Ming and Ottoman Empires Essay

This essay has a total of 1733 words and 7 pages.

Ming and Ottoman Empires



Timothy S. Palko
World History II
Dr. Skaff
MWF 2:00-2:50

World power can be seen today in two very different but extremely vast empires. They are
the Ming Empire and the Ottoman Empire. To contrast these empires in order to predict
their futures, it is necessary that I observe and analyze key factors such as leadership,
military strengths and weaknesses, and morals among the people. The two empires have
different types of leadership, and from this it is possible to find the core of any
disadvantage. From the leadership, it is possible to continue into the military and
values that these empires embody. The Ming Empire is led by brilliant philosophical
scholars, “The man who is promoted to the higher degrees in this field prides himself on
the fact that he has in truth attained to the pinnacle of Chinese happiness”
(Andrea/Overfield 116). The Ottoman Empire has dedicated and knowledgeable leaders as
well, but they are of a more warlike and brutish character. “These leaders rise in service
by merit alone” (Andrea/Overfield p.88). Indulging in the writings of Matteo Ricci, who
observed first hand the workings of the Ming government, and the writings of Ogier
Ghiselin de Busbecq, who observed the government under Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire,
the prediction of success will be able to be made knowledgably.

The Ottoman Empire began around 1300 as a “tiny state built on the strength of an army of
Turkish nomad warriors and a few Christian converts to Islam in northwestern Anatolia”
(Bulliet 601). It quickly proved to be a military strength and threat to the surrounding
civilizations. The Turks expanded their empire through brilliant military tactics,
including using Janissaries on foot, who used the new weapon called a gun in battle, and
the same horseback archery that made them so successful in their previous military
accomplishments. The selection of Turkish leaders has greatly influenced the success of
the Ottoman Empire. “A Turks grandeur is not defined by his birth, however; the respect
to be paid to a man is measured by the position he holds in the public service”
(Andrea/Overfield 88). The men who attain office are not the products of hereditary luck,
but “partly the gift of God, and partly the result of good training, great industry, and
unwearied zeal” (Andrea/Overfield p.88). De Busbecq was greatly impressed by the way that
these Turks found their leadership; he made it a point to describe their feelings towards
it in detail.

De Busbecq also wrote extensively about the military strengths of the Ottoman. The
soldiers of the Ottoman army are well trained and experienced in the arts of warfare and
survival. The distances they must travel are so great, that the soldiers often have to
carry a pack horse “on which they carry many of the necessaries of life” (Andrea/Overfield
89). The weapon that was affluent and extremely effective among the soldiers is the
Turkish bow. “From the eighth, or even the seventh year of age they begin to shoot at a
mark, and practice archery ten or twelve years. This constant exercise strengthens the
muscles of their arms, and gives them such skill that they can hit the smallest marks with
their arrows” (Andrea/Overfield p.89). The great riches and skilled military forces have
served this Empire well to this day. The Turks also showed very little ignorance towards
new advancements in technology originated in other parts of the world. “There is no
nation that has shown greater readiness than the Turks to avail themselves of the useful
inventions of foreigners, as is proved by their employment of cannons and mortars, and
many other things invented by Christians” (Andrea/Overfield p.89). These open-minded and
innovative new ways of becoming a powerful country greatly impressed De Busbecq. It is
true that no empire is without flaw, and the Ottoman is no exception.

