Mohandus Gandhi Essay

This essay has a total of 1173 words and 5 pages.

Mohandus Gandhi



Mohandus Gandhi has had many influences on the world today. He was born on October 2nd,
1869 in Porbandar, West India. He became one of the most respected, spiritual and
political leaders of the 1900's. He acquired the name Mahatma, which means "soul force”.
He helped free the Indian people through nonviolent resistance, also given the name
satyagraha, instead of the violent warfare that was being used by Britain. Gandhi also
promoted social and economic reforms. He is still honored by his people today, as the
father of the Indian nation.

Life in India during the time of Gandhi was not very pleasant for an Indian. British ruled
most of India and they were racist and prejudice against the Indians and any other
minority. Indians were forced to degrade themselves in public. They were not even allowed
to walk on the same cement sidewalk or ride in the same passenger cart on a train, if
there was no room to spare on the 3rd class cart, their only choice was to ride outside on
top of the train. Gandhi's subliminal protests silently announced that Indians would not
tolerate this, even if it risked being beaten or put into prison. To Gandhi, being put
into prison for a good cause was considered honorable. He wanted to get rid of the caste
system and for all who lived in India, including women, to be equal.

Gandhi embraced Hindu traditions, unlike the Moslem tradition, Hindu worship idols. Moslem
pray 5 times a day, they are monotheistic; they praise one god, Ali. Hindu's are
polytheistic. However, it has caused conflicts. Even when Gandhi achieved equality, there
was still tension about religion. Mohandus Gandhi has had many influences on the world
today.

Although Gandhi didn’t agree with the way Britain was ruling India and some of the
cultural aspects of India, he stood strong using his weapon of nonviolence.

When Gandhi was 24, he lived in South Africa. It was then that he adopted satyagrana.
Satyagrana literally means “insistence on truth”. For Gandhi this was his strategy of
non-violence civil disobedience. Gandhi was quoted, "Nonviolence is the greatest force at
the disposal of mankind. It is mightier than the mightiest weapon of destruction devised
by the ingenuity of man." By using this weapon he embarrassed the governments through
prayers, fasts, protest, civil disobedience and strikes. Although, throughout his whole
life, he spent a total of seven years in jail for political activity, his action still
initiated some reforms. For 21 years, Gandhi stayed in South Africa, working towards
rights for Indians; then in 1915 Gandhi returned to India and toured his home country. By
1920 he was the leader of the Indian nationalist movement. It all started in July 1917,
when Gandhi first took action in India by heading a protest against the exploitation of
the Indigo workers. By March 1918 Gandhi led mill workers in a peaceful strike for higher
wages and in June 1918, after and no-tax campaign led by Gandhi, a cutback of taxes was
granted in a drought hit area. In 1919 he led a protest against the Rowlatt Act that
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