Maslow

This essay has a total of 1812 words and 8 pages.


Maslow






ABRAHAM MASLOW

Born April1,1908 Abraham Maslow was the oldest of seven children born
to his parents in Brooklyn New York. Feeling pressure from his parents to
achieve academic greatness, Abraham went through early childhood with few
friends. Focusing mainly on his studies Maslow had a quiet and unfulfilling
adolescence.
Abraham started off his college career by attending city college in New
York were he began to study law, as his father had wanted him to do. He soon
lost interest and transferred to the University of Wisconsin and studied
psychology. Here Maslow received, in 1934, his Ph.D. During his college career
Abraham married his cousin Bertha Goodman, his parents did not approve of the
union and were saddened by it . While Maslow was at Wisconsin he met a man
named Harry Harlow, Harlow had a great affect on Maslow and his thinking .
Another one of Maslows role models was E.L Thorndike who got him interested
in human sexuality.
Abraham took a job at Brooklyn College ,it is here were he took interest in
humanistic psychology. And developed his theory on the “Hierarchy of Needs”,
and the idea of self-actualization. Maslow would go on to be one of the greatest
humanistic and behavioral psychologists to date.
Trying to get up that great big hill hope for his destination Abraham
Maslow created the hierarchy of needs. Which takes us from basic physical
needs to self -actualization.
Maslow believed each person was born with his or hers mental, creative ,
and social potential. It is as if each person is given an empty glass. Each glass is
a different size, some may be capable of holding 10oz others 20oz, it is only a
matter of filling them up. The problem is overcoming the obstacles, fulfilling your
needs in order to reach and achieve your full potential. these needs which must
be reached are illustrated in the pyramid below.








At the bottom of the pyramid is the physiological needs those basic needs
which ensure our survival. Water when we are thirsty, food when we are hungry,
the ability of our body to produce protein and sugars for muscle development.
These are the needs felt by all living creation not just humans, therefore the
simplest. You could say these are our basic instincts. Then when these needs
are met, we are able to move up the next rung of the ladder.
So know that I am not going to starve to death, I now am concerned about
being killed. These are my safety and security needs. A person buys a house so
he will be protected from the elements, we put locks on our doors so that no one
can come in. And it is not just a matter of keeping your body safe, but also your
hopes and dreams. People seek stability, for this they put money away for there
retirement. This is why we have rules and laws put into place, so that there might
be limits and social order. So when our physical needs are met we then find
something else to be concurred with fear. And when over come our anxieties we
then divert our attention to that which other people think of us.
Belonging needs are the next to be met on the pyramid. There you sit in
your house, nice and safe, your fat and happy . What do you need now?
Somebody to share your bounty and safety with. Belonging needs our those
feelings you have of wanting to be accepted. You feel the need for companions,
friends, a lover, a wife, you want to be apart of something. These needs are met
in a variety of ways, some good others bad. A person wanting to be apart of a
community might join a sports team of some kind, A gang, club, job,a family. All
are ways to meet this need. And if you do not meet these needs you might
become lonely, sad and depressed. As a wolf belongs to a pack so do we desire
to be a member of society.
Often times in order to feel that they belong, a person results to violence
and angry outburst to get the attention of others. In order to be a part of a gang
a person may have to kill some one as kind of test. When you do join that team
you put up with hazing and abuse. So in order to advance up the pyramid you
brought somebody down, or possibly even yourself.
Esteem needs, Maslow shows us two types of esteem needs. It is like a
type A and a type B. B the lesser of the two is the need of respect . Not just
being apart of the group but being needed by them. This is the type of need we
see fulfilled by Glory, fame, wealth, riches, power over others. The second type,
type A have you, is self-respect. It is the ability step back and look at yourself
and say well done. Confidence, that what you are is good.
You have climbed and climbed and finally you have reached the summit.
This is the point at which your cup is full. Self - actualization; Maslow says that
when we are truly self-actualized you have reached your potential and in some
sense fulfilled your destiny. It is almost as if you have become a different person
than you were before. Like a butterfly coming out of its cocoon. Your life, all the
hard work and perseverance in meeting all of your other needs has finally paid
off. You rise above the noise and confusion and are able to free. You are free to
do what you have been called to do , as a singer must sing and a painter must
Continues for 4 more pages >>