National debate over slavery Essay

This essay has a total of 1088 words and 5 pages.

national debate over slavery

National Debate over Slavery
The National Debate over Slavery in 17 -1860 was important. Events from the cotton gin,
to the Dred Scott case all played an important roll in slavery and history. Here are a
couple more.

In June 1776 the Declaration of Independence was signed. It was a statement of reasons for
the separation between Britain. The declaration sited that "all men are created equal." It
meant that people shouldn’t be judged by the color of their skin nor their religion.
Throughout the whole declaration, amendments have been added to make the world more equal.
For example, the fifteenth amendment granted African American males the right to vote, and
then in 1920 the nineteenth amendment granted women the right to vote. African Americans
could not help in the Declaration of Independence.

The three-fifths compromise was at the constitutional convention. It called for three
fifths of a states slave population to be counted for purposes of representation. If
slaves were to be included in a state population count, the southern sates with their many
slaves, would go into great power in the House of Representatives. If they were counted,
southern states would be weak in the house. The African Americans still weren’t allowed to
vote and their interests wouldn’t be represented in congress.

In 1793, Eli Whitney invented the cotton gin. He had noticed how long it took to clean
cotton seeds from the cotton fibers. The cotton gin was a machine that separated the seeds
from raw cotton fibers. Thus the cotton gin helped keep the southern states a land of
slavery and of farming, while the northern states became a land of free labor and of
industry. The development of the cotton mill industry in the north was cheap cotton which
equaled free labor which than equaled a huge profit for the companies.

The Missouri Compromise was signed into law in 1820. It is also called The Compromise of
1820. It had two main points. First one was that slavery would be permitted in Missouri
and at the same time, Maine was carried out of what had been northern Mass, and admitted
to the union as a free, or non-slave state. This arrangement kept the balance in the
senate between slave and free states. Second, congress agreed that as the US expanded
westward state north 36, 30N latitude would be free states.

The Underground Railroad was a network of escape routes that provided protection and
transpiration for slaves flowing north to freedom. Slaves had to travel by foot or wagon
across the Canadian border just to be free or where no slave-hunters could find them.
About 40,000 to 100,000 men, women, and children were rescued. They traveled on dark
nights in the depth of the woods; one true woman by the name of Harriett Tubman rescued
over 300 people. The activities of the Underground Railroad generated a great deal of
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