National Missile Defense Essay

This essay has a total of 2618 words and 13 pages.

National Missile Defense

"Star Wars" was an idea for the future. It was an idea that was set into motion by Ronald
Regan and at the time seemed almost like impossibility. That future is now. Now what
seemed impossible is possible with today's technology and the technology to come in the
upcoming years. George W. Bush is quickly picking up with where Ronald Regan left off.
There is a plan in affect for a Missile Defense System. This system, known to us as The
National Missile Defense System (NMD) will be capable of shooting down ballistic missiles,
that have been launched by another state or actor, that are directed at the United States
or its allies. However, with this plan for NMD that George W. Bush is pushing for, comes
great international hostility. Many of the other states are asking the US to stop this
project. However though this opposition the President is pushing on, not allowing other
counties to compel him to change his mind. The NMD project however controversial it may be
on the national and international scale must go on for the sake of the security of our
nation.

Ever since 1950's the United States has been trying to pursue a ballistic missile system.
In that time with the limited technology that was possessed it was not possible to produce
an effective defense missile system. However now technology is available to give to
several different options to a missile defense. To understand what these options are we
must first understand what missile defense is. Right now the United States is currently
developing several components for a missile defense system. The idea of this system is to
take out in coming ballistic missiles. This system is used to protect the United States
and its allies from ballistic missiles launched by other states or terrorist groups. There
are three types of missile defense that the United States is currently working on to
defend America and its allies. The first of these is a ground-based system. This system is
called the ground-based interceptor. Plans are already in action to have them built in the
North Dakota in Alaska. The National Missile Defense is heading this system up. The
Ground-Based Interceptors', or GBI mission is to intercept incoming ballistic missiles
outside the Earth's atmosphere and destroy them solely by the impact of the missile. The
GBI will carry no explosives on it of any kind. It will take out the ballistic missile
solely by its speed. Ground infrared lasers and space satellites will direct it. The next
idea that has been proposed is a laser system. For this system the government has
contracted a private company called TRW Inc. the goal of this company is to produce a
Tactical High-Energy Laser (THEL). The reason many people think that this will be more
effective in protecting America and its allies is due to its effectiveness against
short-range weapons. Theater threats-short range cruise missiles that do not leave the
earth's atmosphere cannot be shot down by a GBI. However, the THEL can shoot down
short-range weapons as well as medium -range. This was scene in 1996 when a THEL prototype
shot down a short-range rocket in flight on its first try. As well as working on THEL, TRW
Inc. is working with the U.S. Air Force Space and Missile Systems Center in order to
create a satellite laser system. This system will be capable of taking out
intercontinental ballistic missiles. The third option and perhaps the most viable one is
one of a mobile missile defense system. This system will be attached to either submarines
or battleships. The system will be similar to the GBI, however it will be able to shoot
missiles down over international waters before they even approach American soil. One of
the questions on many people's minds now is in light of the events of September 11th what
good it is a missile defense system. Many people longer see the need for any of these
three types of missile defenses.

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War there seems to be no
threat of a massive new nuclear attack against United States or its allies. So the real
question is now why build this defense system. Who are we defending against?

