Napoleon I

This essay has a total of 1477 words and 7 pages.

Napoleon I

Napoleon I


Napoleon's life was a very interesting one. Starting a poor boy, hated by most,
rising to rule a huge empire, and then finally being destroyed by his own
arrogance and ending his life humbled, remembering what he had doe, and leaving
it all in his memoirs for the world to read.

Napoleon was born in 1769, on the Island of Corsica. His parents, Carlo and
Letizia Bonaparte, were poor nobles. When Napoleon was just 10 years old, his
father helped to get him a mathematical scholarship to a military school at
Brienne. In the school, Napoleon was hated and considered a foreigner. With no
friends, Napoleon concentrated on academics, but still only graduated 42nd in us
class of 58. he then continued his education at the Military academy of Paris.
After one year there, he became second Lieutenant of artillery, at the age of 17.
As a Lieutenant, Napoleon did a lot of reading, mainly in the subjects of
history, geography, economic affairs, and philosophy. Napoleon was assigned to a
post at the Valence garrison when he became a Lieutenant, but spent most of his
time in Corsica, without permission. During one of these visits, Napoleon had
trouble with a Corsican nationalist, named Pasquale Paoli, and Napoleon and his
family fled to Marseille in 1793.

Later in 1793, the beginning of the French revolution, Napoleon led an
artillery brigade to push out a British fleet that the Royalists had allowed
in. Napoleon's mission was a success, and he was promoted to general, and
was assigned to the army in Northern Italy. During the early part of the
revolution, Napoleon had supported Maximilien Robespierre's revolutionary
group, and when Robespiere was overthrown in 1794, Napoleon spent two months
in jail for being associated with him. When he was released from jail,
Napoleon refused to fight a rebellion in Vandee, and he lost his military
position for it.

In 1795, Paul Barras, the military leader of a soon to be implemented
government, asked Napoleon to fight a revolt in Paris, Napoleon accepted,
and quickly ended the revolt. When the directory, the government Barras
was part of, came into power, they rewarded Napoleon by appointing him
the commander of the army of the interior in 1796. He also married Josephine de
Beauharrais in the same year. Later in 1796, Napoleon launched a campaign to
push the Austrian and Sardinian armies out of Northern Italy. Napoleon quickly
defeated the Sardinians at Mandovi (about 25 miles from current French borders).
In a treaty with the Sardinians, France was given Nice and Savoy. He then went
further into Italy, pushing into the Lombardy region. He took the stronghold at
Mantua after a long siege, and was heading toward Venice with little resistance
when the Austrians surrendered, and Napoleon negotiated the treaty of Campo
Formio, which ended what is now called the war of the first coalition. While in
Italy, Napoleon took large amounts of money and art to bring to France. When
Napoleon returned from Italy, it was suggested that he invade England. Instead,
he decided to invade British-owned Egypt. After sneaking by the British navy,
Napoleon landed in Egypt, and quickly carried out the occupation. While
Napoleon as inland, the British destroyed the French fleet, leaving Napoleon
stuck in Egypt.

