Nature Term Paper

This essay has a total of 757 words and 4 pages.


nature





There is a big controversy between whether inherited genes or the environment influences
and effects our personality, development, behavior, intelligence and ability. This
controversy is most often recognized as the nature verses nurture conflict. Some people
believe that it is strictly genes that effect our ways of life, others believe that it is
the environment that effects us, and some believe that both of these influence us. Either
way, social scientists have been struggling for centuries deciding whether our
personalities are born or made. Tests are done often on identical twins that were
separated to see how they are influenced. In the past twenty years, it has been discovered
that there is a genetic component to about every human trait and behavior. However,
genetic influence on traits and behavior is partial because genetics account on average
for half of the variation of most traits. Urie Bronfrenbrenner, who studies genetics,
said, "It is not nature vs. nurture, but the interaction of nature and nurture that drives
development." Researchers are finding that the balance between genetic and environmental
influences for certain traits change as people get older. Also, people may react to us in
a certain way because of a genetically influenced personality and, we may choose certain
experiences because they fit best with our instinctive preferences. This means that our
experiences may be influenced by our genetic tendencies. One way researchers study the
development of traits and behaviors is by measuring the influence of genetics through out
ones life span, and it is found to be that the genetic influence on certain trait increase
as people age. A research was done to see whether a trait would show up in a child if it
was environmentally influenced or genetically influenced. A child was given more negative
attention than another was, and it increased the chances of the child having depressive
symptoms and antisocial behavior. But these symptoms disappeared when accounted for
genetic influences and how parents treat their children. There are three types of
gene/environment relations. The first one is called a passive correlation. It is to be
explained as, for example, if a musical ability was genetic, and a child was passed a
musical ability trait, than the child would most likely have musically inclined parents.
Their parents then would provide them with the genes and environment to promote the
development of that ability. The second one is called evocative. This happens when
genetically distinct people evoke different reactions from peers and parents and others.
And the third association is called an active correlation. This is when people actively
select experiences that fit with their genetically influenced preferences. This doesn't
mean that there are no environmental influences on behavior, because, for example, it is
found to be that a loss of a parent during childhood promotes alcoholism in women. It is
shown that genetics play a big role on influences in people and society. Leadership is a
big quality that everyone has and has a wide range of variations. Heritability is what
researchers call 'the degree to which behavioral variations within a population can be
accounted for by genes.' Heritability is what is found to make up a lot of one's
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