The threat against the United States is no longer a threat from any superpower or any of
the first world nations. The threat of ballistic missiles is now thought to be from the
Third World nations, or "Rouge States." in a statement given by the Deputy Secretary of
Defense, Paul D. Wolffowitz, to the Senate of the Armed Service Committee, he said,
"Imagine, if you will, the following scenario: A rogue state with a vastly inferior
military, but armed with ballistic missiles and weapons of mass destruction, commits an
act of aggression against a neighboring country. As President Bush sends U.S. forces into
theater to respond, the country's genocidal dictator threatens our allies and deployed
forces with ballistic missile attack. Suddenly, almost without warning, missiles rain down
on our troops, and pound into the densely populated residential neighborhoods of allied
capitals. Panic breaks out. Sirens wail, as rescue crews in protective gear race to search
the rubble for bodies and rush the injured to hospitals. Reporters, mumbling through their
gas masks, attempt to describe the destruction, as pictures of the carnage are
instantaneously broadcast across the world. Mr. Chairman, the scene I have described is
not science fiction. It is not a future conflict scenario dreamed up by creative Pentagon
planners. It is a description of events that took place ten years ago - during the Persian
Gulf War." As mentioned earlier the threat is no longer against a superpower or a single
Nation it is against, it is against rouge states or fundamentalist groups. In a speech
given by President Bush to this to the students and faculty at the National Defense
University, he stated, "Unlike the Cold War, today's most urgent threat stems not from
thousands of ballistic missiles in the Soviet hands, but from a small number of missiles
in the hands of these states, states for whom terror and blackmail are a way of life. They
seek weapons of mass destruction to intimidate their neighbors, and to keep the United
States and other responsible nations from helping allies and friends in strategic parts of
the world. Just because on September 11th the terrorist did not use ballistic missiles
does not mean that they will not in the future. By implementing the defense missile system
this is an act of deterrence. The defense missile system is not meant to be hostile at
all. It is meant for the security and defense of our nation and our allies. It is meant as
a defense against fundamentalist groups or rouge states. It is also a defense against
other nations such as China. China may have already 300 nuclear weapons deployed on
intercontinental ballistic missiles. On September 2, 1999 contest fired an
Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles (ICBM) that consisted of a 5,000 mi. range. It is also
working on an ICBM that would be capable of firing 7,500 mi, and being able to be deployed
on a submarine. China has used these ICBMs as leverage in dealing with Taiwan. China is a
friend of United States, but also seen as a potential threat. Russia, another friend but
also seen as a threat, has over 6000 nuclear warheads attached to ICBM, as of July 1999.
This is a real threat that the United States does not want to overlook. The fact that
there are these weapons are in an unstable Russia, America does not want to risk an
accidental fire from them.





Many opponents to missile defense see nothing but trouble ahead. They understand it as a
deterrence however but a threatening deterrence. Countries like Russia, China, and India
see it as a clear violation of the Anti-Ballistic missile Treaty signed in 1972. Russia
has many objections to United States creating a missile defense system. The first of these
is the fact that they do not want another arms race, and neither do we. Secondly, both
China and Russia share this view, is that they do not want missile defense to turn space
into an area up of competition. They have read the articles that have been written by
Space Command. In these articles it speaks of space being the fourth frontier warfare.
China also sees this as an act of aggressive deterrence. They believe that America is just
starting another arms race. This aggressive deterrence, in a way is seen by Russia as a
form of control on the international playing field. It is not only China and Russia that
is opposed to America's missile defense plan; there are also European concerns as well.
Europe is concerned that United States will disregard the comprehensive test ban treaty
kill the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty (ABM). In a way there is some concern; for if the
United States were to continue to pursue a missile defense system the Senate would have to
agree on killing the AMB Treaty. The European nations and other states see this as a major
failure in U.S. foreign policy. The reason for this being, is because if United States
kills the AMB Treaty, then what is to stop other countries, like Russia from creating more
ballistic weapons? There are other arguments as well for the opposition of a NMD system.

Firstly, people have said that it is like "shooting a bullet down with a bullet" This
leads one to believe that it cannot be done. If you can imagine a gun firing a bullet out
of it heading up into the air, than someone else firing a gun into the air trying to hit
the first bullet that just fired than you have just pictured what happens in a
ground-based inception system. That is just one theory opposed against the NMD.

Secondly, many people question the effectiveness of the system. If the system proves to be
ineffective, then the billions of dollars that was spent on it are wasted. These are real
concerns that many people have and in the past may have been worthwhile. For prior to
1999, there have been many failed tests for a NMD system but there have also been some
successful ones according to the Ballistic Missile Defense Organization.

