Mafia

This essay has a total of 736 words and 4 pages.

Mafia



The Mafia is an organized crime organization that has been around for an extremely long
time. The honored society developed back in Western Sicily and Palermo (The Mafia
Homepage, www.geocities.com). In the ninth century, the Arab forces occupied the small
island of Sicily. The Sicilians were oppressed and took refuge in the hills of there
homeland. As they spent time in the hills as refugees, these Sicilians took it upon
themselves to form a secret society to unite the Sicilian forces against the Norman’s and
Arab’s. This organization was known better as the Mafia (Omerta, users.aol.com). Mafia is
a word that has originated from the Arabic language and its meaning is refuge (Mafia
History, mafiasite.8m.com). This society had the intent to create a family based on their
ancestry and Sicilian heritage. In the 1700’s they distributed pictures of black hands to
the wealthy people. This was an unspoken request for an amount of money in return for
protection of them and there families. If the money wasn’t paid the people in that house
could expect violence brought upon them and their family (Omerta, users.aol.com). By the
end nineteenth century, the Sicilian Mafia had grown larger, more extensive, powerful, and
more criminally oriented than in the past. They were coming down from the hillsides and
some of them were even getting involved in politics running for office and ocasionally
winning. This was greatly adding to the Mafia’s power in Sicily (Mafia History,
mafiasite.8m.com). In 1876 Mafia leader Don Rafael Palizzolo ran for office in Sicily. He
forced some citizens to vote for him under gunpoint. When he won elected fellow member
of the Mafia Don Crispi as Prime Minister. These two put Sicily under control of the
Mafia and gave much of the governments funds to the Mafia (Omerta, users.aol.com). By
1900 the Mafia controlled most of the Western third of the island. These “Mafia men” took
control of local government offices and took over management positions in factories and
and bought out/took over estates (The Mafia Homepage, www.geocities.com). By 1924 the
Mafia had become so powerful it attracted Mussolini’s attention He wanted to rid Italy and
Sicily of this secret society. This led to migration of the Mafia members to the United
States. In its first years in the U.S. the Mafia based itself right in the heart of New
Orleans, this was the largest site of Mafia ever. (Mafia History, mafiasite.8m.com). With
thousands of members of the Mafia migrating to the United States the Mafia would slowly
take control of Major U.S. Cities such as New York, Chicago, Nevada, Havana, and much more
of the U.S. (The Mafia Homepage, www.geocities.com). The Mafia formed La Cosa Nostra in
the U.S. This was an organization of all the new Mafia families in the U.S. La Cosa
Nostra united all the families to try to keep peace between them (Mafia History,
mafiasite.8m.com). At the turn of the century the American Mafia was much different from
the Sicilian Mafia in many ways. First the European Maria was founded on a sense of
loyalty and respect for culture, family, and the Sicilian heritage. The Mafia was to
protect its members in return for absolute loyalty to the Mafia family. The Sicilian
Mafia valued the code of “omerta”, which is the code of honor and silence. They were
strict to the ruling that this was a secret society that was only open to those of
Sicilian blood. The American Mafia is much different. They are a conniving, cold-hearted
organization. They have a number of glorified thieves such as pickpockets and murderers.
Continues for 2 more pages >>




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