Media violence and its effects on children Essay

This essay has a total of 2308 words and 13 pages.

media violence and its effects on children




Introduction


Communications technology is expanding through the entire global community (Dyson 2).
Children everywhere are being born into a world of images and messages, which are largely
separated from their home, school and spiritual lives (Dyson 2). In society today
storytellers are seldom parents, grandparents, teachers or the clergy; instead they are
the handful of distant forces with something to sell (Dyson 2). What is unique about the
media industry is that in global and corporate domination they have become part of our
culture as well as our identity (Dyson 3). Social scientists and child advocates have
been exploring the effects of media for decades, yet it is only recently that the concern
has generated a public debate (Bok 3).



Historical


Disagreements concerning the effect of violence revealed in works of art and entertainment
have resonated over the centuries (Bok 41). We must ask ourselves whether or not our
versions of entertainment exhibits anymore violence then past forms of recreation, for
example gladiatorial games or public hangings (Bok 23).

Plato viewed human life as a pilgrimage from the appearance to reality (Bok 41). He also
believed that a piece of art had to be strictly censored when they depicted any form of
evil and cruelty (Bok 41). When an artist imitated what was bad, they add to the sum of
badness in the world (Bok 41). Both Plato and Aristotle pointed out, we as humans do find
delight in representations of objects and emotions that would consider different from real
life; most of us agree with Aristotle in refusing to believe that they are corrupt (Bok
41).

The Romans remain the prototype for violent entertainment at its most extreme (Bok 17).
It was a culture, which sanctioned tradition, foreign conquest was a domestic culture, and
weapons were easily available (Bok 17). The treatment of newborns and slaves within the
home extended to crucifixions and other brutal punishments (Bok 17). Though on a whole
the Romans did not criticize their choice of entertainment, one philosopher, Seneca, did.


To exhibit the slaughter of eighteen elephants in the
Circus, pitting criminals against them in a mimic battle
[and] thought it a notable kind of spectacle to kill human
beings after a new fashion. Do they fight to the death?
That is not enough! Are they torn to pieces? That is not
Enough! Let them be crushed by animals of monstrous
Bulk! (Bok 18)

Such entertainment was so popular that most military encampments had their own
amphitheaters, and hundreds of others were built for the public around the Empire (Bok
19).

No people before or after were so centred around displays of mortal combat as did the
Romans (Bok 15). The only difference between today's society and that of the one during
the last two centuries B.C., other than the degree of violence, is the openness of debates
(Bok 20). Our institutions allow for open discussion and debate that the Romans were
unable to have (Bok 20). People during all periods of time have derived some sort of
sensual, aesthetic and even at time erotic thrills from viewing violent act (Bok 28). It
would be unfair to conclude that in today's society such spectators and consumers of media
are guided by no other motive (Bok 28).


Extreme Acts in Recent History


Though there has always been crime and violence never has there been such extreme acts, as
the few which have been committed in the recent years. One very well known instance was
the brutal death of James Bulger a British toddler. The movie Child's Play 3 was under
debate when two ten-year old boys tormented and murdered the child (Bok 38). The Film was
then criticized when Suzanne Capper was kidnapped, tortured and set on fire as the group
of young acquaintances chanted: "I'm Chucky. Wanna play?" (Bok 38).

Another even more recent and closer incident was the Columbine massacre. There is a
striking similarity between the US incident and the actions which were occurring in Kosovo
at the time (Rosenblatt 1999). A tribe of haters is Serbia and an ad hoc tribe of haters
in Colorado (Rosenblatt 1999). In both of these cases the individuals discover self-worth
by hating an enemy (Rosenblatt 1999). Another similarity is the built up anger for such a
long period of time and then a final explosion in murderous fury (Rosenblatt 1999). After
such an event there is always an increase in certain emotions within the community. For
example fewer teens feel safe in schools today (33%) than shortly after the Columbine
killings (42%) (Morse 2000). Nearly one third of all teens say they have witnessed a
violent act at school (Morse 2000).


Television


We as Canadian live in a nation where almost all households have at least one television
set (Ledingham 1993). Not only is the amount of television being viewed an issue but the
content and the lack of parental overview also play an extreme role (Dyson 11). After
finishing grade 12 the average child will have spent between 3,000 to 4,000 hours watching
broadcast television alone than in the classroom (Dyson 11). What is even more
astonishing that it is estimated that they will have witnessed 8,000 murders and more than
100,000 acts of violence by the time they leave elementary school (Dyson 11). As
technology improves and the amount of violent entertainment increases, images becoming
more graphic and results in a more realistic portray of violence (Bok 25). Television
viewing affects children of different ages in different ways (Ledingham 1993). While a
children my spend many hours in front of a television set at an early age the programming
has little effect (Ledingham 1993). At the age of two a child will imitate the actions of
the live model, example a parent more than a model on television (Ledingham 1993).
However by the age of three the child will begin to imitate the t.v. characters (Ledingham
1993). The attitudes toward television drastically change over a child's life (Ledingham
1993). When researching the effects of television various points need to be taken into
consideration, certain issues effect people in different ways, for example pornography
(Dyson 3). However, most parents do not realize that whether aggression is presented in a
realistic way or in a cartoon, it makes no difference to a child who has a difficult time
differentiating between the two (Ledingham 1993).

Exposure to violence is not believed to increase aggression, but being aggressive
increases preference for violent television (Ledingham 1993). Children observe what is
considered novel aggressive behavior and learn vicariously that aggressive acts are
rewarded (Ledingham 1993). The more the child can relate to the characters in the program
the more likely they will be to emulate the characters actions (Ledingham 1993). Not only
do the actions of a child reflect the programs viewed but watching a violent program
causes desensitization (Ledingham 1993).

There is a widespread agreement that television habits can be harmful (Bok 54).
Psychologically speaking the effects can be devastating. A 1993 report by the American
Psychological Association stated:


- Viewing violence increases fear of becoming a
Victim of violence, with an increase in self-
Protective behavior and an increase in mistrust.
- Viewing violence increases desensitization to
Violence, resulting in callused attitudes
Toward violence.
- Violent programming increases the viewers
Appetite for becoming involved or exposing
Themselves to violence.
Continues for 7 more pages >>




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