Mood, substance, and personality disorders

This essay has a total of 1741 words and 7 pages.

mood, substance, and personality disorders

Mood, Substance, and Personality Disorders
Do you know a person that has sudden mood swings? Do you wonder why they act like they do?
Their actions could be a result of a type of mood disorder. Mood disorders are part of the
Axis One disorders that are found in the DSM IV. Axis One is all categories of disorders
except for personality disorders. People who have mood disorders are diagnosed to have a
pattern of severe depressive and manic episodes.

One major mood disorder that will be discussed is bipolar disorder. People who are bipolar
tend to have episodes of both mania and depression, sometime by themselves or sometimes
mixed. Some of the symptoms are a very active social life, rapid speech, racing thoughts,
lack of sleep and no concern about losing sleep, false belief of having special talents,
and the inability to keep one's attention focused. Bipolar is equally as common in men and
in women. However, depressive episodes are more common for women with the disorder than
for men. Because of the seriousness of this disorder it is important that it is
professionally treated. If the disorder is not treated or if treatment is discontinued, a
person can become impaired or extremely symptomatic.

Richard Gere plays the main character in the movie Mr. Jones. Mr. Jones is a character
that has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder or as a manic-depressive. The movie begins
in one of Jones' highs or manic episode. He is a child in an adult's body; he feels
invincible, like he can do anything. The first episode that sends him into the mental
hospital is when he walks out on a high beam at a construction site thinking that he can
fly. His second episode is at a symphony concert; he jumps on stage and tries to lead the
orchestra, feeling he could do a better job then the conductor. His doctor, Dr. Elizabeth
Brown, diagnosed Jones with bipolar disorder because he has impaired judgment, he is
highly agitated, he has rapid speech, and audio hallucinations. He is unable to fell
pleasure, and he has major mood swings. When he was in the hospital he was depressed most
of the time; he missed his highs because they were fun. When he had his downs they tended
to be destructive; he overreacted when he did not get his way.

The movie seemed to be very accurate to what we learned in class and in the text. The
character clearly demonstrated the symptoms that a real person would have if they lived
with bipolar disorder. The movie showed just how difficult it is to live with the disorder
and how drastic manic and depressive episodes can be. However, in the movie Dr Brown falls
in love with the charming and talented Mr. Jones. She then stopped treating him because it
was not professional; she later resigned from her job completely. This is the only part of
the movie that was not accurate because if that relationship occurred in every day life,
Dr. Brown would have been disciplined farther. She probably would have lost her license.
Overall, I thought the movie was excellent and it was cast perfectly.

Substance-related disorders include several diagnoses. Substances are used to change a
person's mood and consciousness which usually leads to addiction. The main concerns of
this disorder are drinking problems, nicotine problems, marijuana problems, stimulants
problems, and hallucinogen problems. Alcohol is the most commonly used drug in the United
States: 18% of men and 8% of women have alcohol related disorders. There are three
different kinds of disorders caused by alcohol: alcohol dependence, alcohol abuse, and
alcohol induced disorders.

Alcohol dependence occurs when a person loses control of their alcohol consumption. It
indicates that there is addiction, high tolerance, and there will be symptoms of
withdrawal. People with this disorder feel better when they are wasted than when they are
sober. Symptoms of withdrawal include sweating, rapid pulse, hand tremors, insomnia,
anxiety, illusions, and physical agitation. The symptoms develop four to twelve hours
after the reduction of intake after prolonged alcohol ingestion.

Alcohol abuse is the long-term use of alcohol that causes health issues and impaired
psychosocial functioning; it is a disease of denial. Alcoholics tend to use humor to
deflect the idea that they have a problem. One out of three adults in the United States is
an alcohol abuser or alcoholic at any given time. Nearly five million youths age twelve to
twenty engage in binge drinking. Alcohol related disorders often occur co-morbidly.
Co-morbidity will worsen existing conditions or induce new problems. Alcohol-related
disorders are most commonly co-morbid with severe personality disorders, mood disorders,
other drug use (poly-drug abuse), schizophrenia, and anxiety disorders. Alcohol-related
disorders can be caused by genetics, psychosocial factors, psychological factors, and
social factors. Symptoms of these disorders would be failure to meet obligations, poor
Continues for 4 more pages >>