MODERADOS Y PROGRESISTAS DURANTE LA MINORIA DE ISA Essay

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MODERADOS Y PROGRESISTAS DURANTE LA MINORIA DE ISABEL: EL ESTATUTO REAL Y LA CONSTITUCION DE 1837

Tras la muerte de Fernando VII su hija Isabel fue proclamada reina.
Moderados y progresistas agrupaban de forma caotica a todos los liberales, los primeros
incluso a algunos absolutistas moderados.

El 6 de Octubre de 1833 la regente Maria Cristina adopto una medida para acercarse al
liberalismo: la declaracion de indulto general y de amnistia

El primer gobierno de Maria cristina estuvo presidido por Cea Bermudez. Francisco Martinez
de la Rosa dio el primer paso hacia las reformas politicas liberales.


El Estatuto Real tuvo vigencia de 1834-1836 tenia un caracter ideologico conservador. Es
Soberania Real. Estructuraba las Cortes en dos camaras: El Estamento de proceres de
designacion real y el Estamento de procuradores que no llegaba al 0,2% del total de la
poblacion(sufragio censitario). No habia declaracion de derechos y las camaras carecian de
poder e iniciativa legislativa tampoco habia separacion de poderes.


La Constitucion de 1837 tuvo vigencia de 1837-1845 tenia un caracter ideologico
progresista y la soberania es nacional. Hay separacion de poderes por un lado el
ejecutivo: el rey y el Consejo de Ministros y por otro el legislativo que eran las Cortes
que se estructuraban el Congreso y Senado. El sufragio censitario era del 4,5 al 6% de la
poblacion.

Hubo declaracion de los siguientes derechos del ciudadano:
1.Igualdad ante la ley: supresion de los privilegios: Se acaba con los privilegios
fiscales de la nobleza y el clero. Todos contribuyen fiscalmente de manera proporcional a
sus riquezas

2.Libertad economica: Para que la libertad economica fuera efectiva se suprimio la Mesta y
sus privilegios. Tambien se declaro la libertad de industria: cualquier espanol podria
iniciar una actividad industrial sin necesidad de ningun permiso

3.Desvinculacion y supresion de mayorazgos: El mayorazgo consistia en que las propiedades
vinculadas a un titulo nobiliario trasmitian integramente al mayor de los hijos. Los demas
solo podian aspirar a otras partes de la herencia. Era una manera de conservar la grandeza
y el poder de las casas aristocraticas evitando que el patrimonio desapareciera como
consecuencia de sucesivos repartos.

4.Desamortizaciones eclesiasticas: Supusieron la nacionalizacion de los bienes de la
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