Music in the baroque Essay

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music in the baroque

Running head: Compare and Contrast. Maslow versus Elizabeth Cohen











Compare and Contrast: Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs versus
author of The House on Beartown Road - Elizabeth Cohen
Dina L. Rodriguez
Saint Joseph College








Abraham Maslow - a humanistic psychologist - "developed a theory of personality that has
influenced a number of different fields, including education" (Simons, Irwin & Drinnien,
1987). A concept used in the development of a person as a whole across his/her lifespan,
this theory is known as the Hierarchy of Needs. "It remains valid today for understanding
human motivation" (Alan Chapman, 2001-4).

Maslow's hierarchy is relatively known today as a pyramid with 5 basic levels (see
diagram), each cannot be built upon or no one person can progress in life until the
previous need has been satisfied. "Humans start with a very weak disposition [infants]
that is then fashioned fully as the person grows. If the environment is right, people will
grow straight and beautiful, actualizing the potentials they have inherited. If the
environment is not "right" (and mostly it is not) they will not grow tall and straight and
beautiful" (Simons, Irwin & Drinnien). The five basic needs are: physiological, safety,
belongingness and love, esteem and finally, the need for self-actualization.

Physiological needs supersede all in a sense that if we do not have oxygen to breath, food
to eat, clean water to drink, and the means for elimination , how else would we be able to
grow and survive? It is without these needs that Maslow states we cannot advance to the
next level or maintain quality of life (Lois White, 2001).

The next level - safety and security - surrounds the need for shelter from protection from
the outside environment including inclement weather, stability within the home/family life
and the security of both physical and emotional factors that can affect the quality of
life in either a positive or negative manner. "Illness is often a threat to safety because
the stability of life is disrupted" (White).

The third level - love and belonging - integrates the need for both giving and receiving
love. Without this need for friendship, giving and receiving love and affection, how can
one possibly develop emotion or a sense of self? This brings me to Maslow's next level:
self-esteem (White).

The self-esteem needs are said to be the most influential when the first three needs are
met. The need for self-esteem arises from the accomplishments and goals one achieves and
the admiration he/she receives from others. "When the needs are satisfied, the person
feels self-confident and valued; however, if they are frustrated, the person feels
inferior, weak, helpless and worthless" (Simons et al.).

The last of the needs, the top of the hierarchy pyramid, is the need for
self-actualization. This need basically describes the person as fully meeting all needs
prior and realizing his/her dream or goal in life. "Maslow describes self-actualization as
a person's need to be and do that which a person was "born to do"; "A musician must make
music, an artist must paint, a poet must write". If the person does not fulfill the need,
he or she may feel as if something is missing, uneasy within themselves even if all needs
prior have been successfully satisfied (Simons et al.).

In the book of memoirs, The House on Beartown Road, author Elizabeth Cohen experiences -
what I would like to call - the "inverse effect" of the hierarchy. She was already at the
top of the pyramid - actualized -, but as life took its course, circumstances seemed to
have had her climbing back down. It is known that our existence here on earth won't ever
or always be perfect; we will have our share of ups and downs. In Elizabeth's situation,
life at the beginning of her story seemed like a fairytale.

Elizabeth was born and raised in Albuquerque, New Mexico; the daughter of Julia and
Sanford Cohen and had an older sister named Melanie. Her life growing up, one would be
envious of; however, her relationship with her parents didn't seem as fulfilling. Although
she traveled to and lived in exotic countries with her family, due to her father's
profession - author and professor - had the utmost in education and her parents "never
failed to attend to our needs and undertook the most formal route of parenting"; Elizabeth
always felt as if it was more of a duty for her mother to be a parent rather than the
instinctual motherly love you should feel as a child; when she longed for a hug from her
father, "he'd always been good for a double pat on the back when I needed one" (Elizabeth
Cohen, 2003).

She attended the University of New Mexico - where her father taught - and upon graduation
from the MFA program at Columbia University in New York City, she worked various odd jobs.
The night she met her husband Shane - back in New Mexico - the two became inseparable.
They shared much of the same interests, goals and "within two years we were married and
moving to New York City to pursue our careers in writing and art" (Cohen).

