Monasticism And Intellectual L Essay

This essay has a total of 803 words and 3 pages.

Monasticism And Intellectual L


Religious and intellectual institutions underwent significant changes throughout the
middle ages. In some cases, advances were made, and in others, there was a major decline.
Through all of these times, the people of the middle ages learned what didn't work, what
did, and how to progress once they found what did work.

The true form of monasticism in the western Christian church was founded by Saint Benedict
of Nursia. He wrote the famous "Benedict's Rule" between 520-530. The fundamentals of the
rule was that each day was divided into a series of activities with an emphasis on prayer
and manual labor. The monks would all gather together seven times each day for prayer.
These were all male institutions, however, Benedict's sister, Scholastica founded
monasteries for women. Many of the texts we have today are with us because of monks.
Beginning in the ninth century, the monks used scriptoria, or writing rooms, to copy
different manuscripts. Between the sixth and tenth centuries, the monasteries experienced
what one might call a moral decline. The purity and poverty which was the ideal for monks
was being abandoned. Simony, the buying of clerical positions, was common, as was the
practice of priests being married. In 910, Duke William of Aquataine wanted to do
something to correct this problem. He founded the abbey of Cluny, which was an independent
monastery. Cluny was kept independent from any kind of secular control. It sought to bring
back the ideals of the original monasteries. This came to be known as the Cluniac
movement. With the new relative stability in the church, cathedral schools developed.
Continues for 2 more pages >>




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