Morality: The Pre-existing And Universal Code Essay

This essay has a total of 1324 words and 6 pages.

Morality: The Pre-existing And Universal Code

Morality: The Pre-existing and Universal Code


Morality: A doctrine or system of moral conduct; particular moral
principles or rule of conduct.

To say that modern morality consists in accepting the standard of one's
age is to suggest that human morality changes with the passing of time. This
statement is just unacceptable. Morality is not something of a fad. It should
not go through trends like clothes or popular music, morality is the foundation
in which our society is embedded in, a foundation from which human values and
standards derive from. If we are to agree that these values and standards are
flexible within the boundaries of time, and that they contain within them no
ground rooted substructure in society, then there is no way in distinguishing
the difference between right and wrong. Morality is what identifies the
principles in which man exists, to seperate good from bad, and right from wrong,
and every society should strive to discover and achieve these principals.
Morality should not change over time even though cultures and social
stratifications do, what was morally right three thousand years ago is morally
right today and should be morally right three thousand years from now. Only
with universal principles can we as collective society discover what is right,
what is wrong, and what is best, therefore there exists not modern morality but
simply morality.

An empirical philosopher, W.T. Stace, argues that if we believe all
morals are culturally relative, it is impossible for us to judge what is best.
Although admitting he does not know what is best, he concludes that it is the
responsibility of man to discover what is. He does not dispute that moral
customs and moral ideas differ from country to country and from age to age, but
that the fact that one culture thinks something is right does not necessarily
make it right just as much as what we believe is wrong in our culture does not
necessarily mean it is wrong.

"The fact that the Greeks or the inhabitants of New Guinea think
something right does not make it right, even for them. Nor does the fact that
we think the same things wrong make them wrong. They are in themselves either
right or wrong. What we have to do is discover what they are."1

The clashes in cultures between difference of morality does not mean
that morals are relative, all that it means is that unidentified cultures and
their beliefs remain ignorant to the truth. However at the same time we
recognize this, we must be careful not to commit to our own moral code as the
just one. The only truth that we can be certain of is that there is one
universal and moral code, and although we may not have found it, we must trust
that it is amongst us and that through our experience and continual growing
knowledge, that we will come to it. This is not even to say that there is one
culture within society today that defines the true moral code, for what we know
no culture contains this. However as time passes we build upon our knowledge of
truth in search for other truths that strengthen and further establish our
already growing understanding of what is right and wrong and by doing this we
can discover certain values and beliefs from cultures that are indeed just and
right.

Of course by suggesting that there is the one universal moral code, one
would have to defend this by also implying that there is a superior power that
imposes this code amongst us. To take the position of ethical absolutism would
be quite difficult to achieve without the reference of God.

"There would be no point, for the naive believer in the faith, in the
philosopher's questions regarding the foundations of morality and the basis of
moral obligation... For the true believer the author of the moral law is God.
What pleases God, what God commands- that is the definition of right."2

Our civilization today is deeply rooted in Christianity. The belief in
God is very popular within our society. As much as we may try to escape
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