The monetary funding for the Missile Defense Organization is being well used. It is not
going to waste and is proven in the success of the tests that have been conducted. There
are numerous arguments on why the System should be pushed, and will be pushed, despite it
Continues for 7 more pages >>




  • Cuban missile crisis
    cuban missile crisis Many agree that the Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war; but exactly how close did it come? The Crisis was ultimately a showdown between the United States and the Soviet Union from October 16 to October 28, 1962. During those thirteen stressful days, the world’s two biggest superpowers stood on the brink of a nuclear catastrophe. The Crisis started as a result of both the Soviet Union’s fear of losing the arms race, and Cuba’s fear of US i
  • Cuban Missile Crisis The Edge of War
    Cuban Missile Crisis The Edge of War Cuban Missile Crisis John F. Kennedy\'s greatest triumph as President of the United States came in 1962, as the world\'s two largest superpowers, the Soviet Union and the United States, edged closer and closer to nuclear war. The Soviet premier of Russia was caught arming Fidel Castro with nuclear weapons. The confrontation left the world in fear for thirteen long days, with the life of the world on the line. In 1962, Nikita Khrushchev, Premier of the Soviet
  • Jimmy Carter
    Jimmy Carter The President of Peace Jimmy Carter was born October 1, 1924, in the small farming town of Plains, Georgia, and grew up in the nearby community of Archery. His father, James Earl Carter, Sr., was a farmer and businessman; his mother, Lillian Gordy, a registered nurse. He was educated in the Plains public schools, attended Georgia Southwestern College and the Georgia Institute of Technology, and received a Bachelor of Science degree from the United States Naval Academy in 1946. On Ju
  • The Hitchhikers guide to the Galaxy
    The Hitchhikers guide to the Galaxy HHGttG The Hitchhikers guide to the galaxy is a wholly remarkable book. Thought many of the concepts are slightly abstract and obscure, the book itself is a truly great work. The basic idea is that the day we meet our adventurous crew is the single worst Thursday of Arthur Dents life. Sadly, it is not just Arthur who will be having a bad day. You see, it is this Thursday when the earth gets destroyed. Of all the billions of people on the planet, there was on
  • The Hitchickers Guide3
    The Hitchickers Guide3 The Hitchhikers guide to the galaxy is a wholly remarkable book. Thought many of the concepts are slightly abstract and obscure, the book itself is a truly great work. The basic idea is that the day we meet our adventurous crew is the single worst Thursday of Arthur Dents life. Sadly, it is not just Arthur who will be having a bad day. You see, it is this Thursday when the earth gets destroyed. Of all the billions of people on the planet, there was only one who knew what
  • Computer Graphics
    Computer Graphics Computer Graphics Table of Contents Introduction 3 How It Was 3 How It All Began 4 Times Were Changing 6 Industry\'s First Attempts 7 The Second Wave 10 How the Magic is Made 11 Modeling 12 Animation 13 Rendering 13 Conclusion 15 Bibliography 16 Introduction Hollywood has gone digital, and the old ways of doing things are dying. Animation and special effects created with computers have been embraced by television networks, advertisers, and movie studios alike. Film editors, who
  • Hackers
    Hackers Hackers, Good or Evil?? Since the introduction of personal computers in the 1970\'s, the art of computer hacking has grown along with changing roles of computers in society. Computers have taken over our lives. People could not function without them; our electricity is run by computers, the government could not function without computers, and there are many others. Hackers are people who illegally gain access to, and sometimes tamper with, information in a computer system. Due to recent
  • Hackers
    Hackers Hackers, Good or Evil?? Since the introduction of personal computers in the 1970\'s, the art of computer hacking has grown along with changing roles of computers in society. Computers have taken over our lives. People could not function without them; our electricity is run by computers, the government could not function without computers, and there are many others. Hackers are people who illegally gain access to, and sometimes tamper with, information in a computer system. Due to recent
  • Cold war
    Cold war COLD WAR ESSAY The cold war began because of the conflicting ideologies between Soviet Communism and American Capitalism and the misconceptions both countries had about each other. The fact that neither country would reveal anything about them selves added the mystique and created high tensions between countries. Spying was the only way for countries to get a good idea of what the other side was doing and get answers for many previously unanswered questions. Many people had doubts and f
  • Anthrax Vaccination Program
    Anthrax Vaccination Program On May 18, 1998, Secretary of Defense William Cohen approved a plan to vaccinate all U.S. service members for anthrax. This plan has caused a fierce ethical debate over the legitimacy of this vaccination. The Department of Defense claims the vaccination is completely safe and has been in use for decades. Some doctors dispute this claim, and contend the vaccination may not be effective against weapon versions of anthrax. Many service members have refused the vaccinatio