Once settled in the city, they had their first child Ava. Upon giving birth to her, they
bought an old farmhouse in rural New York; Elizabeth got a job writing a column for the
local newspaper and Shane set up an art studio within the house and "agreed to be a
stay-at-home dad". All the pieces of the puzzle of life seemed to be falling into place,
"life seemed idyllic", until Elizabeth's ailing father went to live with them. "I had no
idea how disaster could smack into a life and change everything" (Cohen). This takes us
back to how White (2001) compares the second level of needs - safety and security - when
illness becomes prevalent within an otherwise healthy, stable family.

At the time of his arrival, it was quite evident that Sanford Cohen was stricken with
Alzheimer's disease. Elizabeth knew it would be difficult to take care of her father, a
new baby and still be able to enjoy the life she was building with Shane, but this was her
father and she was willing; as stated by White (2001), once you become self-actualized,
you are confident and prepared to face new challenges in your life. Elizabeth had no idea
that Shane would leave her 9 months later because he couldn't handle the responsibility,
the winter to follow would be so cold, or her life would slip into utter oblivion because
she didn't have the physical or emotional support from her family, and needless to say,
her husband.

Life on Beartown Road was not what Elizabeth had dreamed. Yes her physiological needs were
maintained; she was alive, had food, water, and was able to sleep comfortably. She had the
safety of shelter from the cold, the esteem that enabled her to thrive in her career, the
sense of belongingness and love that allowed her to give and receive affection from her
family, but the one man she counted on mentally, emotionally and physically had walked out
on her; leaving her with a sense of abandonment and insecurity at a time when she needed
him most.

Elizabeth literally lost control of what was basic in her life. She slipped into a great
depression and by this, her home became a mess, laundry didn't get cleaned, meals were
scarce, and worst of all she felt as if she were starting to neglect the young bond
developing with her daughter. Had it not been for the help of neighbors, coworkers and
friends, I don't know how she would have been able to re-establish her quality of life.
Had it not been for the use of her work as an outlet, I don't know how she would have been
able to cope with the stressors that came about so dramatically. "Conversely, if the
things that satisfy our lower needs are swept away, we are no longer concerned about the
maintenance of our higher order needs" (Chapman).

In the beginning it was very hard for Elizabeth, not only was she a parent to her one
year-old daughter, but also to her eighty year-old father. It wasn't until she found the
right kind of social services to help with her dad or until she hired her nanny, Jody,
that life started to look bright again. Jody knew a lot about Alzheimer's from personal
experience, was able to help around the house with chores, shopping, cooking, Ava and
Sanford. Bit by bit, life seemed to have been rebuilding itself; even Shane wanted to come
back and reconnect with his family.

The previous life Elizabeth Cohen once had would never be the same again. She would have
to restore the relationship and trust with her husband; and although Sanford's disease
exhausted her sense of self, the knowledge Elizabeth gained from this tumultuous period in
her life is priceless and has made her stronger within.

In my opinion, she satisfies all the levels of the hierarchal pyramid. She started at the
top; we met her at her self-actualization level. She was a mother, a wife, a friend, a
daughter, but most of all, she was a writer. She left New Mexico to pursue her career in
writing and that is what she became and still is today.

Elizabeth worked her way up and down the levels of needs throughout this time in her life,
and I have no doubt in my mind that she again, is self-actualized. "Maslow's theory
accurately describes many realities of personal experiences" (Simons et al.), and that is
why I was able to compare and contrast this philosophy so well with her role in the book.






















References
Chapman, Alan. (2001-4). Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved September 17th, 2004, from
http://www.businessballs.com/maslow.htm

Cohen, Elizabeth. (2003). The House on Beartown Road. New York: Random House.
Drinnien, Beverly A., Irwin, Donald B., & Simons, Janet A. (1987). Maslow's Hierarchy of
Needs. Psychology - The Search for Understanding. New York: West Publishing Company.
Retrieved September 17th, 2004, from
http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/maslow.htm

White, Lois. (2001). Foundations of Learning - Caring for the Whole Person. New York: Delmar.


Running head: Compare and Contrast. Maslow versus Elizabeth Cohen











Compare and Contrast: Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs versus
author of The House on Beartown Road - Elizabeth Cohen
Dina L. Rodriguez
Saint Joseph College








Abraham Maslow - a humanistic psychologist - "developed a theory of personality that has
influenced a number of different fields, including education" (Simons, Irwin & Drinnien,
1987). A concept used in the development of a person as a whole across his/her lifespan,
this theory is known as the Hierarchy of Needs. "It remains valid today for understanding
human motivation" (Alan Chapman, 2001-4).

