Paper on Military

This essay has a total of 740 words and 4 pages.


Military Organizational Structure

The Toad Military Organizational Structure Organization involves a intentional formalized
structure of roles. People working together towards a common goal, but in specialized
areas. The overall effectiveness of any particular association is directly proportional to
the functioning of its members. As a firm increases in size the participants lose sight of
the concept of teamwork. To maintain the competitive edge a corporation must remain
flexible. To this end, varying styles of organizational structure have been implemented.
Much of this framework is determined by the business type, goals to be achieved, and even
the sociological level of advancement. Our armed forces today reflect this philosophy.
Traditionally the military has used a rigid organizational structure. A well defined chain
of command is used to delegate responsibilities, even to this day. Divisionalization
structure was a common style to maintain a self-contained support and service center. As
pointed out by Dessler, this style requires more managers with general management
abilities (401). Most subordinate's job is to follow instructions from the higher level
(Adams 102). This behavior has been reinforced by a high level of discipline, required for
battlefield operations. As technology has redefined combat operations, so has the
organizational and management style changed. The military organization today is based upon
a geographic departmentalization structure. A specific section is tasked to go into a
special area first should the need arise. This metamorphosis is a requirement due to the
reduced number of personnel and the need for quick worldwide responsiveness. These numbers
alone are not sufficient for adequate results in reaction to many needed operations. To
make up for the lack of qualified people, the reserve forces are part of the new
reactionary force. In any contingency worldwide these assets may be called up with short
notice for global engagement. National Guard personnel serve under the command authority
of their respective state or territorial governors until mobilized for a federal mission.
This unique status does involve some creative managerial solutions. As a National Guard
member I have noticed a uncommon organizational structure utilized. In some ways my unit
is organized as a network system. The network is comprised of formal and informal
structures. Work has been divided among varies specialized shops centering around
maintaining expertise in that one area. Other aspects of the unit show a matrix structure
to be present. The fact I have more than one supervisor, as in a project and functional
manager illustrate (Wheelen and Hunger 231). This is manifested by the emphasis that work
is important not the formal structure surrounding it (Nohria and Eccles 193). A result of
multitasking requirements and a limited amount of resources available to non-federal
units. But overall, at least upon the surface a functional organizational structure is
present. A boundaryless organizational design is an interesting concept. However not
practical in the military work environment. In my shop alone there are individuals who
need to know who is in charge, or they would be nonproductive. A formal, functional
structure, or at least be able to work within one must be maintained. Being accustomed to
this style makes the transition of working with our active duty counterparts much easier.
Yet our informal network based, matrix style organization is focused upon completing the
mission with all our resources, not solely upon described duty roles. The military
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