In early 1799, the Ottoman empire declared war on France. To stop the
Ottoman's from invading Egypt, Napoleon invaded Syria, but was turned
back by Turkish troops. By mid-1799, the second coalition (formed by the
Ottoman's and Austrians) were defeating French forces in Europe, so Napoleon
decided to return to France. When Napoleon arrived in Paris, he began a
conspiracy to overthrow the government. He succeeded, and created a new
government called the consulate, of which Napoleon became the first consul. As
consul, Napoleon made many good changes in France. He created the Napoleonic
code, which set up a complex code of civil law in the nation. He worked with
the Pope to reestablish the Roman Catholic faith in France. He also stabilized
the French economy, balancing the budget, established a national bank, and
restored the value of French bonds. In the mean time, Napoleon defeated Austria
in Marengo, Italy, and signed the treaty of Luneville, ending the war of the
Continues for 4 more pages >>




  • Cambodia
    Cambodia The Impact of the Past on the Present Cambodia, then, like so many other nations in the developing world, is an agricultural country, and, in terms of the cash incomes of its people, desperately poor. In the past, Cambodia was able to earn foreign exchange to pay for imported goods by selling agricultural surpluses-of rice and corn, for example-or plant crops, such as pepper, rubber, and cotton. Its normal patterns of trade were broken up in the wars of the 1970\'s. When the fighting di
  • Rooselvelt
    Rooselvelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt Franklin Delano Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States. Roosevelt served longer than any other president. His unprecedented election to four terms in office will probably never be repeated; the 22nd Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, passed after his death, denies the right of any person to be elected president more than twice. Roosevelt held office during two of the greatest crises ever faced by the United States: the Great De
  • Napoleon Bonaparte
    Napoleon Bonaparte Who would have ever predicted that by the “1800’s a young lieutenant, who was barely French, would be master of France” (Maurois 5)? Napoleon Bonaparte was a military genius who won many wars and battles for France. Napoleon Bonaparte had a huge impact on all of France and numerous other countries around Europe. He had many great accomplishments, two of which were his positions as First Consul and Emperor. Napoleon was a military genius, known for all of his many successes on
  • Computer simulation
    computer simulation Computer Simulation WARSIM 2000 is simulation software, used by the armed forces. Extensive, thorough, and tiring work has been done on thgis program. It covers almost all aspects and situations required for realistic, meticulous and a complete simulation. Information Technology has lead to the advancement of the tools required to build the simulator. Information Technolgy’s guideleines and technolgy have reinforced this creative simulator General Description of Operational C
  • School Lunches
    School Lunches A visit to a school lunchroom at noon would quickly dispel any preconceived view of how lunch goes down in children. Most youngsters will dive for the cookies first eat a bite or two out of the sandwich and the apple, throw away the rest, and turn to the serious business of snack foods. There are approximately 25 million children in 93,000 schools who receive breakfast and lunch through the school cafeteria. Although research has shown that eating healthy at an early age helps you
  • School Lunches1
    School Lunches1 A visit to a school lunchroom at noon would quickly dispel any preconceived view of how lunch goes down in children. Most youngsters will dive for the cookies first eat a bite or two out of the sandwich and the apple, throw away the rest, and turn to the serious business of snack foods. There are approximately 25 million children in 93,000 schools who receive breakfast and lunch through the school cafeteria. Although research has shown that eating healthy at an early age helps yo
  • America
    America America’s involvement in World War Two When war broke out , there was no way the world could possibly know the severity of this guerre. Fortunately one country saw and understood that Germany and its allies would have to be stopped. America’s Involvement in World War two not only contributed in the eventual downfall of the insane Adolph Hitler and his Third Reich, but also came at the precise time and moment. Had the united states entered the war any earlier the consequences might have b
  • Waterloo
    Waterloo BATTLE OF WATERLOO The Battle of Waterloo was the final and decisive action of the Napoleonic Wars, the wars that effectively ended French domination of the European continent and brought about drastic changes in the political boundaries and the power balance of Europe. Fought on June 18, 1815, near Waterloo, in modern Belgium, the battle ranks as a great turning point in European history. After raising France to a position of preeminence in Europe , Napoleon met defeat in 1814 by a coa
  • Middle East
    Middle East Middle East The political systems of Middle Eastern countries display considerable variety. For much of the post-World War II period, the greatest distinction was between the conservative, capitalist, pro-Western monarchies and the reformist, socialist, and neutralist or pro-Eastern republics, many of which were military regimes. Pan-Arabism, which seeks to reunite the Arabs, was a dominant ideological force in much of the region. The failure of Arab unification schemes, particularly
  • Thailand1