The role of Sultan in the Ottoman Empire was a hereditary role, the exception to their
other laws about leadership. “The sons of a Turkish Sultans are in the most wretched
position in the world, for, as soon as one of them succeeds his father, the rest are
doomed to certain death” Andrea/Overfield p.90). The successor will certainly kill all the
other sons in order to secure his rule. Towards the end of Suleiman I’s reign as Sultan
among the Turks, jealousy and betrayal brought great criticism against the Sultan. He had
a son by a Crimean concubine; the son’s name was Mustafa. He had other children as well,
but their mother was a Russian woman by the name of Roxelana. Mustafa had proved himself
a great soldier and a favorite of the Ottoman people to take over the throne. Through
lies, selfishness, and trickery, Roxelana had her way and Mustafa was murdered by a group
Continues for 4 more pages >>




  • Ayasofya
    ayasofya Architecture, the practice of building design and its resulting products; customary usage refers only to those designs and structures that are culturally significant. Architecture is to building as literature is to the printed word. Vitruvius, a 1st-century BC Roman, wrote encyclopedically about architecture, and the English poet Sir Henry Wotton was quoting him in his charmingly phrased dictum: "Well building hath three conditions: Commoditie, Firmenes, and Delight." More prosaically,
  • Mother Teresa
    Mother Teresa Mother Teresa was a wonderful woman and a great influence on the world today. She was born in 1910 in Macedonia with the name Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She was born into a family of deeply religious Catholics. Agnes felt she got the calling to work for God at the young age of fourteen. She joined the Loreto order and went to Bengal, India, to start her studies. In 1937, Agnes took her final vows to become a nun and has done much great work in the world since. Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu was
  • None Provided3
    None Provided3 Mother Teresa was a wonderful woman and a great influence on the world today. She was born in 1910 in Macedonia with the name Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She was born into a family of deeply religious Catholics. Agnes felt she got the calling to work for God at the young age of fourteen. She joined the Loreto order and went to Bengal, India, to start her studies. In 1937, Agnes took her final vows to become a nun and has done much great work in the world since. Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu wa
  • Vlad Tepes
    Vlad Tepes Many people know of Dracula from the movie or novel of Bram Stoker’s Dracula, and are aware that there is was a true historical Dracula. Bram Stoker penned his immortal classic, "Dracula", he based his vampire villain on a Romanian historical figure. Stoker\'s model was Vlad III Dracula ( Tepes - The Impaler), a fifteenth century viovode of Wallachia of the princely House of Basarab. Wallachia (Tara Romaneasca) is a provence of Romania bordered to the north by Transylvania and Moldavi
  • Armenian Genocide
    Armenian Genocide Why was the Armenian Genocide Forgotten? GENOCIDE By definition genocide is the organized killing of a people for the express purpose of putting an end to their collective existence (Webster’s dictionary). As a rule, the organizing agent is the nation, the victim population is a domestic minority, and the end result is the near total death of a society. The Armenian genocide generally conforms to this simple definition. FORGOTTEN The Armenian genocide is a hidden, almost lost p
  • Armenian Genocide1
    Armenian Genocide1 Why was the Armenian Genocide Forgotten? GENOCIDE By definition genocide is the organized killing of a people for the express purpose of putting an end to their collective existence (Webster’s dictionary). As a rule, the organizing agent is the nation, the victim population is a domestic minority, and the end result is the near total death of a society. The Armenian genocide generally conforms to this simple definition. FORGOTTEN The Armenian genocide is a hidden, almost lost
  • Byzantine Empire
    Byzantine Empire The greatest of medieval civilizations was the Eastern Roman Empire. The Roman Empire was divided in 395. The Western half, ruled from Rome, was ruled by the barbarians in the 5th century. The Eastern half, known as the Byzantine Empire, lasted for more than over 1,000 years. The Byzantine Empire was one of the leading civilizations in the world. In 324, Constantine, the first Christian emperor, became the single ruler of the Roman Empire. He set up his Eastern headquarters at t
  • Early Civilizations1
    Early Civilizations1 EARLY CIVILIZATIONS AND THE DAWN OF THE MEDIEVAL AGE 1.0 Introduction History is an account of mans achievements during the last five thousand years. Though man has been on this planet for about 500,000 years, history only covers a part of this period. The reason for this is that history is essentially based on written documents However the art of writing become known to man, only after 3000 B. C. 1.1 History : Meaning and Importance The word history is derived from the G
  • Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky
    Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky Hetman Bohdan Khmelnytsky Bohdan Zenoviy Khmelnytsky was one of the most influencial rulers of Eastern Europe, but not known as well as other great leaders such as Napoleon, because of the way he led the great Ukrainian uprising, or The Great Revolt of 1648 (Subtelny, 123). Born about 1595, though the exact date and place is unknown, Khmelnytsky was the son of a minor Ukrainian nobleman named Mykhaylo Khmelnytsky. Mykhaylo served the royal Hetman Stanislaw Zolkiewski an
  • Justinian
    Justinian By the end of the Byzantine reign the culture was composed of Greek, Roman, European (Christian) and Islamic elements. Although a synthesis of the four was evident, Christianity was always the dominant force in the thoughts of man, due mainly to the enforcement by the State. Visigoths did not sack the Eastern Empire in the fifth century; therefore the Empire and its policies remained intact unlike the west. The fifth century was a critical time in the Eastern Empire\'s history, for thi
  • Ming and Ottoman Empires
    Ming and Ottoman Empires Timothy S. Palko World History II Dr. Skaff MWF 2:00-2:50 World power can be seen today in two very different but extremely vast empires. They are the Ming Empire and the Ottoman Empire. To contrast these empires in order to predict their futures, it is necessary that I observe and analyze key factors such as leadership, military strengths and weaknesses, and morals among the people. The two empires have different types of leadership, and from this it is possible to find
  • The Balkan troubles
    The Balkan troubles I. Introduction Print section Balkan Wars, two consecutive wars fought from 1912 to 1913 among the countries of the Balkan Peninsula for possession of European territories held by the Ottoman Empire. The Balkan Wars severely damaged European alliances and helped kindle the volatile conditions that led to the outbreak of World War I (1914-1918). II. Background Print section At the close of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, the Treaty of Berlin, signed on July 13, 1878, provi
  • Zionism
    Zionism For at least two thousand years Jews were dispersed all over the world. Some of them inevitably assimilated with other nations. Yet many kept their identity as a nation by staying loyal to their religious faith and by their desire to survive as one people preserving common racial features and cultural traditions. Some European anti-Jewish tendencies and the suspicious attitude to Jews in oriental cultures contributed to their solidarity. For centuries Jews cherished the idea of returning
  • Arabic literature
    arabic literature Anthony Baldino Mr. Crudele English IV December 10, 2000 Arabic Literature I. 1. Many would say that the Arabian culture has contributed the most to our culture in the areas of science and philosophy. 2. However they have also contributed much in the area of literature. 3. You can see there influences in the books before you. II. 1. Possibly the oldest form of Arabian literature are the qasida witch is a kind of lyrical poem that expresses a noble feeling. - These early poems w
  • Armenian
    armenian A genocide is the organized killing of a group of people for the express purpose of putting an end to their collective existence. As a rule the organizing agency is the state, the victim population is a domestic minority, and the end result is the near total death of a society. The Armenian Genocide conforms to this simple definition. In 1915 the Young Turk government of the Ottoman Empire proceeded with plans to eliminate the Armenians. By 1918 it had succeeded in destroying most of th
  • Charles V
    Charles V "In 1519, Charles Hapsburg became Charles V. Roman Emperor. Discuss and analyze the political, social, and religious problems he faced over the course of his imperial reign of 1519-1556." Born at Ghent, 1500; died at Yuste, in Spain, 1558; Charles V. Roman Emperor, was a descendant of the house of Hapsburg, and to this descent owed his sovereignty over so many lands that it was said of him that the sun never set on his dominions. As soon as Charles received his title of emperor of the
  • Frontier of Prisoner Treatment
    Frontier of Prisoner Treatment In ancient times prisoners of war were usually treated without mercy. With Greeks, for example, it was common practice to kill the whole adult male population of a conquered state. The ancient Britons also killed their prisoners in a screwed up way. The Ottoman Turks executed 30,000 Christian prisoners during the War of Candia. In Western Europe, however, as chivalry spread in late medieval times and the practice of sparing and ransoming prisoners was started. The
  • Impact of Ottoman Rule on the political life of Cy
    Impact of Ottoman Rule on the political life of Cyprus I. Cyprus has almost always been under outside rule. Its location, which is at the meeting point of three continents, has made it a target for other conquering peoples for almost twenty centuries. The Mycenaean Greeks settled there in the 13th century BC. They introduced Greek language and culture to Cyprus, which are still preserved to this day. Cyprus has been conquered by peoples such as Alexander the Great, the Romans, the Byzantines, th
  • Progressive Historians
    Progressive Historians One must decide the meaning of progressive historiography. It can mean either the history written by progressive historians, or it can mean history written by historians of the Progressive era of American history and shortly after. The focus that was chosen for this paper is more in keeping with the latter interpretation, if for no other reason than it provides a useful compare-and-contrast control literature. The caveat is this: the focus of this report is on the pr
