New Zealand Essay

This essay has a total of 643 words and 3 pages.

New Zealand

The Polynesian navigator Kupe has been credited with the discovery of New Zealand in 950
AD. He named it Aotearoa (Land of the Long White Cloud). Centuries later, around 1350 AD,
a great migration of people from Kupe's homeland of Hawaiki followed his navigational
instructions and sailed to New Zealand, eventually supplanting or mixing with previous
residents. Their culture, developed over centuries without any discernible outside
influence, was hierarchical and often sanguinary.In 1642, the Dutch explorer Abel Tasman
briefly sailed along the west coast of New Zealand; any thoughts of a longer stay were
thwarted when his attempt to land resulted in several of his crew being killed and eaten.
In 1769, Captain James Cook circumnavigated the two main islands aboard the Endeavour .
Initial contact with the Maoris also proved violent but Cook, impressed with the Maoris'
bravery and spirit and recognising the potential of this newfound land, grabbed it for the
British crown before setting sail for Australia.When the British began their antipodean
colonising, New Zealand was originally seen as an offshoot of Australian enterprise in
whaling and sealing: in fact, from 1839 to 1841 the country was under the jurisdiction of
New South Wales. However, increased European settlement soon proved problematic: a policy
was urgently required regarding land deals between the settlers (Pakeha) and the Maori. In
1840, the Treaty of Waitangi was signed, with the Maori ceding sovereignty of their
country to Britain in exchange for protection and guaranteed possession of their lands.
But relations between the Maori and Pakeha soon soured (the Maoris became increasingly
alarmed at the effect the Pakeha had on their society while the Pakeha rode roughshod over
Maori rights outlined in the treaty). In 1860, war broke out between them, continuing for
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