Maslow's hierarchy is relatively known today as a pyramid with 5 basic levels (see
diagram), each cannot be built upon or no one person can progress in life until the
previous need has been satisfied. "Humans start with a very weak disposition [infants]
that is then fashioned fully as the person grows. If the environment is right, people will
grow straight and beautiful, actualizing the potentials they have inherited. If the
environment is not "right" (and mostly it is not) they will not grow tall and straight and
beautiful" (Simons, Irwin & Drinnien). The five basic needs are: physiological, safety,
belongingness and love, esteem and finally, the need for self-actualization.

Physiological needs supersede all in a sense that if we do not have oxygen to breath, food
to eat, clean water to drink, and the means for elimination , how else would we be able to
grow and survive? It is without these needs that Maslow states we cannot advance to the
next level or maintain quality of life (Lois White, 2001).

The next level - safety and security - surrounds the need for shelter from protection from
the outside environment including inclement weather, stability within the home/family life
and the security of both physical and emotional factors that can affect the quality of
life in either a positive or negative manner. "Illness is often a threat to safety because
the stability of life is disrupted" (White).

The third level - love and belonging - integrates the need for both giving and receiving
love. Without this need for friendship, giving and receiving love and affection, how can
one possibly develop emotion or a sense of self? This brings me to Maslow's next level:
self-esteem (White).

The self-esteem needs are said to be the most influential when the first three needs are
met. The need for self-esteem arises from the accomplishments and goals one achieves and
the admiration he/she receives from others. "When the needs are satisfied, the person
feels self-confident and valued; however, if they are frustrated, the person feels
inferior, weak, helpless and worthless" (Simons et al.).

The last of the needs, the top of the hierarchy pyramid, is the need for
self-actualization. This need basically describes the person as fully meeting all needs
prior and realizing his/her dream or goal in life. "Maslow describes self-actualization as
a person's need to be and do that which a person was "born to do"; "A musician must make
music, an artist must paint, a poet must write". If the person does not fulfill the need,
he or she may feel as if something is missing, uneasy within themselves even if all needs
prior have been successfully satisfied (Simons et al.).

In the book of memoirs, The House on Beartown Road, author Elizabeth Cohen experiences -
what I would like to call - the "inverse effect" of the hierarchy. She was already at the
top of the pyramid - actualized -, but as life took its course, circumstances seemed to
have had her climbing back down. It is known that our existence here on earth won't ever
or always be perfect; we will have our share of ups and downs. In Elizabeth's situation,
life at the beginning of her story seemed like a fairytale.

Elizabeth was born and raised in Albuquerque, New Mexico; the daughter of Julia and
Sanford Cohen and had an older sister named Melanie. Her life growing up, one would be
envious of; however, her relationship with her parents didn't seem as fulfilling. Although
she traveled to and lived in exotic countries with her family, due to her father's
profession - author and professor - had the utmost in education and her parents "never
failed to attend to our needs and undertook the most formal route of parenting"; Elizabeth
always felt as if it was more of a duty for her mother to be a parent rather than the
instinctual motherly love you should feel as a child; when she longed for a hug from her
father, "he'd always been good for a double pat on the back when I needed one" (Elizabeth
Cohen, 2003).

She attended the University of New Mexico - where her father taught - and upon graduation
from the MFA program at Columbia University in New York City, she worked various odd jobs.
The night she met her husband Shane - back in New Mexico - the two became inseparable.
They shared much of the same interests, goals and "within two years we were married and
moving to New York City to pursue our careers in writing and art" (Cohen).

Once settled in the city, they had their first child Ava. Upon giving birth to her, they
bought an old farmhouse in rural New York; Elizabeth got a job writing a column for the
local newspaper and Shane set up an art studio within the house and "agreed to be a
stay-at-home dad". All the pieces of the puzzle of life seemed to be falling into place,
"life seemed idyllic", until Elizabeth's ailing father went to live with them. "I had no
idea how disaster could smack into a life and change everything" (Cohen). This takes us
back to how White (2001) compares the second level of needs - safety and security - when
illness becomes prevalent within an otherwise healthy, stable family.

At the time of his arrival, it was quite evident that Sanford Cohen was stricken with
Alzheimer's disease. Elizabeth knew it would be difficult to take care of her father, a
new baby and still be able to enjoy the life she was building with Shane, but this was her
father and she was willing; as stated by White (2001), once you become self-actualized,
you are confident and prepared to face new challenges in your life. Elizabeth had no idea
that Shane would leave her 9 months later because he couldn't handle the responsibility,
the winter to follow would be so cold, or her life would slip into utter oblivion because
she didn't have the physical or emotional support from her family, and needless to say,
her husband.