  • Alexander the Great
    Alexander the Great Introduction Alexander III, more commonly known as Alexander the Great, was one of the greatest military leaders in world history. He was born in Pella, Macedonia, then a Greek nation. The exact date of his birth is uncertain, but was probably either July 20 or 26, 356 B.C. Alexander was considered a child from his birth until 341 B.C. His princehood lasted from 340 to 336 B.C. In 336 B.C. Philip II, his father, was assassinated, thus making Alexander king. Alexander became a
  • Nationalism Is The Source Of Conflict Between Pale
    Nationalism Is The Source Of Conflict Between Palestine And Israel Nationalism is the source of the conflict between Israel and Palestine. The conflict has gone on for many years. There is a lot of religious history behind the problems they have had. The Middle East has been affected politically, economically, and socially by these conflicts. Many peace agreements have been signed to solve these conflicts, however the tensions between the two are too great to stop. The history between Israel and
  • Nuclear Arms Control in India and the ABM Treaty
    Nuclear Arms Control in India and the ABM Treaty Nuclear Diplomacy and Arms Control 1. There would be several advantages for the Government of India by adhering to the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). For instance, adhering would ease international pressures spearheaded by the United States, Great Britain, and France. As India is just starting to become a nuclear power of its own, the already nuclear “powers that be” want to use India as an example to the rest of the world. As more
  • Atom bomb
    atom bomb When the atomic bomb went off over Hiroshima on Aug. 6th, 1945, 70,000 lives were ended in a flash. To the American people who were weary from the long and brutal war, such a drastic measure seemed a necessary, even righteous way to end the madness that was World War II. However, the madness had just begun. That August morning was the day that heralded the dawn of the nuclear age, and with it came more than just the loss of lives. According to Archibald MacLeish, a U.S. poet, "What hap
  • Cold War
    Cold War Explain the U.S. & Russian Positions Introduction The Cold War between the superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union was a clash of distant ideologies in a changing world. Friction developed between the two on many occasions as either side tried to expand their spheres of influence in politics, geographical surroundings, and even space. Continued clashes between the US and Soviet Union began to tense their relations during this era as it became evident to all that the cord o
  • Cold War
    Cold War Explain the U.S. & Russian Positions Introduction The Cold War between the superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union was a clash of distant ideologies in a changing world. Friction developed between the two on many occasions as either side tried to expand their spheres of influence in politics, geographical surroundings, and even space. Continued clashes between the US and Soviet Union began to tense their relations during this era as it became evident to all that the cord o
  • Cold War
    Cold War Explain the U.S. & Russian Positions Introduction The Cold War between the superpowers of the United States and the Soviet Union was a clash of distant ideologies in a changing world. Friction developed between the two on many occasions as either side tried to expand their spheres of influence in politics, geographical surroundings, and even space. Continued clashes between the US and Soviet Union began to tense their relations during this era as it became evident to all that the cord o
  • Cuban Missile Crissis
    Cuban Missile Crissis The Cuban Missile Crisis by Tim Seigel History period 7 December 11, 1998 Back in 1962 most people thought there could not be a nuclear war. It was a time occupied by the Cold War. They were wrong. The U.S.A, Soviet Union, and Cuban countries were so close they could feel nuclear war breathing down their necks. The people of the U.S. were so close to being incinerated, and they didn\'t even know it. The Soviets had such a build up of missiles in Cuba they could have wiped-o
  • FitftyFourth Massachusetts
    FitftyFourth Massachusetts The Fifty-fourth Massachusetts was organized in early 1863 by Robert Gould Shaw, twenty-six year old member of a prominent Boston abolitionist family. Shaw had earlier served in the Seventh New York National Guard and the Second Massachusetts Infantry, and was appointed colonel of the Fifty-fourth in February 1863 by Massachusetts governor John A. Andrew. As one of the first black units organized in the northern states, the Fifty-fourth was the object of great interest
  • Iran Contra A
    Iran Contra A The Iran-Contra affair is not one scandalous incident, but rather two covert operations started under Reagan’s administration. In the beginning, these two operations were independent of each other, but eventually became linked though funds received from the sale of arms to Iran for hostages and then given to the Contras fighting to overthrow a Marxist government in Nicaragua. The scandal began with Nicaraguan politics. After the Marxist Sandinista regime took over Nicaragua in 1979