    Thailand1 IINTRODUCTION Thailand, formerly Siam, officially Kingdom of Thailand, kingdom in Southeast Asia, bounded by Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) on the north and west, by Laos on the northeast, by Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand (Siam) on the southeast, by Malaysia on the south, and by the Andaman Sea and Myanmar on the southwest. The total area of Thailand is 513,115 sq km (198,115 sq mi). Bangkok is the capital and largest city. IILAND AND RESOURCES Thailand lies within the Indochine
  • A civil war
    a civil war A civil war that has raged for seven years in the small West African country of Sierra Leone has turned increasingly brutal. (1, p.1) Rebels are mutilating civilians without much response from the international community. A strong Nigerian contingency has tried to suppress the rebellion, but the rebels continue to cause major trouble in Sierra Leone. The rebels overthrew President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah. However, President Kabbah returned to office on March 10, 1998 to face the task of r
  • Catherin the great
    Catherin the great Catherine the Great: Empress of Russia, (1762-1796) History 120, Section 4 Russell Smith Dr. Homer December 2, 1999 One of the most interesting, hard-working and powerful people to grace the pages of history during the eighteenth century was Catherine II, Empress of Russia. Historians have not always been so kind to her memory, and all too often one reads accounts of her private life, ignoring her many achievements. The stories of her love affairs have been overly misinterpret
  • Congress of vienna
    congress of vienna The Congress of Vienna was an international conference that was called in order to remake Europe after the downfall of Napoleon I. Many territorial decisions had to be made in the conference that was held in Vienna, Austria, from September 1814 to June 1815. The main goal of the conference was to create a balance of power that would preserve the peace. Important People: Though the conference opened with a series of glittery balls and conferences, the delegates soon got down to
  • Louis XIV1
    Louis XIV1 1638–1715, king of France (1643–1715), son and successor of King Louis XIII.   Early Reign After his father’s death his mother, Anne of Austria, was regent for Louis, but the real power was wielded by Anne’s adviser, Cardinal Mazarin. Louis did not take over the government until Mazarin’s death (1661). By then France was economically exhausted by the Thirty Years War, by the Fronde, and by fiscal abuses. But the centralizing policies of Richelieu and Mazarin had prepared the ground fo
  • Nepoleon
    Nepoleon Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica, and was given the name Napoleon Buonaperte. He was the second of eight children of Carlo and Letizia Buonaperte, both of the Corsican-Italian gentry. Before Napoleon, had ever been a professional soldier. His father Carlo, was a lawyer who had fought for Corsican independence. Napoleon, at the age of 16, and joined the artillery as a second lieutenant. I was then where Napoleon found his calling. The rest of his life would be bas
  • Rise of ancient roman Empire
    Rise of ancient roman Empire Rise of the ancient Roman Empire by MARIO Ancient Roman Empire Rome had a war god in its lineage and wolf milk in its belly, implying that its citizens had a knack for warfare, which they would prove again and again. Early in Rome\'s history, the city was conquered by the Etruscans, the most notable civilization in Italy before Rome\'s rise to power. The Etruscans, who would influence Roman civilization, had migrated to Italy from Asia Minor, probably in the 12th cen
  • Summary of the French Revolution
    Summary of the French Revolution France was an absolute monarchy. Louis XIV (1643 – 1715) was the envy of all other rulers in Europe. During his reign he had centralized the government and had encouraged trade and manufacture. His undoing was the long list of over ambitious wars that he had participated in. His successors Louis XV (1715 – 74) and Louis XVI (1774 – 93) also participated in lengthy and costly conflicts. France had suffered defeat in the Seven Years War against Britain (1756 – 63).
  • The Balkan troubles
    The Balkan troubles I. Introduction Print section Balkan Wars, two consecutive wars fought from 1912 to 1913 among the countries of the Balkan Peninsula for possession of European territories held by the Ottoman Empire. The Balkan Wars severely damaged European alliances and helped kindle the volatile conditions that led to the outbreak of World War I (1914-1918). II. Background Print section At the close of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-1878, the Treaty of Berlin, signed on July 13, 1878, provi
  • The French Revolutinary Wars
    The French Revolutinary Wars THE FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY WARS: 1787-1802 The French Revolutionary Wars: 1787-1802, by T. C. W. Blanning, is a super Work of historiography. Far more ambitious than its modest title suggests, it is the history of the French Revolution as well as a military and diplomatic history of Europe from 1787 to 1802. Blanning enriches our understanding of the Revolution by placing it in its European context, by showing how it affected and was affected by France\'s neighbors. He
  • The Influence of Religion on Society
    The Influence of Religion on Society Ever since the dawn of the 16th Century, much of the European countries were controlled or greatly affected by reining religions. Throughout much of history, the dominating Roman Catholic Church was the major cause of battles and wars. This was especially a causing factor of the Thirty-Year’s War in Western Europe. Many rulers used religion as an excuse to disturb the peace and take control of another country. During those times, religions were used as force.