  • Crisis in Kosovo
    Crisis in Kosovo The tension in Kosovo has existed for centuries, dating back as far as 1389 when Serbs lost an epic battle to the Ottoman Turks in Kosovo. Not until 1912, more than 500 years later did the Serbs regain control when Kosovo became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. With the conclusion of World War II, as an absolute monarchy under the name Yugoslavia, the country became a communist republic. Autonomy was grante
  • Conflict between religions
    conflict between religions The conflict between the Christians and the Muslims, between 1098 and 1229, was the result of political unrest; which was fueled the Muslims migrating into the Christian holy lands, lead by Pope Urban II and carried on, throughout latter centuries by his followers. What follows is a story of war, holy visions,unholy alliances, promises made with fingers crossed, sieges and slaughters, the details of which fill volumes. Christianity, in its infancy, was a very threatene
  • Turkey
    turkey Religion Islam is a monotheistic religion practiced by Muslims. They believe that Allah gave revelations to the Prophet Muhammed through the Angel Gabriel around A.D. 600. Jesus Christ and the prophets of the New Testament are accepted as Islamic precepts. During their rule of the Ottoman Empire, Islamic laws dictated the way of life for the Turks. In 1924 with the new republic government, Islamic Law was abolished as a state religion. The government removed religion from public policy an
  • Causes of ww1
    causes of ww1 Pre World War I Europe was known as a "Proud Tower." However due to Nationalism, Militarism, Imperialism, and alliances it would soon fall. It goes back as far back as 1870. The Franco-Prussian War was one of these casues. There were sevral Franco-Prussian Wars. The last Franco-Prussian War started in 1870. Prussia was in a confederation. A confederation is a group of states that are loosely joined together and have more power than the government of the whole country. Prussia was t
  • World Today
    World Today The world today, more than ever, is a steadly shrinking planet, as new technology allows us to cross boundaries and attempt feats that were once only dreams of science fiction novelists. Yet, even as progress roots out old ways of life, and new technology makes obsolete time honored traditions, we never lose sight of the rich cultures to which our earth is home. Even today, the world is still a colorful and vibrant place, filled with a myriad of exotic cultures, each with its own un
  • Desert Storm
    Desert Storm The Persian Gulf War War was inevitable in the Gulf and it was a war in which Iraq was inevitability to lose. There were several reasons why this was and became a reality. How, when, where did this process of self destruction begin? It was quite evident that Saddam Hussein. the president of Iraq, was becoming a military giant in the Middle East and therefore a threat to the stability of the entire region. His war with Iran was proof of this. The U.S. and other industrialized Wester
  • Matthew Henson
    Matthew Henson Great Men Have Great Assistants As I stood there on the top of the world and I thought of the hundreds of men who had lost their lives in their effort to reach it [North Pole], I felt profoundly grateful that I had the honor of representing my race. With these words, Matthew Henson planted the American flag on the North Pole. During the past, black Americans have not received the acknowledgement they deserved. Such was the case of Matthew A. Henson. He was the first person to d
  • Analysis on Bulgaria
    Analysis on Bulgaria External historical events often changed Bulgaria\'s national boundaries in its first century of existence, natural terrain features defined most boundaries after 1944, and no significant group of people suffered serious economic hardship because of border delineation. Postwar Bulgaria contained a large percentage of the ethnic Bulgarian people, although numerous migrations into and out of Bulgaria occurred at various times. None of the country\'s borders was officially dis
  • British Influence in the Middle East
    British Influence in the Middle East British Middle East Policy in the Late 1930\'s: Middle East was seen as the central junction for the communication of the British global empire. The British were clearly the dominant powerhouse of the late 30\'s throughout much of Europe and the Middle East. The shortest sea connection between Britain and India was through the Suez Canal, while the air and land routes connected Africa and Egypt to Palestine and the Middle East. This area was also a major sou
  • The Crusades
    The Crusades The Byzantine Empire controlled most of the land on the Mediterranean Sea in the AD 500s. In the 600s, Arab Muslims conquered Palestine, which included Jerusalem and other sacred Christian areas. However, the Arab Rulers allowed Christians to visit the shrines. Later, in the 1000s, Sejuk Turks from Central Asia conquered this area. The Turks destroyed the Byzantines in 1071 and the Turks became Muslims. They made it hard for Christian Pilgrims to get to the holy places. In 1095,
  • Armenian genocide