  • JFK History
    JFK History John Fitzgerald Kennedy, was the 35th president of the United States. He was the youngest man and the first Roman Catholic ever elected to the presidency. Rich, handsome, elegant, and articulate, he aroused great admiration at home and abroad. His term of office as president was too short, however, to say what his place in history might have been Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on May 29, 1917. His father, Joseph P. Kennedy was a businessman who became a multimillionair
  • Missile Crisis
    Missile Crisis The Cold War produced many confrontations between the U.S. and the Soviet Union. Korea and Vietnam were confrontations between the superpowers in an indirect way because each was supporting a country. Not until 1962 did they really come face to face with one another. The 1962 Cuban Missile Crises, although over Cuba, pitted the U.S. directly against Russia. The decisions between October 14 and 17, 1962 could easily have started WWIII or everyone’s fear at the time, nuclear war. Bu
  • Second War
    Second War As the second World War was coming to an end, the representatives of some fifty nations met in San Francisco to sign the United Nations Charter in an attempt to unify many countries. The date was June 26 1946, and the countries that signed the charter did so to put themselves in a better position if any conflict were to arise in the future. During the time the charter was drawn and the treaty was signed, April 4 1949, ten countries who had signed the charter were in need of more prote
  • The specter of communism
    the specter of communism In the years following the end of the Cold War, many historians and social scientists have written accounts of what were some of the causes and effects of this period when the threat of war was almost always present. One such person was Melvyn Leffler and his work, The Specter of Communism, which described the origins and conflicts of the Cold War. Out of these accounts several interesting questions come to light about the true nature of the Cold War. One such question t
  • Western Civilization
    Western Civilization Western Civilization Final Exam Tuesday, June 23, 1998 Question: What were the causes of the World War II? Do you believe that the war could have been prevented? Why or Why not? After the fall of the Weimar government, and the rise to power of the National Socialists headed by Adolph Hitler, Germany underwent huge transformations. One of the largest of these was the change in foreign policy. Between the years of 1933 and 1936, while the Nazis began to consolidate their power
  • Alien
    alien Does life outside earth exist? Are UFO\'s really from outer space? Many people in the world today do believe in UFO\'s. "About half of the adult population do believe that UFOs are out there in space"(Ritchie 22). There are basically two sides to the matter. The first is that UFOs are hoaxes and don\'t exist at all, and the other is that they do exist and come from somewhere in outer space. Government cover-ups have been used to keep the secrets of UFOs under wraps throughout history, but
  • CO2 Lasers
    CO2 Lasers Carbon Dioxide Lasers Carbon dioxide lasers are one of the most powerful lasers ever constructed. The word “LASER” stands for Light Amplification by Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Lasers are devices that amplify light and produce light beams, ranging from infrared to ultraviolet. A light beam is consistent when its waves or photons, increase while mixing together. Laser light can be extremely intense, highly directional and very pure in color. Gas lasers such as the carbon dioxide
  • Cuban crisis
    cuban crisis The political world is much like a stew, methinks. It is a conglomeration of what has been, what is, and what is to become. Since the dawning of the atomic age with the World War II invention of atomic/nuclear war capability, however, this stew has taken on a whole new taste, a piquancy that perhaps none of us were -- or ever will be -- truly prepared for in all of its possible mishmash. No longer were the world wars to be merely strategies, complete with trenches, tanks, and troops
  • Cuban Missle Crisis
    Cuban Missle Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis: Conflict between the U.S. and Russia What happened, who caused it, and how it could have been avoided The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. The United States armed forces were at their highest state of readiness and Soviet forces in Cuba were prepared to use nuclear weapons deployed on Cuban beaches to defend the island if it was invaded. However, histories opinion of the conflict is more that of praise and comm
  • DialmerChrysler an overview
    DialmerChrysler an overview Two of the world\'s most profitable car companies - having a strong presence in Europe, North America and Asia, with the enormous potential for even more growth around the globe - together will now rank third in the world in revenues and fifth in vehicle unit sales. Assets being blended include time-honored brands and speed to market, high-technology advances and product innovations in both the North American and European markets. Together, they form a global powerhou
