Lord Of The Flies Development Essay

This essay has a total of 1587 words and 8 pages.

Lord Of The Flies Development

How Do the Main Characters in Lord of the Flies Develop in the First Six Chapters?

In Lord of the Flies, William Golding experiments with what could happen to a group of
young of boys left in new surroundings with no adults present. The main characters of this
novel are quickly established and are the oldest or tallest of the boys. All the
characters change and develop enormously over the period of time when they have to adjust
to living on the island.

The reader is introduced to Ralph first, as the ‘boy with fair hair'. Ralph enjoys
standing on his head and shows how impulsive he is when he dives straight into the water.
This suggests that he has little common sense and so may be irresponsible. He also appears
to be a daydreamer and is convinced that his father will rescue him so does not face the
reality of what has actually happened.


‘how does he know were here?'…because, thought Ralph because because.'

Ralphs' father being in the navy could mean that Ralph has had a privileged upbringing
which might be why he feels superior to Piggy and doesn't think much of him. This is shown
when Ralph orders Piggy to ‘get my clothes', and when he broke his promise by telling
the boys his nickname was Piggy. Ralph had possession of the conch, used it to bring the
boys together and had a good physique (tall, blonde, ‘built like a boxer'), so he easily
earned the respect of the boys and was immediately accepted.


‘There was a stillness about Ralph that marked him out…his size and attractive appearance, most obscurely the conch'

The first thing Ralph says as leader is ‘I can't decide what to do straight of…'. He
does not display authority or apply a task to anyone, so the boys have to find their own
things to do, so he does not seem to have the qualities to make a good leader. However,
the fact that his main priority is to get rescued and build shelters to survive, and that
he tries to keep the island civilised shows that his ‘common sense' is developing.

Similar to most other boys, Ralph enjoyed the absence of adults on the island and the
island itself. Everyone wanted to have fun, but Ralph also wanted to be rescued so
understood the importance of the fire. By the third chapter Ralph feels depressed because
he cannot convince the boys of the necessity of the shelters.

The decline in order, Jack beginning to gain more power, no-one following the rules or
helping with the shelters and fire, the continual rivalry of Jack and the savagery in Jack
himself are factors which contribute to Ralph changing. He begins to appreciate Piggy more
and appraises what he says according to how practical it is. He also wishes for help from
the adults as this quotation shows.


‘If only they can send us something grown up…a sign or something'

Piggy is the character who seems to change the least in the story. He remains an outcast
but he does have some influence on the boys for a while through Ralph, who uses several of
his ideas, for example the shelters.


‘‘The first thing we ought to have made were shelters down there buy the beach''

In chapter one it is obvious that Piggy cannot do anything by himself because he depends
on his aunt who has spoilt him. This becomes apparent when Piggy frequently says ‘my
aunt says….'. He is very intelligent but no-one, except perhaps Ralph later on in the
story, realises this. Instead, the first thing they see is his fatness, glasses and asthma
which make him appear weak and an easy target for mocking. As a result of this mocking
Piggy stays civilised because no-one allows him to join in


‘Jack}…we don't want you'

Piggy always showed the maturity of an adult, for example when he describes the boys as
‘acting like a bunch of kids'. He also found it hard to understand the beastie because
he always explained life using science, but in his mind nothing was able to rationalise
the beastie. Golding emphasises the fact that he doesn't change much, by making him stay
the same physically whereas all the other boys become thinner and have longer hair.


‘He was the only boy on the island who's hair never seemed to grow'

The boys think Simon is ‘queer' and ‘batty', and so he is a bit of an outsider,
similar to Piggy. At first Golding describes Simon as being


‘skinny, vivid little boy, with a glance coming up from under a hut of straight hair that hung down, black and course'

The reader can see that Simon relates to nature when he sees certain bushes on the island
as ‘candle buds', whereas Jack slashes them and Ralph says ‘they're like candles, but
you can't light them.' Simon is helpful and friendly He shows this when he helps Ralph
build the shelters and when he picks the fruit for the littleuns. Simon does not appear to
be frightened of the island-instead he wonders around the island, even at night especially
to his ‘secret place'. As Simon connects more to nature he develops more spiritually and
seems to have psychic ability which he shows when he tells Ralph ‘you'll get back where
you came from'. However as Simon begins to understand, he struggles more to communicate
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