    armenian genocide When the word genocide is perceived the thought of the Jewish holocaust is what usually comes to mind. Hitler’s war against the Jewish population was well published and placed in the eyes of almost all. Yet what of the American and Cambodian genocide. These nations had fallen into the same hell on earth but no one spoke of the horrors that lurked in their everyday life. Before the genocide of 1915 more than 2 million Americans lived in Turkey today only about 60,000 still rema
  • Armenians
    armenians Through my research, of the websites and book listed in the works cited section of my paper, I have found that the Young Turks have been an important part of Turkish and Armenian history. The young Turks were a coalition of reform groups that led a revolutionary movement against the Ottoman Empires Sultan Abdulhamid the Second. They opposed him because of the absolute power he had, and because they wanted to eliminate foreign influence, and to restore Turkish pride. The Young Turks mo
  • Causes of WWI
    causes of WWI What Were the Causes of World War I? Some people believe that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was the primary cause of World War I, but it was just one event that triggered the conflict. Many other events and political beliefs combined to lead thirty-two nations into war. Resentments from earlier wars, advances in technology and military strength and a chain of alliances all contributed to the first "Great War" of the Twentieth Century. The United
  • Causes of WWI
    causes of WWI What Were the Causes of World War I? Some people believe that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was the primary cause of World War I, but it was just one event that triggered the conflict. Many other events and political beliefs combined to lead thirty-two nations into war. Resentments from earlier wars, advances in technology and military strength and a chain of alliances all contributed to the first "Great War" of the Twentieth Century. The United
  • Causes of WWI
    causes of WWI What Were the Causes of World War I? Some people believe that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary was the primary cause of World War I, but it was just one event that triggered the conflict. Many other events and political beliefs combined to lead thirty-two nations into war. Resentments from earlier wars, advances in technology and military strength and a chain of alliances all contributed to the first "Great War" of the Twentieth Century. The United
  • Greek Independence
    Greek Independence Greek Independence The Greek war of Independence was the result of several factors. One of the most important events was the Orlov Rebellion of 1778-79. Inspired by the belief that Russia’s war with the Turks that countries were ready to liberate all the Christians in the Ottoman Empire, a short-lived uprising took place in the Peloponnesus, in the beginning of 1778. This venture however failed because of poor organisation, but it set a model for violent resistance to Ottoman
  • Hisroy
    hisroy Early Civilizations By: Jeff EARLY CIVILIZATIONS AND THE DAWN OF THE MEDIEVAL AGE 1.0 Introduction History is an account of mans achievements during the last five thousand years. Though man has been on this planet for about 500,000 years, history only covers a part of this period. The reason for this is that history is essentially based on written documents However the art of writing become known to man, only after 3000 B. C. 1.1 History : Meaning and Importance The word history is de
  • Plants and Diseases
    Plants and Diseases PLANTS AND DISEASES IN THE WESTERN WORLD In 1215, a man named Marco Polo embarked on a journey towards Western Asia and China. His reason for going to Asia was to gain spices, silks, and other luxurious items only the Asians made. Along his journey, Polo soon realized that the Earth was larger than he thought and that there must be some easier way to get to china. Not too long after his journey, the Ottoman Turks conquouered Constantinople. Constantinople (present day Istanb
  • Plants and Diseases That Ravaged The Western Hemis
    Plants and Diseases That Ravaged The Western Hemisphere PLANTS AND DISEASES IN THE WESTERN WORLD In 1215, a man named Marco Polo embarked on a journey towards Western Asia and China. His reason for going to Asia was to gain spices, silks, and other luxurious items only the Asians made. Along his journey, Polo soon realized that the Earth was larger than he thought and that there must be some easier way to get to china. Not too long after his journey, the Ottoman Turks conquouered Constantinople
  • The Young Turks
    The Young Turks Through my research, of the websites and book listed in the works cited section of my paper, I have found that the Young Turks have been an important part of Turkish and Armenian history. The young Turks were a coalition of reform groups that led a revolutionary movement against the Ottoman Empires Sultan Abdulhamid the Second. They opposed him because of the absolute power he had, and because they wanted to eliminate foreign influence, and to restore Turkish pride. The Young Tu
  • TO WHAT EXTENT WAS CHRISTIANITY A UNIFYING INFLUEN
    TO WHAT EXTENT WAS CHRISTIANITY A UNIFYING INFLUENCE IN THE HISTORY OF EUROPE Europe was a Christian creation, not only in essence but in minute detail The above statement can perhaps best sum up the relationship between Christianity and Europe throughout the ages. Christianity has been the strongest single influence in the history of Europe. Regardless of the century, no discussion would be complete without reference being made, at least in small part, to the Church. It is true that in recen
