Mary McLeod Bethune Essay

This essay has a total of 476 words and 2 pages.

Mary McLeod Bethune

Mary McLeod Bethune was an innovative leader because she took a story which was largely
latent in the population, equal education rights for black children, and brought it to
national prominence through the creation of the Bethune-Cookman college. She was also a
visionary leader because of the incredible success she was able to attain in advancing the
cause of equal education.

Bethune was such an effective leader because both she completely embodied her story and it
became completely central to her life and persona. Bethune was able to embark on her
incredible quest because of the educational opportunities she was provided by missionary
teachers and therefore dedicated her life to ensuring that every black child had the
opportunity to advance and prove themselves through education. In Leading Minds, Howard
Gardner describes the many characteristics which comprise his cognitive model of
leadership. In this brief biographical excerpt, Bethune meets them all.

One of the characteristics Gardner uses to quantify cognitive leadership is the
acquisition of power and the use of this power to implement policy. The segregated and
patriarchical nature of the society Bethune lived in made it extremely difficult for her
advance herself or her vision of equal opportunity education. However, despite these
challenges, she was able to rise to a position of national prominence as a director of the
division of Negro affairs of the National Youth Administration and a President and trustee
of the school she created from its creation to her own death. This alone would not qualify
Continues for 1 more page >>




  • Dreaming in the 1960s
    Dreaming in the 1960s Dreaming in the 1960s In 1962, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. said his most famous words: "I have a dream." He was not the only one who felt this way. For many, the 1960s was a decade in which their dreams about America might be fulfilled. For Martin Luther King Jr., this was a dream of a truly equal America; for John F. Kennedy, it was a dream of a young vigorous nation that would put a man on the moon; and for the hippy movement, it was one of love, peace, and freedom. The 1
  • Evaluation of the new deal
    Evaluation of the new deal "An evaluation of the new deal" Franklin D. Roosevelt brought the new deal in to Americans life in the early thirties. Its purpose was to deal with the depression. Following the depression there were many programs and acts to help the nation recover from the depression. The "forgotten Americans" were the ones who needed the new deal to benefit them. These people were the blacks, women, immigrants, and the many people who suffered from poverty. Unemployment was one of t
  • History of labor in america
    history of labor in america The Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States. At Lowell, Massachusetts, the construction of a big cotton mill began in 1821. It was the first of several that would be built there in the next 10 years. The machinery to spin and weave cotton into cloth would be driven by water power. All that the factory owners needed was a dependable supply of labor to tend the machines. As most jobs in cotton factories required neither great strength nor special skills,
  • Honest Abe Abe Lincoln
    Honest Abe Abe Lincoln INTRODUCTION Abraham Lincoln, Honest Abe, is one of the greatest American Presidents. He is known today for his Presidency in which he fought the Confederacy during the Civil War and abolished slavery with the Emancipation Proclamation and later the Thirteenth Amendment. He was an intelligent, honest, and just leader who governed at a critical time in American history. PRE-PRESIDENCY Lincoln was born on the twelfth of February 1809 in a cabin three miles outside of Hodgenv
  • Image and Reality
    Image and Reality Valery Potakh Mr. Anderson US History 1A, P.7 24 November 1998 Image and Reality In the years since the thousand days many questions have been raised and are still being studied about John F. Kennedy. A Life of John F. Kennedy: A Question of Character is a book written by Thomas C. Reeves, in which Reeves discusses these issues. JFK was a great man, and yet there are still some things that one must take into consideration. His morality was always somewhat of an uncertainty; be
  • Lincolns Journey to Emancipation
    Lincolns Journey to Emancipation Lincoln’s Journey to Emancipation He comes to us in the mists of legend as a kind of homespun Socrates, brimming with prarie wit and folk wisdom. There is a counterlegend of Lincoln, one shared ironically enough by many white Southerners and certain black Americans of our time. Neither of these views, of course, reveals much about the man who really lived--legend and political interpretations seldom do. As a man, Lincoln was complex, many-sided, and richly human.
