Mark Twain Essay

This essay has a total of 1543 words and 9 pages.

Mark Twain




MARK TWAIN a.k.a. Samuel Langhorne Clemens



"Mark Twain, which is a pseudonym for Samuel Langhorne Clemens, was born in 1835, and died
in 1910. He was an american writer and humorist. Maybe one of the reasons Twain will be
remembered is because his writings contained morals and positive views. Because Twain's
writing is so descriptive, people look to his books for realistic interpretations of
places, for his memorable characters, and his ability to describe his hatred for hypocrisy
and oppression. HE believed he could write. Most authors relied on other people and what
they said, but because Twain was so solitary, he made himself so successful. 1"





"When he was younger, his family moved. When he was four years old, his family moved
Clemens (Twain) into a port city on the Mississippi River called Hannibal; however, his
birthplace was Florida, Missouri. This was stated in a newspaper I found in my uncles
office.Missouri was thier favorite place he ever lived because it was where he felt most
respected. In Hannibal, we learned that Twain was a very descriptive writer.He then
received a public school education because he was very successful. When his father died in
1847, Clemens was apprenticed to two Hannibal printers and that was one of his favorite
occupations. In 1851 he began setting type for and contributing sketches to his brother
Orion's Hannibal Journal. While he worked as a printer, he lived in many cities such as,
Keokuk, Iowa; New York City; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; and a few others. Later Clemens
was a steamboat pilot on the Mississippi River, which pulled him away from the publishing
business, until the American Civil War brought an end to travel on the river. 2"In 1861
Clemens served briefly as a volunteer soldier in the Confederate Calvary because he always
wanted to. Later that year he accompanied his brother to the newly created Nevada
Territory, where he tried his hand at silver mining. In 1862 he became a reporter on the
Territorial Enterprise in Virginia City, which brought him back to the writing he loved,
and in 1863 he began signing his articles with the name Mark Twain. He picked 'Twain' for
his writing name because it reminded him of an old Mississippi River phrase meaning "two
fathoms deep." In San Francisco, California in 1864, Twain moved and met American writers
Artemus Ward and Bret Harte, whoencouraged him in his work. In 1854 Twain reworked a tale
that he had heard in the California gold fields, and within months the author and the
story, "The Celebrated Jumping Frog of CalaverasCounty," had become national sensations.







Twain lectured in New York City in 1867 and in the same year he
visited Europe and Palestine because he loved 'antique' places of sight seeing. He wrote
of these travels in "The Innocents Abroad" (1869),which is a book exaggerating those
aspects of European culture that impress American tourists. In 1870 he married Olivia
Langdon. "When the new couple first married , they lived in Buffalo, New York. Then they
moved to Hartford, Connecticut. 3"




"Much of Twain's best work was written in the 1870s and 1880s in Hartford or during the
summers at Quarry Farm, near Elmira, New York. ''Roughing It'' (1872) which recounts his
early adventures as a miner and journalist was first. 4" In a story called "The Adventures
of Tom Sawyer" he was stated that Quarry Farm was Twain's favorite place he ever resided.
"The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" (1876) which celebrates boyhood in a town on the
Mississippi River was his second novel. "A Tramp Abroad" (1880) which describes a walking
trip through the Black Forest of Germany and the Swiss Alps was an account of his travels
abroad. "The Prince and the Pauper" (1882),which is a children's book, focuses on
switched identities in Tudor England. " Life on the Mississippi" (1883) which combines an
autobiographical account of his experiences as a river pilot with a visit to the
Mississippi nearly two decades after he left it was also written in account that derived
from his travels. "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court" (1889) which satirizes
oppression in feudal England was one of the last novels he wrote.5"





"The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn "(1884), the sequel to Tom Sawyer, is considered
Twain's masterpiece.6" "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" was an adventure story, the
story of the title character known as Huck, a boy who flees his father by rafting down the
Mississippi River with a runaway slave, Jim. "Because of the cruelty that men are capable
of , the pairs adventures show time and again the dangers of being alone in the world.
Another theme of the novel is that the conflict between Huck's feelings of friendship with
Jim, who is one of the few people he can trust, and his knowledge that he is breaking the
laws of the time by helping Jim escape.7" Huckleberry Finn,which is almost entirely
narrated from Huck's point of view, is noted for its authentic language and for its deep
commitment to freedom. "Huck's adventures also provide the reader with a panorama of
American life along the Mississippi before the Civil War that today, in my opinion, is
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