Management and Leadership Essay

This essay has a total of 714 words and 4 pages.

Management and Leadership

Leadership and Management are two notions that are often used interchangeably. However,
these words actually describe two different concepts. For this paper, I am going to try to
discuss these differences and explain why both terms are thought to be similar.

Leadership is just one of the many assets a successful manager must possess. Care must be
taken in distinguishing between the two concepts. The main aim of a manager is to maximize
the output of the organization through administrative implementation. To achieve this,
managers must undertake the following functions:

· Organization
· Planning
· Staffing
· Directing
· Controlling
Leadership is just one important component of the directing function. A manager
cannot just be a leader, he also needs formal authority to be effective. "For any quality
initiative to take hold, senior management must be involved and act as a role model. This
involvement cannot be delegated"(Predpall, 30).

In some circumstances, leadership is not required. For example, self-motivated groups may
not require a single leader and may find leaders dominating. The fact that a leader is not
always required proves that leadership is just an asset and is not essential.

Managers think incrementally, while leaders think radically. "Managers do things right,
while leaders do the right thing" (Pascale, 65). This means that managers do things by the
book and follow company policy, while leaders follow their own intuition, which may in
turn be of more benefit to the company. A leader is more emotional than a manager. "Men
are governed by their emotions rather than their intelligence" (Fenton, 113). This quote
illustrates why teams choose to follow leaders.

"Leaders stand out by being different. They question assumption and are suspicious of
tradition. They seek out the truth and make decisions based on fact, not prejudice. They
have a preference for innovation" (Fenton, 113).

Often with small groups, it is not the manager who emerges as the leader. In many cases it
is a subordinate member with specific talents who leads the group in a certain direction.
"Leaders must let vision, strategies, goals, and values be the guide-post for action and
behavior rather than attempting to control others" (Predpall, 31).

When a natural leader emerges in a group containing a manager, conflict may arise if they
have different views. When a manager sees the group looking towards someone else for
leadership he may feel his authority is being questioned.

Continues for 2 more pages >>




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