  • Reconstruction4
    Reconstruction4 Philip Smith AP American History Mr. Catapano 02/24/00 After the Civil War ended, President Lincoln was faced with the task of rejoining a Union which was thriving less than fifty years earlier. In 1863 to achieve this goal, Lincoln introduced his “restoration plan” to the country. During this time of Reconstruction many compromises were made in order to bring the south into American society once more, while incorporating the needs of the newly emancipated slaves. Although Lincol
  • Robber Barons
    Robber Barons Robert Allen 92845 Robber Barons Then and Now Robber Barons, a term used in the late 1800s and early 1900s to describe a businessman who made an enormous amount of money, today we would call them billionaires. It was not really the fact they made an extreme amount of wealth, it was more the way they made it. In all the cases the acquiring of wealth was done in what was considered a ruthless manor and unscrupulous ways. A robber baron was more interested in acquiring wealth than the
  • Truman
    Truman Harry S. Truman. ”Early Life Harry S. Truman, the oldest of three children born to Martha Ellen Young Truman and John Anderson Truman, was born in his family’s small frame house in Lamar, Missouri, in 1884. Truman had no middle name; his parents apparently gave him the middle initial S. because two family relatives names started with that letter. When Truman was six years old, his family moved to Independence, Missouri, where he attended the Presbyterian Church Sunday school. There he met
  • Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde
    Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde Dr. Jekyll and Mr Hyde Chapter 1 The story begins with a description of Mr. Utterson, a lawyer in London. Mr. Utterson is a reserved, conservative man who does not reveal his true, vibrant personality. He tolerates the strangeness and faults of other. Early in his life, he watched as his brother fell to ruin, and it is noted that he is often the last respectable person that men who are turning to evil or ruin have to talk to. This foreshadows Utterson\'s involvement with up
  • The Hitchhikers guide to the Galaxy
    The Hitchhikers guide to the Galaxy HHGttG The Hitchhikers guide to the galaxy is a wholly remarkable book. Thought many of the concepts are slightly abstract and obscure, the book itself is a truly great work. The basic idea is that the day we meet our adventurous crew is the single worst Thursday of Arthur Dents life. Sadly, it is not just Arthur who will be having a bad day. You see, it is this Thursday when the earth gets destroyed. Of all the billions of people on the planet, there was on
  • The Hitchickers Guide3
    The Hitchickers Guide3 The Hitchhikers guide to the galaxy is a wholly remarkable book. Thought many of the concepts are slightly abstract and obscure, the book itself is a truly great work. The basic idea is that the day we meet our adventurous crew is the single worst Thursday of Arthur Dents life. Sadly, it is not just Arthur who will be having a bad day. You see, it is this Thursday when the earth gets destroyed. Of all the billions of people on the planet, there was only one who knew what
  • None Provided7
    None Provided7 Ghost stories, they have the power to throw us into another world, leading us to not only fear for the characters within the novel but for ourselves as the ghosts seem to follow the reader around weeks afterwards. It is the mastery of description that enslaves our minds as readers. Ghost stories paint vivid pictures inside the mind as they force us to come face to face with our deepest fears. Imagining ourselves as the main characters we become a part of the story, seeing, hearing
  • The Great Gatsbysuper notes automatic A
    the Great Gatsbysuper notes automatic A Have you ever felt that there were two of you battling for control of the person you call yourself? Have you ever felt that you weren\'t quite sure which one you wanted to be in charge? All of us have at least two selves: one who wants to work hard, get good grades, and be successful; and one who would rather lie in the sun and listen to music and daydream. To understand F. Scott Fitzgerald, the man and the writer, you must begin with the idea of doublenes
  • Austria
    Austria Austria Austria is the republic in central Europe. It is about 360 miles long and has an area of about 32,378 square miles. Vienna is the country’s capital and largest city. Austria is predominantly a mountainous country, with an average elevation of about 3000 feet. Most of the land falls within the eastern part of the Alps. In general the major mountain ranges of Austria run in an eastern-western direction and are separated from one another by large valleys. The northernmost line of ra
  • Jamaica
    Jamaica The country of Jamaica has an ideal location. Located just south of Cuba, it is the third largest island in the Caribbean Sea with 10,990 km². Although the capital is Kingston, there are many other important centers of trade and business. The official language is English and the major religion is Protestantism. Transportation in Jamaica connects the entire country and movement thought out the island is very easy. There is a coastal highway traveling the whole coast. Air Jamaica and cruis
  • Nicaragua
    Nicaragua Have you ever wanted to go to a place during our winter season that is warm or hot most of the year? Well, most people choose Florida, or California. But, why not go out of the country this winter and try the largest country of Central America, Nicaragua. I did lots of research on Nicaragua, and I hope you learn as much as I did. To begin my report, I will give you some brief history. The first inhabitants of Nicaragua were the Nicaro Indians. This way of life was blended with Spanish