  • Korean war1
    korean war1 The Korean War is often referred to as the forgotten war. There exist no monuments in Washington D.C. to acknowledge the thousands of American soldiers who fought valiantly and died for their country’s political interests. There are no annual parades, and little information in textbooks to shed light on the war. The United States sustained over 140,000 casualties with 33,000 killed in action, yet the U.S. never formally honored its fallen soldiers. The war was another chance to indir
  • Lasers and their applications
    Lasers and their applications Laser is an acronym for light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. In the last century many types of lasers have been used for many different applications from welding to surgery to military and even many uses in every day life by harnessing the principles of light and stimulated emission. To understand how lasers work we must first understand the physics behind light waves. Light is emitted from a source and travels in straight lines and when it strik
  • Operation Desert Storm
    Operation Desert Storm It is hard to pin-point a specific reason for the invasion of Kuwait by the Iraqis. Some charge the British of being unconcerned with middle east traditions when they carved up the present day Arab world (). Others suggest the Kuwaitis flaunted their wealth in the face of many poorer neighbors (). However, others think it was a natural result of Saddam Hussein\'s "bully-like" nature (). Regardless, there are several mishaps that took place between these two nations years p
  • Organized Crime and its Stranglehold on the World
    Organized Crime and its Stranglehold on the World Organized Crime and its Stranglehold on the World Nuclear terrorism against the United States is one of the most likely outcomes of the post-cold war time period. At least according to Americans surveyed it is (United 1). These weapons are now readily available to anyone with enough money to purchase them thanks to the surplus of weapons located in Russia, and the Russian Mafia’s uncanny skills in acquiring these weapons (United 3). How organized
  • Sea Power
    Sea Power INTRODUCTION Among the most significant aspects of twentieth century military affairs has been how naval and land-based air power have transformed maritime operations. Today, much of the maritime arena is controlled, monitored, or exploited by aerospace systems. The capital ships of the modern era are the aircraft carrier and the missile-armed submarine, both weapons of three-dimensional warfare. The world’s sea lanes are monitored by aircraft and helicopters flown from the decks of ai
  • Spanish revolution
    spanish revolution John Fitzgerald Kennedy, was the 35th president of the United States. He was the youngest man and the first Roman Catholic ever elected to the presidency. Rich, handsome, elegant, and articulate, he aroused great admiration at home and abroad. His term of office as president was too short, however, to say what his place in history might have been Kennedy was born in Brookline, Massachusetts, on May 29, 1917. His father, Joseph P. Kennedy was a businessman who became a multimil
  • The Cuban Missile Crisis
    The Cuban Missile Crisis The Cuban Missile Crisis: Conflict between the U.S. and Russia What happened, who caused it, and how it could have been avoided The Cuban Missile Crisis was the closest the world ever came to nuclear war. The United States armed forces were at their highest state of readiness and Soviet forces in Cuba were prepared to use nuclear weapons deployed on Cuban beaches to defend the island if it was invaded. However, histories opinion of the conflict is more that of praise and
  • WwII
    wwII Since the second World War, the thought of nuclear war has been lurking in the heads of government officials. Several steps have been taken to prevent this horrific situation. The debate on nuclear weapons has moved towards strategies of limited nuclear encounters, defense systems, and plans for human survival after a nuclear war. Several negotiations, such as SALT I and SALT II, produced treaties and limited the production of US and USSR missile launchers. After a year of negotiation, Mikh
  • Xwing Allaince
    Xwing Allaince X-WING ALLIANCE - Mission Guide (version 1.15) Written by Tim Wuyts (April 23th - May 5th, 1999) E-mail: tim.wuyts@planetinternet.be The author is also the webmaster of The Cheat Empire: http://home.planetinternet.be/twuyts Where you can always find the latest cheats & walkthroughs for PC Games. For the LATEST VERSION of this Guide, check his website! (Copyright notice at the bottom) ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- TABLE
  • Godzilla vs Mechagodzilla
    Godzilla vs Mechagodzilla Godzilla vs. Mechagodzilla Cinematic scholars have argued for decades over which is this biggest, meanest, and coolest monster of all time. Given the choice of Godzilla or Mechagodzilla: most people would choose the radioactive lizard over the space robot, because Godzilla won against Mechagodzilla. What these people fail to realize is that Godzilla had an unfair advantage in that battle. Both titans fought with all their power and when they reached a stalemate, Godzill
