Networking Book Report

This essay has a total of 2018 words and 7 pages.

Networking


1 What is Child Abuse? By definition, child abuse is the deliberate and willful injury of
a child by a caretaker hitting, beating with an object, slamming against a wall, even
killing. It involves active, hostile, aggressive treatment. The key word in the definition
of child abuse is deliberate. Why would anyone physically harm a child? The physical
destruction of a child is the extreme reaction of parents to the stress of having
children. Most people are not aware of the fact that deliberately hitting a child is
considered a felony in all fifty states. Abuse of children is more common than most people
realize. At least one out of five adult women and one out of every ten adult men report
having been abused in childhood. Recognizing child abuse in its several forms is a
twentieth century phenomenon. Child abuse is also more likely to be recognized in
economically developed countries than in other parts of the world. Children have been
beaten and abandoned for centuries, based primarily on the belief that children are the
property of their parents. By educating yourself and your children about abuse, you can
help prevent it from happening to your children and better cope with it if it does. (Child
6) There are four different forms of child abuse. They are physical abuse (child beating
and neglect), sexual abuse, incest, and exploitation (such as child pornography). Physical
abuse occurs when a caretaker deliberately beats the child. Some examples of 2 physical
abuse include burning with a cigarette, striking a child, and scalding with hot water.
According to social agencies, beatings of children have been multiplying over the past
twenty-five years or so. The increasing number of reports could mean that in recent years,
social workers, health professionals, and other experts have become better able to
recognize cases of mistreatment. Some 60,000 cases of abuse are reported annually. (Sargo
12) Many battered children must endure a second terrible problem - neglect. Neglect, which
occurs when parents or others who are responsible for a child's welfare fail to provide
for the child's basic needs in any number of ways. Physical neglect occurs when the
caretaker fails to provide adequate food, clothing, or shelter. Physical neglect also
occurs when the person caring for a child refuses to seek health care or delays in doing
so. Other examples are abandoning a child, either permanently or temporarily, and when a
child is kicked out of home or refused to be let back in. There is also educational
neglect when parents do not force their children to attend school. Early civilization
regularly abandoned deformed or surplus children, and ritual sacrifice of the children to
appease the gods took place in Egyptian, Carthaginian, Roman, Greek, and Aztec societies.
(Child 2) Either they do not enroll the child in school at the age required by law, or
they allow their children to be chronically truant from classes. (Gelles 21). 3 Another
form of neglect is emotional neglect, which occurs when parents or guardians behave "in a
way that deeply disturbs a young child." (Sargo 15) Some examples of emotional abuse occur
when parents fight or beat each other in front of a child, when they give a child
permission to use drugs or alcohol or when the parents themselves are under the influence
of drugs or alcohol. Then there is moral neglect, when parents let their children run
loose in the streets at all hours so he or she risks getting in trouble with the law.
Moral neglect also occurs when the parents allow or encourage the child to perform
criminal acts. Of the various types of neglect, physical is said to be the most common.
The DHHS study reports that some 571,600 American children suffer from physical neglect .
Educational neglect is next at just over 292,000 children. Emotional neglect is third with
223,000 victims. (Child 11) Sexual abuse, which is also known as sexual molestation, is
defined as the exploitation of a minor for the sexual gratification of an adult. Sexual
abuse involves forcing, tricking, bribing, threatening or pressuring a child into sexual
awareness or activity. Sexual abuse is an abuse of power over a child and a violation of a
child's right of normal, healthy, trusting relationship. Sexual abuse occurs when an older
child or more knowledgeable child or an adult uses a child for sexual pleasure. The abuse
often begins gradually and increases over time. Its victims range in age from infants to
young people well into their teens. Sexual abuse has many different forms. One form is 4
exhibitionism. This occurs when a person exposes his or herself to a child. Another form
of sexual abuse is when an adult forces a child to perform a sexual act. The American
Humane Association studied reports from child protection agencies across America in 1994
and concluded that some 100,000 American children were abused that year. Sexual abuse is
the least frequently reported type of child abuse. (Faulkner 4) Sex offenders very
cunningly weave the web of abuse and secrecy. The snare is cast ever so slowly under the
guise of a loving relationship. By the time many children realize something is wrong, the
violation has begun, and the stench of the self-deprecation feelings has already emerged
into their terrified reality. The adult who presumes sex on a child is "deceiving" the
child into trusting that it is a okay, "tricking" the child into trusting that it's a love
relationship, and engaging in "illegal criminal" behavior. Children don't always know when
they are being abused; they sometimes don't know what to call it. To add to their
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