Marie Curie Criticism

This essay has a total of 1101 words and 5 pages.

Marie Curie

MARIE CURIE AND THE STUDY OF RADIOACTIVITY
Marie Curie was born, Maria Sklodowska on November 7, 1867. She grew up in Warsaw, Poland.
She would become famous for her research on radioactivity. Marie Curie was the first woman
to ever win a Nobel prize, and the first ever to win two Nobel prizes. She is most famous
for the discovery of Radium and Polonium. Her work not only influenced the development of
fundamental science, but also began a new era in medical research and treatment.

Maria was the last of five children. Her oldest sister died of Typhus, one sister became a
teacher and a brother and a sister both became physicians. Her family was not very rich,
but education was highly valued by the Sklodowska family.

Maria's life was never very easy, and it got worse after her mother died of Tuberculosis
when Maria was only 11. Maria was the star pupil of her class, and graduated High School
at the age of 15.

Maria began her studies at a "floating" university. It was an illegal school, held at
night. It was called floating, because classes always met at different places. Maria
realized that this university was not providing her with the education she desired,
however she did get a taste of progressive thought and an introduction to new developments
in the sciences.

Maria enrolled at Sorbonne in 1891. She then changed her name to the French form of Maria,
Marie. In Paris, Marie studied mathematics, chemistry, and physics. Marie was correct
about her assumption that the floating university did not provide her with all that she
needed. Marie studied very hard, and received her master's degree in physics in 1893, and
her master's degree in math the following year. Money was a problem for Marie, but the
university was her abilities and helped her out.

When searching for lab space in 1894, Marie came across Pierre Curie. He was the
laboratory chief at the Municipal School of Industrial Physics and Chemistry. The meeting
of Pierre and Marie would not only change their individual lives, but also the course of
Science.

While conducting experiments, Marie was permitted to use a dark, damp storeroom for her
lab. While conducting these experiments, she made a hypothesis. Her hypothesis was this:
The emission of rays from Uranium compounds could be an atomic property of the element
Uranium-something built into the very structure of the atoms. During Marie's time, the
atom was thought to be the smallest particle in existence. At first, Marie and Pierre
Curie believed that perhaps the atom was covered with cosmic rays. Marie tested numerous
elements to find if other ones than Uranium would make the air conduct electricity better.

Pierre was so interested in Marie's work, that he joined forces with her. Her research had
revealed that two uranium ores, pitchblende and chalcolite were much more radioactive that
Continues for 3 more pages >>