M.c. Escher

This essay has a total of 487 words and 3 pages.

M.c. Escher


The Dutch artist Maurits C. Escher (1898-1972) was a draftsman, book illustrator, tapestry
designer, and muralist, but his primary work was as a printmaker. Born in Leeuwarden,
Holland, the son of a civil engineer, Escher spent most of his childhood in Arnhem.
Aspiring to be an architect, Escher enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative
Arts in Harlem. While studying there from 1919 to 1922, his emphasis shifted from
architecture to drawing and printmaking upon the encouragement of his teacher Samuel
Jessurun de Mesquita. In 1924 Escher married Jetta Umiker, and the couple settled in Rome
to raise a family. They resided in Italy until 1935, when growing political turmoil forced
them to move first to Switzerland, then to Belgium. In 1941, with World War II under way
and German troops occupying Brussels, Escher returned to Holland and settled in Baarn,
where he lived and worked until shortly before his death.


The main subjects of Escher's early art are Rome and the Italian countryside. While living
in Italy from 1922 to 1935, he spent the spring and summer months traveling throughout the
country to make drawings. Later, in his studio in Rome, Escher developed these into
prints. Whether depicting the winding roads of the Italian countryside, the dense
architecture of small hillside towns, or details of massive buildings in Rome, Escher
often created enigmatic spatial effects by combining various -- often conflicting --
vantage points, for instance, looking up and down at the same time. He frequently made
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