  • Was napoleon good or bad for france and the rest o
    was napoleon good or bad for france and the rest of europe Was Napoleon Good or Bad For France and the Rest of Europe? Napoleon was born on the island of Corsica in 1769; he was the son of a minor noble family. He trained to become an army officer at a French military academy. During the revolution Napoleon rose quickly through the army because many officers fled France. Napoleon did many things during his time; he was a leader, a general, a tyrant, and a reformer. In Paris, Napoleon found that
  • Why Was Operation Barbarosa a Failure
    Why Was Operation Barbarosa a Failure The historical impact of Operation Barbarosa cannot be denied. The Soviet victory over the Nazi German invaders set up the Soviets as a world superpower and set the stage for the Cold War. Had the Germans not attacked, the Russians may not have gained their dominance in Eastern Europe, and the Warsaw Pact may not have ever been. The war effort forced the Soviets to industrialize faster than ever, particularly in Siberia. Additionally, defeating the Nazis let
  • Austria
    Austria Austria History Thousands of years ago, the great valley of the Danube River was an important pathway for the tribes who came to Europe from the east. Settled in prehistoric times, the central European land that is now Austria was overrun in pre-Roman times by various tribes, including the Celts. Traders also came from the north, carrying goods to trade in Rome and Alexandria. The route from the north and the route from the east crossed at a place in the Danube valley in the region now c
  • Cold war1
    cold war1 Cold War My first inclination would be to answer the first question with a clear "YES". But come to think of it, the causes of war really have not changed at all, or at least very little. Rather than changes, there has been a shift in the causes. The cause of war which has dominated the last 50 years was the cause of ideology. However, due to the recent end of the Cold War, this cause of war, has significantly declined and is almost trivial. The causes of war have shifted from mainly i
  • Cuban crisis
    cuban crisis The political world is much like a stew, methinks. It is a conglomeration of what has been, what is, and what is to become. Since the dawning of the atomic age with the World War II invention of atomic/nuclear war capability, however, this stew has taken on a whole new taste, a piquancy that perhaps none of us were -- or ever will be -- truly prepared for in all of its possible mishmash. No longer were the world wars to be merely strategies, complete with trenches, tanks, and troops
  • Democratice partys
    democratice partys Republic (government) (Latin res publica, literally "the public thing"), form of state based on the concept that sovereignty resides in the people, who delegate the power to rule in their behalf to elected representatives and officials. In practice, however, this concept has been variously stretched, distorted, and corrupted, making any precise definition of the term republic difficult. It is important, to begin with, to distinguish between a republic and a democracy. In the t
  • Maya Angelou1
    Maya Angelou1 In 1993, when Bill Clinton decided to invite a poet to read at his first inauguration ceremony  for the first time since John F. Kennedy invited Robert Frost in 1961  he chose fellow Arkansas native Maya Angelou to write a poem celebrating the new beginning of his first presidency. The panoramic piece that Angelou composed, On the Pulse of Morning, reached millions of television viewers. Its popularity proved so great that it was published as a cassette and chapbook in 1993(And
  • Napoleon Boaparte
    Napoleon Boaparte Napoleon, The shortest but the most powerful conqueror in France. Napoleon was a strong and an intelligent conqueror with his ground army. There are many things that happen and that Napoleon did. In the end of the 1760’s there were two people who were named Carlo Bonaparte and Letizia Rmolino Buonaparte who had eight children and which the second child was called Bonaparte. Napoleon Bonaparte was born on August 15, 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica. No one in Napoleon’s Family had ever
  • Napoleon its incomplete right now
    napoleon its incomplete right now There is no doubt that Napoleon’s life left a huge impact on Europe. People have called him “The greatest man of action born in Europe since Julius Caesar”(Winston Churchhill) The campaign of 1812 was more frankly imperialistic than any other of Napoleon\'s wars; it was more directly dictated by the interests of the French upper class. The basic purposes of the war were to subject Russia to the economic interests of the upper class and to create an eternal threa
  • NIXON
    NIXON RICHARD M. NIXON. The first president of the United States to resign from office was Richard M. Nixon. Before his mid-term retirement in 1974, he had been only the second president to face impeachment. In 1968, in a political comeback unprecedented in American history, Nixon was elected the 37th president of the United States. This victory followed two major political defeats. In his first bid for the presidency in 1960, the Democratic candidate, John F. Kennedy, defeated him. Two years la
