Medieval times

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medieval times

Human Genome Project A genome is defined as the complete collection of an organisms
genetic material. The human genome is composed of about 50,000 to 100,000 genes located on
23 pairs of chromosomes in a human cell. It is said that a single human chromosome may
contain more than 250 million DNA base pairs, and it is estimated that the entire human
genome consists of about 3 billion base pairs. The DNA is gathered through blood samples
taken from many different people. Though each person has a unique set of DNA the
difference in a given pair of samples is less than 1 percent making the differences pale
in comparison to the similarities. The Human Genome Project is an international
collaboration of scientists who's goal is to gain a basic understanding of the genetic
blueprint of a human being. This information is found in each cell of the body, encoded in
the DNA. The intent of this project is to identify all genes in the nucleus of a human
cell, to map where those genes are on the chromosomes of the nucleus, and to determine the
seqeuncing or the order of these chemical subunits of the DNA. The idea to undertake such
a project was came about through a series of scientific conferences held between 1985 and
1987. The actual project ,however, did not begin until 1990 with the expansion of funding
from the NIH and DOE. There are many nations involved with this project as part of an
informal pact including France, Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and many other
european nations. Also in an effort to speed up the mapping and sequencing process several
private companies have been enlisted to help such as Celera Genomics. Today there is a lot
of research being done under the umbrella of the Human Genome Project. For instince gene
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