  • Nicaragua1
    Nicaragua1 Have you ever wanted to go to a place during our winter season that is warm or hot most of the year? Well, most people choose Florida, or California. But, why not go out of the country this winter and try the largest country of Central America, Nicaragua. I did lots of research on Nicaragua, and I hope you learn as much as I did. To begin my report, I will give you some brief history. The first inhabitants of Nicaragua were the Nicaro Indians. This way of life was blended with Spanish
  • Rocky Mountains or Rockies
    Rocky Mountains or Rockies Rocky Mountains or Rockies, great chain of rugged mountain ranges in western North America, extending from central New Mexico to northeastern British Columbia, a distance of about 3220 km (about 2000 mi). The Great Basin and the Rocky Mountain Trench, a valley running from northwestern Montana to northern British Columbia, border the Rockies on the east by the Great Plains and on the west. The Rocky Mountains form part of the Great, or Continental, Divide, which separa
  • Rocky Mountains or Rockies1
    Rocky Mountains or Rockies1 Rocky Mountains or Rockies, great chain of rugged mountain ranges in western North America, extending from central New Mexico to northeastern British Columbia, a distance of about 3220 km (about 2000 mi). The Rockies are bordered on the east by the Great Plains and on the west by the Great Basin and the Rocky Mountain Trench, a valley running from northwestern Montana to northern British Columbia. The Rocky Mountains form part of the Great, or Continental, Divide, whi
  • Taiwan
    taiwan Introduction It is sometimes said that the widening gap between the rich and the poor is due to the fact that capital is so easily shifted around the globe while labor, bound to family and place, is not. But there is nothing natural about this. Human beings, after all, have wandered the earth for ages - crossing oceans and continents, in search of food, land, and adventure - whereas a factory, shipyard, or office building, once built, is almost impossible to move in a cost effective way.
  • Thailand1
    Thailand1 IINTRODUCTION Thailand, formerly Siam, officially Kingdom of Thailand, kingdom in Southeast Asia, bounded by Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) on the north and west, by Laos on the northeast, by Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand (Siam) on the southeast, by Malaysia on the south, and by the Andaman Sea and Myanmar on the southwest. The total area of Thailand is 513,115 sq km (198,115 sq mi). Bangkok is the capital and largest city. IILAND AND RESOURCES Thailand lies within the Indochine
  • Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was born on February 12, 1809 in Kentucky. When he was two, the Lincoln’s moved a few miles to another farm on the old Cumberland Trail. A year later, his mother gave birth to another boy, Thomas, but he died a few days later. When Lincoln was seven his family moved to Indiana. In 1818, Lincoln’s mother died from a deadly disease called the “milk-sick.” Then ten years later his sister died and left him with only his father and stepmother. Lincoln t
  • Cuban history
    cuban history History of Cuba Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Cuba on October 28, 1492, during his initial westward voyage. In honor of the daughter of Ferdinand V and Isabella I of Spain, his benefactors, Columbus named it Juana, the first of several names he successively applied to the island. It eventually became known as Cuba, from its aboriginal name, Cubanascnan. Colonization by Spain When Columbus first landed on Cuba it was inhabited by the Ciboney, a friendly tribe related
  • Eamon de Valera
    Eamon de Valera Eamon de Valera, although born in New York City, in the United States of America, devoted his life to help the people of Ireland. As he once said it, “If I wish to know what the Irish want, I look into my own heart.” De Valera loved Ireland and its people with a deep and lasting passion. It was he, probably more than any other person in their history, who helped that country win freedom from British rule and then shaped its history well into the twentieth century. De Valera’s mot
  • Emancipation Proclamation
    Emancipation Proclamation Emancipation Proclamation By: Matman45SW The Emancipation Proclamation On September 22,1862 President Abraham Lincoln first issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. This document stated that slaves would be free with some exceptions. Earlier at a July 22, 1862, cabinet meeting, the president announced that he had decided to declare the emancipation of Southern slaves. The enlistment of 29,000 blacks in the Union army of the civil war forced Lincoln to make that
  • Emancipation Proclamation1
    Emancipation Proclamation1 Emancipation Proclamation By: Matman45SW The Emancipation Proclamation On September 22,1862 President Abraham Lincoln first issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation. This document stated that slaves would be free with some exceptions. Earlier at a July 22, 1862, cabinet meeting, the president announced that he had decided to declare the emancipation of Southern slaves. The enlistment of 29,000 blacks in the Union army of the civil war forced Lincoln to make tha
  • FDRs NEW DEAL A SUCCESS
    FDRs NEW DEAL A SUCCESS Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal programs for relief and works projects were beneficial to America’s economic collapse while helping the nation as a whole. Before these programs, however, the nation was in a most needy state. On October 24th 1929 a day known as "Black Thursday" came. The stock market crashed and so did the economy. Unemployment ran rapid through the country whereas millions of Americans were out of work and money. The nation succumbed to one of the fi
