Essay on Multiple Sclerosis

This essay has a total of 279 words and 4 pages.


Multiple Sclerosis






Multiple Sclerosis

Definition
*MS is characterized by the presence of areas of demyelination
*T-cell predominant perivascular inflammation in the brain white matter
*Some axons may be spared from these pathological processes


Incidence and Prevalence
*An estimated 2,500,000 people in the world have multiple sclerosis
*MS is one of the most common diseases of the central nervous system in young adults
*Diagnosis of MS is generally between 20 and 40 years of age, although onset may be earlier


Causal Factors
*Viral and autoimmune etiologies are postulated
*Genetic and environmental factors are known to contribute to MS
*A specific cause for this disease is not identified


Signs and Symptoms
*Early symptoms may include:
numbness
paresthesia
mono- or paraparesis
double vision
optic neuritis
ataxia
bladder control problems
*Subsequent symptoms also include:
more prominent upper motor neuron signs
increased spasticity
increasing para- or quardriparesis
Vertigo, incoordination and other cerebellar problems
depression, emotional liability
abnormalities in gait
fatigue and pain
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