Mozart4

This essay has a total of 1071 words and 7 pages.


Mozart4





Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus
Outline Click to view outline and jump to a section. I. Introduction II. Mozart's
Musically Precocious Childhood III. A Difficult Later Life IV. Evaluation





I. Introduction

Print section

Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756-91), Austrian composer, a centrally important composer of
the classical era, and one of the most inspired composers in Western musical tradition.


Born January 27, 1756, in Salzburg, and baptized Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus
Theophilus Mozart, he was educated by his father, Leopold Mozart, who was concertmaster in
the court orchestra of the archbishop of Salzburg and a celebrated violinist, composer,
and author.



II. Mozart's Musically Precocious Childhood

Print section

By the age of six Mozart had become an accomplished performer on the clavier, violin, and
organ and was highly skilled in sight-reading and improvisation. Five short piano pieces
composed by Mozart when he was six years old are still frequently played. In 1762 Leopold
took Wolfgang on the first of many successful concert tours through the courts of Europe.
During this period Wolfgang composed sonatas for the harpsichord and violin (1763), a
symphony (1764), an oratorio (1766), and the opera buffa La finta semplice (The Simple
Pretense, 1768). In 1769 Mozart was appointed concertmaster to the archbishop of Salzburg,
and later in the same year, at La Scala (Milan, Italy), he was made a chevalier of the
Order of the Golden Spur by the pope. He also composed his first German operetta, Bastien
und Bastienne, in the same year. At the age of 14 he was commissioned to write a serious
opera. This work, Mitridate, rč di Ponto (Mithridates, King of Pontus, 1770), produced
under his direction at Milan, completely established an already phenomenal reputation.


The Mozarts returned to Salzburg in 1771. Hieronymus, count von Colloredo, the successor
to the archbishop of Salzburg, who had died while the Mozarts were touring Italy, cared
little for music. Mozart's appointment at Salzburg, however, proved to be largely
honorary; it allowed ample time for a prodigious musical output during his next six years,
but afforded little financial security. In 1777 Mozart obtained a leave of absence for a
concert tour and left with his mother for Munich.



III. A Difficult Later Life

Print section

The courts of Europe ignored the 21-year-old composer in his search for a more congenial
and rewarding appointment. He traveled to Mannheim, then the musical center of Europe
because of its famous orchestra, in hopes of a post, and there fell in love with Aloysia
Weber. Leopold promptly ordered his son and wife to Paris. His mother's death in Paris in
July 1778, his rejection by Weber, and the neglect he suffered from the aristocrats whom
he courted made the two years from Mozart's arrival in Paris until his return to Salzburg
Continues for 4 more pages >>