resulting in a god-like sensation
for a short amount of time. In the novel, one can perceive that the hunting party's
vigorous chant ("Kill the beast! Spill her blood!") is one of their final retrogressions
into savagery. Its repetitious, invigorating verse elates them, and when the procession
finally ends, they behave in a trance-like, mystified demeanor. They begin speaking
immediately in excited tones, feeling amazed at the feat they had accomplished. It is
written that "the boys chattered and danced", obviously enthralled with their victory. It
would be wise to conclude that the boys have derived a sense of power through performing
the chant, and they are satisfied with their newfound strength and uniformity. For Jack,
chanting is another means of manipulating others. Like one of its benefits to primitive
cultures, the chant awards him ultimate control over his entire group.



The ritual of the sacrifice is a fundamental element of primitive culture. Primarily,
blood sacrifice of an animal is the usual means of atonement for a primitive group. Other
reasons behind this sacred ritual were to bow down to power, or to declare one's adoration
of a god or deity. The ideas behind the gift sacrifice, which existed in the early
formation of religion, were thanksgiving and redemption. To honour their gods and deities,
primitive peoples would sacrifice the premium animal available. Eventually, necessity
dictated that the primitive groups consume the material part of the sacrifice, the gods
having possessed its soul by this time. In chapter eight of Lord of the Flies, titled
"Gift for the Darkness", the hunting party conducts a ghastly sacrifice. As the reader may
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