  • WW2 propaganda
    WW2 propaganda Needless to say, every one of the wars just mentioned was advertised as a defensive, moralistic, and completely national expedition. Bismarck even went so far as to make an unworkable treaty with Austria so that he could claim, when Austria broke it, that he was waging war in defense of the sacredness of treaties. But no one should be deceived by such propaganda. All these wars were waged in order to maintain certain groups in control in the belligerent countries. The third class
  • Arab Nationalism
    Arab Nationalism Arab nationalism is defined as the idea that Arabs constitute a single distinctive nation united by a history and common language of Arabic. It is the quest for a national identity and struggle for political power in the Fertile Cresent. Arab nationalism is a fairly new concept; it’s only about one hundred years old. It did not really develop until after world war one. It is basically he result of three major influenced: 1.) The breakup of the Ottoman Empire after world war one
  • From Pera to Beyoglu
    From Pera to Beyoglu From Pera to Beyoglu Beyoglu, especially for the past century, has been a very important settlement and is one of the most valuable parts of the big and historical Istanbul (Arkan, 1993, p. 15). Istanbul has been a meeting point for many different cultures and religions throughout the history; ... connected religious and ethnic groups; Turks, Russian, Ermenian, Rum, Nasturi, Arabian, Gypsy, French, Catholic, Levanten, Sirbian, Bulgarian, Chinese, Tatarian, Jewish, Italia
  • Pachewychewy chomp
    pachewychewy chomp Progressive Historians By: Bambi One must decide the meaning of progressive historiography. It can mean either the history written by progressive historians, or it can mean history written by historians of the Progressive era of American history and shortly after. The focus that was chosen for this paper is more in keeping with the latter interpretation, if for no other reason than it provides a useful compare-and-contrast control literature. The caveat is this: the foc
  • TURKEYKURDS conflict
    TURKEYKURDS conflict Turkey\'s key internal conflict centers on the role of its large Kurdish minority, ethnically and linguistically distinct, in a state that constitutionally consists of Turks. This issue has been with Turkey almost since the foundation of the Turkish State in 1923. The Kurds were promised the creation of an independent state as part of the treaty of Sevres in 1920 but this part of the treaty was never ratified and Turkey has refused to recognize the existence of a separate K
  • Middle class
    Middle class Middle Class The previous chapter has shown that between 1000 and 1750 AD, the population of the world has increased by 480 million people, of which 21 %, or about 102 millions lived in Europe. Between 1750 and 1800 AD the world\'s population has grown by 190 millions, which is not much by later standards, and of which Europe\'s share was 27 % that adds up to 51 million people. That was the first time in history that Europe\'s share, which included North America and Oceania, surpas
  • Arab-Israeli conflict
    Arab-Israeli conflict The Arab-Israeli conflict is one of the most prolonged and bloody conflicts in not only modern history, but in the ancient world as well. The roots of the conflict, as well as the arguments on both sides, are as diversified and complicated as the conflict itself. The Israelites started to conquer and settle the "land of Canaan," which is present day Israel, in 1250 B.C.. King Solomon ruled the Israelites and the land of Israel from 961-922 B.C.. Following his reign, Israel
  • Armenian genocide
    armenian genocide By the late 1880\'s there were approximately 2,500,000 Armenian people living in the Ottoman Empire. Since World War I, the number of Armenians in Turkey has barely reached more than 120,000. The difference can be accounted for in the large number of Armenians who were slaughtered or forced to flee to other countries in the period from 1894 to 1921. The tension began when Armenians in the eastern provinces of the Ottoman Empire started to impress upon the people the idea of Arm
  • Othello and Iago - Two of a kind?
    Othello and Iago - Two of a kind? When reading Shakespeare\'s "Othello the Moor of Venice", the two main hero\'s seem to be very different, both in character and actions. Othello seems to be an honest man who believes other people. He is respected by society for his nobility and bravery. Iago is a villain, plotting around not only against Othello. Othello demotes him to a lower status, and despite beeing a trained soldier, Iago is quite a coward when it comes to confronting an enemy with a sword
  • Mother Teresa
    Mother Teresa By: Jacqi E-mail: JACQIPAPA@aol.com Mother Teresa was a wonderful woman and a great influence on the world today. She was born in 1910 in Macedonia with the name Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu. She was born into a family of deeply religious Catholics. Agnes felt she got the calling to work for God at the young age of fourteen. She joined the Loreto order and went to Bengal, India, to start her studies. In 1937, Agnes took her final vows to become a nun and has done much great work in the wo