Life on Beartown Road was not what Elizabeth had dreamed. Yes her physiological needs were
maintained; she was alive, had food, water, and was able to sleep comfortably. She had the
safety of shelter from the cold, the esteem that enabled her to thrive in her career, the
sense of belongingness and love that allowed her to give and receive affection from her
family, but the one man she counted on mentally, emotionally and physically had walked out
on her; leaving her with a sense of abandonment and insecurity at a time when she needed
him most.

Elizabeth literally lost control of what was basic in her life. She slipped into a great
depression and by this, her home became a mess, laundry didn't get cleaned, meals were
scarce, and worst of all she felt as if she were starting to neglect the young bond
developing with her daughter. Had it not been for the help of neighbors, coworkers and
friends, I don't know how she would have been able to re-establish her quality of life.
Had it not been for the use of her work as an outlet, I don't know how she would have been
able to cope with the stressors that came about so dramatically. "Conversely, if the
things that satisfy our lower needs are swept away, we are no longer concerned about the
maintenance of our higher order needs" (Chapman).

In the beginning it was very hard for Elizabeth, not only was she a parent to her one
year-old daughter, but also to her eighty year-old father. It wasn't until she found the
right kind of social services to help with her dad or until she hired her nanny, Jody,
that life started to look bright again. Jody knew a lot about Alzheimer's from personal
experience, was able to help around the house with chores, shopping, cooking, Ava and
Sanford. Bit by bit, life seemed to have been rebuilding itself; even Shane wanted to come
back and reconnect with his family.

The previous life Elizabeth Cohen once had would never be the same again. She would have
to restore the relationship and trust with her husband; and although Sanford's disease
exhausted her sense of self, the knowledge Elizabeth gained from this tumultuous period in
her life is priceless and has made her stronger within.

In my opinion, she satisfies all the levels of the hierarchal pyramid. She started at the
top; we met her at her self-actualization level. She was a mother, a wife, a friend, a
daughter, but most of all, she was a writer. She left New Mexico to pursue her career in
writing and that is what she became and still is today.

Elizabeth worked her way up and down the levels of needs throughout this time in her life,
and I have no doubt in my mind that she again, is self-actualized. "Maslow's theory
accurately describes many realities of personal experiences" (Simons et al.), and that is
why I was able to compare and contrast this philosophy so well with her role in the book.






















References
Chapman, Alan. (2001-4). Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. Retrieved September 17th, 2004, from
http://www.businessballs.com/maslow.htm

Cohen, Elizabeth. (2003). The House on Beartown Road. New York: Random House.
Drinnien, Beverly A., Irwin, Donald B., & Simons, Janet A. (1987). Maslow's Hierarchy of
Needs. Psychology - The Search for Understanding. New York: West Publishing Company.
Retrieved September 17th, 2004, from
http://honolulu.hawaii.edu/intranet/committees/FacDevCom/guidebk/teachtip/maslow.htm

White, Lois. (2001). Foundations of Learning - Caring for the Whole Person. New York: Delmar.



Running head: Compare and Contrast. Maslow versus Elizabeth Cohen











Compare and Contrast: Abraham Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs versus
author of The House on Beartown Road - Elizabeth Cohen
Dina L. Rodriguez
Saint Joseph College