  • Out there
    Out there Very little is known about prehistoric Cambodia, although archeological evidence has established that prior to 1000 BC Cambodians subsisted on a diet of fish and rice and lived in houses on stilts, as they still do today. From the 1st to the 6th centuries, much of Cambodia belonged to the South-East Asian kingdom of Funan, which played a vital role in developing the political institutions, culture and art of later Khmer states. However, it was the Angkorian era, beginning in the 8th ce
  • Rock and rap censorship
    rock and rap censorship While the censorship of art is not a new phenomenon, recent years have witnessed renewed and intensified attempts to control popular culture. In particular, rap and rock music have come under increasing attack from various sides representing the entire left and right political spectrum, purportedly for their explicit sexual and violent lyrical contents. In this paper is investigated which moral codes underlie these claims against popular music, how social movements mobili
  • Sea Power
    Sea Power INTRODUCTION Among the most significant aspects of twentieth century military affairs has been how naval and land-based air power have transformed maritime operations. Today, much of the maritime arena is controlled, monitored, or exploited by aerospace systems. The capital ships of the modern era are the aircraft carrier and the missile-armed submarine, both weapons of three-dimensional warfare. The world’s sea lanes are monitored by aircraft and helicopters flown from the decks of ai
  • The Influence of Religion on the Society
    The Influence of Religion on the Society Ever since the dawn of the 16th Century, much of the European countries were controlled or greatly affected by reining religions. Throughout much of history, the dominating Roman Catholic Church was the major cause of battles and wars. This was especially a causing factor of the Thirty-Year’s War in Western Europe. Many rulers used religion as an excuse to disturb the peace and take control of another country. During those times, religions were used as fo
  • The Influence of Religion on the Society1
    The Influence of Religion on the Society1 Ever since the dawn of the 16th Century, much of the European countries were controlled or greatly affected by reining religions. Throughout much of history, the dominating Roman Catholic Church was the major cause of battles and wars. This was especially a causing factor of the Thirty-Year’s War in Western Europe. Many rulers used religion as an excuse to disturb the peace and take control of another country. During those times, religions were used as f
  • Turkey
    Turkey Turkey, 65,599,206 population, is a republic in Asia and a small part of southerneastern Europe. It’s lying between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. turkey is mountainous, coastol plain slightly larger than Texas. The weather is hot and dry in the summer with mild wet winters. The people areTurks. They speak the Turkish language, Kurdish and Arabic. The government is republician parliamentary democracy, with a president; chief of state head of government, the prime minister; the c
  • Ww21
    ww21 World War II, global military conflict that, in terms of lives lost and material destruction, was the most devastating war in human history. It began in 1939 as a European conflict between Germany and an Anglo-French coalition but eventually widened to include most of the nations of the world. It ended in 1945, leaving a new world order dominated by the United States and the USSR. More than any previous war, World War II involved the commitment of nations\' entire human and economic resourc
  • Does Rap Music Cause Violence
    Does Rap Music Cause Violence Is Rap Music the Cause of Violence? _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ Since the late 1980\'s rap music has been called the Anti Christ in our culture, because of it\'s so-called influence in people\'s life. People swear up and down that the music is why people, specially the youth resort to violent crimes. I think by saying this they are trying to cover up the real truth by giving simple answers. Rap is d
  • Communist china
    communist china Communism in an Economically Developing China The future of communism in China is unknown, as the world economy becomes more international. Communism has been in China since 1949 and is still present in the country’s activities. Presently China is undergoing incredible economic growth and promises to be a dominant power early in the next century. China’s social tradition has come under heavy pressure from forces of modernization generated in a large part by the sustained contact
  • Russian and CIS interventions
    Russian and CIS interventions Russian and CIS peace enforcement in Tajikistan -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Iver B. Neumann Sergey V. Solodovnik -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Forthcoming in Lena Jonson and Clive Archer (eds.): Russian and CIS Peacekeeping (Westview, 1995). Publication no. 1 - 1995, Centre of Russians Studies. Summary Tajikistan is situated between the five historic empires of As
