Manifest desiny Essay

This essay has a total of 510 words and 4 pages.

manifest desiny




Manifest Destiny


Manifest Destiny reflected the desire to grow and expand quickly. It also demonstrated
the idealistic vision of social perfection that fueled so much of the reform energy of the
time. All this rested on the idea that America was destined-by god and by history- to
expand its boundaries over a vast area.

The idea of Manifest Destiny had spread throughout the nation in the 1840's. It was
heavily publicized by the new "penny express" which made newspapers available to a far
greater proportion of the population than ever before. Some supporters of Manifest
Destiny had relatively limited territorial goals; others envisioned a vast new "empire of
liberty" that would include Canada, Mexico, Caribbean and Pacific islands, and ultimately,
a few dreamed, much of the rest of the world. There was great enthusiasm over expansion
in the 1840's and it all began with the issues of Texas and Oregon.

There are several reasons why Americans embraced manifest destiny. Some reasons include
European and colonial experience of Christianizing, European background and colonial
background of racism, the rise of nationalism and ideals of nation-building, socioeconomic
problems of mass urban population dynamics and the need for resources caused by capitalism
and industrialization.

Westward expansion began with territorial acquisitions that began in 1783. The first was
acquired as a result of the American Revolution.

The Treaty of Paris allotted the United States lands between the Appalachians and
Mississippi River. These acquisitions doubled the size of the U.S. In 1803, Napoleon
and the Louisiana purchase granted the U.S. that territory for $15 million. Napoleon
struck a desperate deal with the U.S. in desperation for money to finance the costly wars
in Europe. This again doubled the size of the United States.

The Rush-Bagot Agreement, witch was signed in 1818, set the border of Canada at the 49°
parallel. The U.S. also acquired part of N. Dakota and Minnesota.

In 1819 the United States acquired Florida from Spain for $5 million in the treaty of
Adams-0nis. The need for money in Spain and the belief that Florida was unprofitable due
to its negative topography and Indian problem encouraged the Spanish to sell.

The annexation of Texas, which was signed in 1845 was at the request of the Texas Republic
and granted this territory to the United States. Texas had been its own country between
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