Martin Luther Synopsis

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Martin Luther

Book Report #1
Martin Luther The Great Reformer
By: J. A. Morrison
Revised & Edited by: Michael J. McHugh


On November 10, 1483, Martin Luther was born. His parents were Hans and Margaret Luther.
Martin came from a poor family. The Luther's were Germans. They lived in the Thuringian
Mountains near Eisleben. Martin Luther was still a small baby when his parents moved from
Eisleben to Mansfeld, where his father found work in the mines. Martin, his brother, and
his three sisters didn't have the easiest childhood to grow up with. Their parents taught
them religion. Luther's parents were devout Catholics and their strenuous and even
unmerciful discipline of their children, they believed, was the very best for the
children's welfare. So when Martin or his siblings did anything wrong, they were beat as a
punishment.

Hans Luther wanted to give his children better education than he has himself growing up.
They started to teach Martin as soon as they could. Even if he was at home he was always
learning. But in school because the schoolteachers were ignorant, he received fifteen
whippings one morning at school. Martin referred the name of "school" to "hell and
purgatory". When the schoolmasters at Mansfeld were through pounding Latin into Luther
with a stick, he was getting ready to go to Magdeburg for school. Because Luther was so
poor to have money for his own expenses, Luther had to sing in the streets. It was common
for Luther to see other students as poor as him standing in front of wealthy citizen
houses. Sometimes they were invited to come in for some food. He stayed in Magdeburg for
about one year before moving to Eisenach and going to a school known as The School Of St.
George. Ursula Cotta heard Luther singing in the street for money. So she and her Husband,
Conrad, invited Luther to come into their beautiful home and share its comforts with them.
Then in about May of 1501, Luther enrolled as a student at Erfurt. Then in 1502, he took
the degree of Bachelor of Arts and three years later that of Master of Arts.

Luther had been hunted by fears that God's wrath was being stored up against him. Luther
didn't look to the Bible for an answer to his burning question. He has been taught to look
to the Roman Catholic Church for the answer. It advised him to become a monk if he would
be perfect and have a great reward in heaven. Luther struggled to figure out what to do
with his life. He wanted to be perfect in heaven but he didn't really want to be a monk.
Certain happenings in Erfurt seemed to warn him that the end was near for him. So he left
the university and went home. On July 2, when he was returning to the university, he was
overtaken by a severe thunderstorm. Luther actually thought the devil was after him.
Luther made a vow that he would become a monk and the battle was over. When he told his
friends they tried to talk him out of it but Luther made up his mind and was sticking with
it. Luther soon found out that not all monks were good people. Luther's father was furious
when he found out that Martin had become a monk. In February 1507, Martin was ordained a
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