  • Quebec's Quiet revolution: What is it? How has it
    ff Quebec\'s Quiet revolution: What is it? How has it changed Quebec\'s society? How has it affected Confederation? The English-French relations have not always been easy. Each is always arguing and accusing the other of wrong doings. All this hatred and differences started in the past, and this Quiet revolution, right after a new Liberal government led by Jean Lesage came in 1960. Thus was the beginning of the Quiet Revolution. Lesage had an excellent team of cabinet ministers which included Re
  • Fredrick Douglass2
    Fredrick Douglass2 Frederick Douglass "Abolitionist/Editor" A biography of the life of Frederick Douglass by Sandra Thomas -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Frederick Douglass was one of the foremost leaders of the abolitionist movement, which fought to end slavery within the United States in the decades prior to the Civil War. A brilliant speaker, Douglass was asked by the American Anti-Slavery Society to engage in a tour of lectures, and so became
  • Governor Pinchot
    Governor Pinchot Thoughout much of his life in politics, Pinchot\'s name had been occasionally thrown around as a possible Presidential candidate. It never happened. He was eventually elected to public office as Governor of Pennsylvania in 1922, largely through the support of rural counties and the new women\'s vote. During his 1923-1927 administration, his major goals were the regulation of electric power companies and the enforcement of Prohibition. In a crusade for "clean politics," he reorga
  • Hitler2
    Hitler2 Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler’s Early Years Adolf Hitler was born in the small Austrian town of Branau on the 20th of April 1889. He came from a middle-class family that lived comfortably, although he suggested in his book Mein Kampf that his family was poor and his childhood was filled with hardship. His father Alois Hitler was a customs official with the Austrian Civil Service. His mother, Klara was a former servant girl and became Alois’ third wife. The young Hitler had ability but perfor
  • Hitler2
    Hitler2 Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler’s Early Years Adolf Hitler was born in the small Austrian town of Branau on the 20th of April 1889. He came from a middle-class family that lived comfortably, although he suggested in his book Mein Kampf that his family was poor and his childhood was filled with hardship. His father Alois Hitler was a customs official with the Austrian Civil Service. His mother, Klara was a former servant girl and became Alois’ third wife. The young Hitler had ability but perfor
  • Inside Caligari and The Last Laugh
    Inside Caligari and The Last Laugh Inside Caligari and The Last Laugh The films, The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari and The Last Laugh were very important films. They opened new doors to cinema. They showed the world that films don’t have to leave you feeling really good about life and the world we live in. By this I mean that the two films listed above tell the viewers about the power people posses and the misuse of that power. There are different ways to misuse power; the rich take power for granted,
  • Jackson
    jackson The Emergence of a more Democratic Republic We should recall that democracy as we understand it at the end of the Twentieth Century did not exist in the ages of Jefferson and Jackson. Today we accept the notion that democracy means that every citizen has a vote, with certain reasonable restrictions such as age, registration requirements and so on. In the early 1800s it was generally accepted that in order to vote a person needed to have a legal stake in the system, which could mean prope
  • Labor in america
    labor in america LABOR IN AMERICA The Industrial Revolution was dawning in the United States. At Lowell, Massachusetts, the construction of a big cotton mill began in 1821. It was the first of several that would be built there in the next 10 years. The machinery to spin and weave cotton into cloth would be driven by water power. All that the factory owners needed was a dependable supply of labor to tend the machines. As most jobs in cotton factories required neither great strength nor special sk
  • Lyndon B Johnson and Richard M Nixon
    Lyndon B Johnson and Richard M Nixon Lyndon B. Johnson and Richard M. Nixon were presidents during one of the most turbulent periods in American history. Both grappled with significant social unrest and the question of whether to continue involvement in the Vietnam War. Although these two presidents faced similar problems during their presidency, their presidential style and approach to these problems was fundamentally different. However, Johnson and Nixon shared a willingness to mislead the pub
  • Protective features of the constitution
    protective features of the constitution The United States’ democratic system includes certain features that are intended to protect against the abuse of the power by the government and public officials. Some protective features include: judicial review, impeachment process, freedom of expression, protection against unreasonable searches, equal protection under the law, and the rights of the accused. One important protective feature is judicial review. Judicial review is the power of the courts t
  • South Africa
    South Africa Language and Religion Afrikaans and English are the official languages. Afrikaans, derived from Dutch, is the mother tongue of the Afrikaners and the principal language of the Coloreds. More Afrikaners are bilingual than English-speakers. Most urban blacks speak English and Afrikaans in addition to their native language. The Bantu languages are not mutually intelligible. Many blacks speak Fanakalo, a lingua franca that developed among black workers in the mines. The politically infl