Continues for 18 more pages >>




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  • None Provided
    None Provided Chapter 1(pgs.15-24) In first chapter, the reader is introduced to all of his wonderful animals. Obviously most of the chapter is intended to spark pity and a sense of sympathy for the poor, suffering farm animals, but the old Major\'s words are very telling. The "wise" old pig addresses the central conflict of the book, and of Orwell\'s intended meaning-- tyranny. The first (and seemingly only) dictatorship the animals must overcome is the rule of Mr. Jones and the other humans. T
  • A cross cultural perspective of polygyny
    A cross cultural perspective of polygyny A Cross Cultural Perspective of Polygyny As an institution, polygyny, the social arrangement that permits a man to have more than one wife at the same time, exists in all parts of the world. From our present knowledge, there are very few primitive tribes in which a man is not allowed to enter into more than one union. In fact, ethologists now believe that only one to two percent of all species may be monogamous (Tucker). None of the simian species are str
  • Bruce Goffs Bavinger House
    Bruce Goffs Bavinger House Introduction: Bruce Goff¡¦s working career spanned sixty-six years, from 1916, when he began working in an architect¡¦s office, until his death in 1982. During that time he received more than 450 commissions for buildings and related designs, resulting in more than 500 proposals of which at least 147 were realized. Bruce Goff occupied a unique place in American architecture. His buildings looked like those of no other architect. His idiosyncratic designs juxtaposed sha
  • 2 paintings Modanno W child and Angels
    2 paintings Modanno W child and Angels The painting called Madonna and Child with Saint Francis and Dominic and Angels by Giulio Cesare Procaccini is one of many paintings labeled masterpiece. This painting contains brilliant brushwork and messages that are indirect. This painting was done in Milan Italy any where from 1574-1625. It is 101 1/8 x 56 3/8 in. (256.9 x 143.2 cm) and painted on canvas with oil. In the picture all the faces are looking at the child that is held by Mary. Saint Francis
  • Georgia OKeefe
    Georgia OKeefe * Georgia O\'Keeffe is one of the most influential artists there is today. Her works are valued highly and are quite beautiful and unique. As a prominent American artist, Georgia O\'Keeffe is famous for her images of gigantic flowers, city-scapes and distinctive desert scenes. All of these different phases represent times in her life. Throughout the seventy years of her creative career, Georgia O\'Keeffe continually made some of the most original contributions to the art of our ti
  • Greek Grave Steles
    Greek Grave Steles The portals to immortality-Greek Grave Steles To us who live in modern times the ‘melancholic look’ that we find in the sculpture of cemeteries throughout the world is something we take for granted. Although its authenticity has been lost to us, this so-called look can be traced back to 5th century Greek funerary sculpture. For us it is only natural to associate such a look with death. However, as the above verse elaborates, the Greeks viewed death somewhat differently from th
  • Michelangelo1
    Michelangelo1 Michelangelo was one of the greatest artists of all time. He excelled in architecture, sculpture, painting, poetry, and engineering. He was a true Renaissance man who lived a long emotional life. In painting "The Last Judgment," Michelangelo was able to incorporate all that he had learned about the human body. He was able to show the way the body moved, as well as it\'s displays of unrestrained passion, overwhelming grief, or endless torment. This is what makes "The Last Judgment"
  • Millet
    Millet Millet, Jean-François -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- (1814-75) The son of a small peasant farmer of Gréville in Normandy, Millet showed a precocious interest in drawing, and arrived in Paris in 1838 to become a pupil of Paul Delaroche. He had to fight against great odds, living for long a life of extreme penury. He exhibited at the Salon for the first time in 1840, and married two years later. At this time, the main influences on him were
  • Modanno
    modanno 2 paintings Modanno W/ child and Angels By: Digitalz E-mail: imbobbydigital@aol.com The painting called Madonna and Child with Saint Francis and Dominic and Angels by Giulio Cesare Procaccini is one of many paintings labeled masterpiece. This painting contains brilliant brushwork and messages that are indirect. This painting was done in Milan Italy any where from 1574-1625. It is 101 1/8 x 56 3/8 in. (256.9 x 143.2 cm) and painted on canvas with oil. In the picture all the faces are look
  • NorcrossVivaldi
    NorcrossVivaldi The Fitchburg Art Museum is currently celebrating its 75th anniversary. For the first time in this museum’s history, there is a gallery reflecting it’s founder’s passions. The art that is now on exhibit is that of Eleanor Norcross. These pieces are from Norcross’s own collection and long term loans from museums and private collections. This is one of the exhibits that launches a look at pioneering American artists of the 19th century. Norcross’s exhibit is titled, “ Norcross: Cha
  • Picasso
    Picasso Pablo Picasso was one of the most interesting artists of his times, and by far was one of the most influential people in art history. Picasso was a man of many different abilities and attributes, which he contributed to the art community in numerous ways. First, Picasso was an extraordinary man for his sheer ability and length of his career as an artist. Also, early in Picasso’s life he was deemed a prodigy with the potential to be one of the greatest ever. After Pablo’s teen years he we