  • The Clash of Civilizations
    The Clash of Civilizations Samuel P. Huntington\'s The Clash of Civilizations suggests that world politics is entering a new phase. It is his hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in the New World will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. Huntington believes that the great divisions amongst humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be in the cultural form. Nation states will still remain the most powerful actors in world affairs, but the principal conflicts
  • Anaysis of Turkey
    Anaysis of Turkey Analysis of Turkey 1999 Political Stability: (4)***(3) Probably the most unpredictable facet of Turkey at this time. It remains to be seen if the instability will level out and stabilize. A recent election has brought a new president to power Suleyman Demirel. Consequently, the next few months are likely to prove beneficial for political critics in Ankara as well as elsewhere but perhaps less so for those who have been waiting patiently for a strong and decisive government to t
  • The Censorship of Art
    The Censorship of Art The Censorship of Art Things are heating up in America. People are protesting outside of the movie theaters, concerts, and book and record stores of this great nation everywhere. What is all the fuss about? Censorship, Government officials and raving mad protesters alike have been trying to stop the expressive creativity in everything from Marilyn Manson to Mark Twain. One of the biggest shake-ups happened in museums all over the world recently that would have made Michelan
  • Thailand
    Thailand IINTRODUCTION Thailand, formerly Siam, officially Kingdom of Thailand, kingdom in Southeast Asia, bounded by Myanmar (formerly known as Burma) on the north and west, by Laos on the northeast, by Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand (Siam) on the southeast, by Malaysia on the south, and by the Andaman Sea and Myanmar on the southwest. The total area of Thailand is 513,115 sq km (198,115 sq mi). Bangkok is the capital and largest city. IILAND AND RESOURCES Thailand lies within the Indochines
  • Desert Storm
    Desert Storm The Persian Gulf War War was inevitable in the Gulf and it was a war in which Iraq was inevitability to lose. There were several reasons why this was and became a reality. How, when, where did this process of self destruction begin? It was quite evident that Saddam Hussein. the president of Iraq, was becoming a military giant in the Middle East and therefore a threat to the stability of the entire region. His war with Iran was proof of this. The U.S. and other industrialized Wester
  • Domino Theory
    Domino Theory The Domino Theory Here is my report on the Domino Theory The ?Domino Theory? is a complex and interesting theory. It is based on a simple rule of physics. That rule is inertia. Inertia is defined in the dictionary as, ?the tendency of matter to remain at rest or to continue in a fixed direction unless affected by some outside force.?1 This can be seen by making a line of dominoes, one right after the other and pushing the first domino over. The rest of the dominoes will fall over
  • Terms
    terms Summer Assignment Terms 1. Iroquois Confederacy confederation of five indigenous North American peoples, or nations, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca; founded c.1570. 2. Powhatan Confederacy a group of 30 Native American tribes of the Eastern Woodlands. 3. Raleigh, Sir Walter 1554-1618, English soldier, explorer, courtier, and man of letters. He conceived and organized the colonizing expeditions to America that ended tragically with the lost colony on Roanoke Island, VA wit
  • Ireland
    ireland The Great Starvation of Ireland I. The starvation in Ireland: 1845-1852 Over the years, the people of Ireland have suffered many hardships, but none compare to the devastation brought by the Irish potato famine of 1845-1857. A poorly managed nation together with ideally wicked weather conditions brought Ireland to the brink of disaster. It was a combination of social, political and economic factors that pushed it over the edge. After a long wet summer, the potato blight first appeared i
  • Life
    life Deep Play: Notes on the Balinese Cockfight The Raid Early in April of 1958, my wife and I arrived, malarial and diffident, in a Balinese village we intended, as anthropologists, to study. A small place, about five hundred people, and relatively remote, it was its own world. We were intruders, professional ones, and the villagers dealt with us as Balinese seem always to deal with people not part of their life who yet press themselves upon them: as though we were not there. For them, and to
  • Colombia
    colombia Colombia, republic in South America, situated in the northwestern part of the continent, and bounded on the north by Panama and the Caribbean Sea, on the east by Venezuela and Brazil, on the south by Peru and Ecuador, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Colombia is the only country of South America with coasts on both the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. The total land area of the country is 1,141,748 sq km (440,831 sq mi). The capital and largest city is Bogotá. IILAND AND RESOU