  • The civil war
    the civil war The Civil War During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods, there were many changes going on in the Union. The Emancipation Proclamation, as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism. As well, the government was involved in altercations of its own. During reconstruction, the legislative and e
  • The civil war
    the civil war The Civil War During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods, there were many changes going on in the Union. The Emancipation Proclamation, as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism. As well, the government was involved in altercations of its own. During reconstruction, the legislative and e
  • Affirmative Action misc3
    Affirmative Action misc3 Affirmative action is described as the term meant taking appropriate steps to eradicate the then widespread practices of racial, religious, and ethnic discrimination. The history of affirmative action starts a long time before this definition was stated during the early 1960\'s. It starts back to the Declaration of Independence where it states all men are created equal. It moves toward the Emancipation Proclamation, the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments which involved the
  • Crime and time misc
    Crime and time misc ANTI - CRIME CAMPAIGNINTRODUCTION The current rate of crime in our society has reached alarming proportions. ne senseless killings of innocent lives, the harassment of law abiding citizens, and loss of property istotally not accepted at all levels and walks of our society. The impact of reported and unreported incidents of crime continue to negate our newly founddemocracy with disastrous effects to our economy. Taking intq account the nearly 2 millionserious crimes reported l
  • 1920 KKK
    1920 KKK The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan The Knights of the Ku Klux Klan came into existence at the end of the War Between the States, during the period “Black Reconstruction.” Nathan Bedford Forest is the man who led the first Klan in 1867. During this period, most white people had lost their right to vote and illiterate blacks, with no history of civilized government, became the mass of the voting population. This resulted in vast crime, violence, and corruption against white southerners. At t
  • A room full of children
    A room full of children A room full ao children; to get to this room, you must go through the church entrance, take a right turn, go up the stairs and at the end of the hallway see two doors to thai room. Some of the kids seem to like going through the first door, but there are some kids who go through the secound door to get to the back seats first. As the children go in this room thier faces beam with joy as if they were for the first time in a movie theater. The teacher greets them one by one
  • Abraham Lincoln
    Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865), 16th PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES. Lincoln entered office at a critical period in U. S. history, just before the Civil War, and died from an assassin\'s bullet at the war\'s end, but before the greater implications of the conflict could be resolved. He brought to the office personal integrity, intelligence, and humanity, plus the wholesome characteristics of his frontier upbringing. He also had the liabilities of his upbringing--he was self-educated
  • An ideal husband
    an ideal husband At the Height of the Women\'s Movement Oscar Wilde\'s An Ideal Husband takes place in Great Britain in 1895. The women of the play perform a large role in the society. They have major contributions to the political and home life. The time period is at the height of the women\'s suffrage movement. It began in Britain in 1820 in response to James Mill\'s claim that there was no need to extend suffrage to women because their fathers and husbands would protect their interests. There
  • British Home Front WW1
    British Home Front WW1 Modern History Assessment Task #1 c) Britains immediate reaction to World War I was a combination of excited anticipation, curiosity and patriotism. The majority of people were swayed by the initial euphoria and the country settled into a state of patriotic unity. Initially, Britain was sure that the war would be over by Christmas. They had only ever before seen small outbreaks of conflict like the Russo-Japanese War, which was quiet insignificant when compared to the resu
  • Burton and his Auter
    Burton and his Auter It makes you realize how abstract the film industry, and life in general, really is how much of it is just based on things that are out of your control. -------------------------------- Tim Burton is just a man like any other man, except any other man is not Tim Burton. Tim Burton is a filmmaker. As a filmmaker, Burton has creative power over what he produces, directs, or even writes. His auteur, “a term in film criticism that is applied to a director who so dominates the fi
  • Our business is a veterinary clinic named Mini Mir
    BUS Our business is a veterinary clinic named Mini Miracles. For the good of our business we chose to be a general partnership. We chose this because, then we can combined both our talents to make a good business. Allisha being the secretary, handling most of the paperwork, and MaryAnn being the veterinarian dealing with the animals and the people. That way neither of us will be trying to handle both things at once so our business will run smoothly, and our customers will be happy. Our clinic is