  • Picasso
    Picasso Pablo Picasso was one of the most interesting artists of his times, and by far was one of the most influential people in art history. Picasso was a man of many different abilities and attributes, which he contributed to the art community in numerous ways. First, Picasso was an extraordinary man for his sheer ability and length of his career as an artist. Also, early in Picasso’s life he was deemed a prodigy with the potential to be one of the greatest ever. After Pablo’s teen years he we
  • Picasso
    Picasso Pablo Picasso was one of the most interesting artists of his times, and by far was one of the most influential people in art history. Picasso was a man of many different abilities and attributes, which he contributed to the art community in numerous ways. First, Picasso was an extraordinary man for his sheer ability and length of his career as an artist. Also, early in Picasso’s life he was deemed a prodigy with the potential to be one of the greatest ever. After Pablo’s teen years he we
  • The Kiss by Gustav Klimt
    The Kiss by Gustav Klimt In the art exhibition of 1908, there was a painting on display in a room reserved for Klimt’s pictures. This painting was entitled, ‘Lovers’ by Klimt himself but is generally known today as ‘The Kiss’. Ludwig Hevesi, a critic of the time says, “This Klimt hhall at the exhibition is the most remarkable assortment seen in Vienna since Markart’s Dumba Room. A purely painterly painting (The Kiss), not possible before markart, a specific phenomena of color.....THe Modern Gall
  • Titian
    Titian Titian No one knows exactly when the Italian artist, Tiziano Vecellio, was born. Over the centuries, there has been a great deal of confusion concerning the date, due to a misprint in his biography by sixteenth century art historian, Girgio Vasari. Vasari recorded the date as 1480, but the progress of Tiziano Vecellio’s work, as well as other documented sources, announce his date of birth to be sometime between 1488 and 1490. (Magill 2310) The place of his birth was Pieve de Cadore, in th
  • Whatever you want
    Whatever you want Art is an expression of life, which means it expresses emotions. Creation that allows for interpretation of any kind is art. I have read that art is a human skill as opposed to nature, a skill applied to music, painting, poetry etc... I believe that nature is art as well. If something is made a certain way, it is beautiful in its own right. In my opinion, I believe there is a God who is an artist that created everything. Interpreting art depends on a person experiences, their v
  • Optical Illusions
    Optical Illusions My research paper is about the anatomy of an optical illusion. Optical Illusions are relevant to aviation in that the main guidance system of most aircraft on most flights is the pilot\'s eyes. Everyone, including pilots, is susceptible to an optical illusion. The hazards of optical illusions are many considering that at any time during the flight they can cause a healthy and experienced pilot to become confused, delusional and generally disoriented with obvious possible conseq
  • Ben Franklins Religion
    Ben Franklins Religion Although in his Autobiography Benjamin Franklin claims that at a young age he "became a thorough Deist" (1359), Franklin saw God as much more than a blind watchmaker. Among his frequent references to practicality, reason, and the value of experimental science, Franklin\'s metaphysical beliefs [2] easily get lost, especially as he distances himself theologically from colonial Christian doctrines. It becomes convenient but incorrect to let Franklin\'s "virtue" stand apart fr
  • Fredrick douglas
    Fredrick douglas : Frederick Douglass was an emancipated slave who passed from one master to another until he finally found the satisfaction of being his own. He went through almost as many names as masters. His mother\'s family name, traceable at least as far back as 1701 was Bailey, the name he bore until his flight to freedom in 1838. His father may have been a white man named Anthony, but Douglass never firmly validated or rejected this possibility. During transit to New York, where he becam
  • Kafka
    kafka Franz Kafka was born in Prague, Bohemia, July 3, 1883 and died June 3, 1924 of tuberculosis at the age of 40. He came from a middle-class Jewish family. His father was a shopkeeper and tried to climb up the social ladder by working hard at his shop and sending Franz to a prestigious German high school. He went on to get a law degree and worked for two insurance companies (not at the same time) When his .tuberculosis got bad in 1917 he was put on temporary retirement with a pension. German
  • Martin Luther King Jr
    Martin Luther King Jr 9 A Discussion and Analysis Of some of his Contributions As Well as their Social, Political and Economic Impacts Since the Thirteen Colonies first united, the United States has had one of the strongest economies in the world. Over the years, many theorists have had varying opinions concerning the reason for this nation\'s strong economic standing. One reason that has often been overlooked is that a great many of this nation\'s workers have been influenced by the Protestant
  • Mozart
    Mozart Julien Rouleau “The classical period produced more instrumental than vocal music, a wealth of serious and comic operas as well as vocal religious music also appeared during this time”(Ferris, 231). One of the best composer of this time was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. In this paper I will go through his childhood, his friends and family, and of course his music. Enjoy!!! Child of the Enlightenment The world that Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart entered ceremoniously in 1756 was brimming in change. His