  • Lasers
    lasers The Wonderful World of Lasers Laser stands for Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Lasers work by producing an intense beam of bright light that travels in one direction. The laser has the unique ability to produce one specific color or wavelength of light, which can be varied in its intensity and pulse duration. The newest laser systems have become remarkably precise and selective, allowing treatment results and safety levels not previously available. All lasers
  • The laser beam
    the laser beam Laser stands for Light Amplification by the Stimulated Emission of Radiation. Lasers work by producing an intense beam of bright light that travels in one direction. The laser has the unique ability to produce one specific color or wavelength of light, which can be varied in its intensity and pulse duration. The newest laser systems have become remarkably precise and selective, allowing treatment results and safety levels not previously available. All lasers contain an energized s
  • Backgroud of the United States Budget
    Backgroud of the United States Budget Background of the United States Budget This coming year, in 1999, our Federal Government will spend over .7 trillion. They use this money to support causes that aid to the betterment of society, the health of the people, research for better and new materials, education, and one of the biggest, the military. Each year, by the first Monday if February, the President of the United States presents to Congress the proposed Federal Budget for the next fiscal yea
  • ChinaUS Relations
    ChinaUS Relations Matt Jackson GP 101 Commentary on China China, for most of its 3500 years of history, China led the world in agriculture, crafts, and science. It fell behind in the 19th century when the Industrial Revolution gave the West clear superiority in military and economic affairs. In the first half of the 20th century, China continued to suffer from major famines, civil unrest, military defeat, and foreign occupation. After World War II, the Communists under Mao Tse Tung established a
  • Comvsdem
    comvsdem March 26, 1999 Aaron Cowden Communism vs. Democracy The United States of America is a country that believes in democracy and has unfavorable ties with communist countries. The United States has tried for decades to improve relations with the countries that don’t practice democracy. History shows disagreements between the United States and dictators of these irreverent countries, disagreements that brought the world to the brink of nuclear war. The most recent of these confrontations inv
  • Iraqs problems
    Iraqs problems Annotated Bibliography The topic I choose was Iraq and its past and still ongoing problems with the United Nations. The reason I choose this topic as oppose to another topic is war and the United Nations has always fascinated me. With Saddam Hussein still being stubborn with UN weapons inspectors it was incredibly easy to obtain information regarding this topic. The Los Angles Times; California; Feb 12 2000; The newest article I attained was from the February 12 edition of the Los
  • Lyndon Johnsons Effect of AMerican Foriegn Policy
    Lyndon Johnsons Effect of AMerican Foriegn Policy Towards Isreal The following is a discussion of American foreign policy towards Israel, and the Middle East. In it I will show that Lyndon Johnson changed the regional position and opinion of the United Stated by adapting a pro Israeli stance, categorized by excusing many unadvised forceful actions taken by Israel. It will be shown how Johnson’s response to the outbreak of the 1967 War was the major factor in the change. These changes took the fi
  • Nato
    nato A global war or an intercontinental nuclear exchange is highly unlikely in the current world political climate. But as long as considerable nuclear weapons and long range delivery systems exist in other countries and a developing threat resides with potential adversaries, the possibility of an aerospace attack on North America cannot be discounted. Furthermore, the proliferation of cruise and ballistic missiles, and weapons of mass destruction, has made the post-Cold War world more, rather
  • Nato
    nato A global war or an intercontinental nuclear exchange is highly unlikely in the current world political climate. But as long as considerable nuclear weapons and long range delivery systems exist in other countries and a developing threat resides with potential adversaries, the possibility of an aerospace attack on North America cannot be discounted. Furthermore, the proliferation of cruise and ballistic missiles, and weapons of mass destruction, has made the post-Cold War world more, rather
  • North Korea A Dying Nation With Nuclear Capabiliti
    North Korea A Dying Nation With Nuclear Capabilities United States Dilemma towards North Korea A dying nation with nuclear capabilities The United States has been presented a dilemma towards its foreign policy with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (North Korea). North Korea’s alleged launch of a new Taepo-Dong I missile on August 31, 1998 has heightened American worries and escalated an already tense situation with North Korea. The United States response towards this new missile, which