Term Paper on Nietzsche

This essay has a total of 413 words and 2 pages.


Nietzsche, Friedrich (Wilhelm) (1844-1900), German philosopher, poet, and classical
philologist, who was one of the most provocative and influential thinkers of the 19th
century. "In addition to the influence of Greek culture, particularly the philosophies of
Plato and Aristotle, Nietzsche was influenced by German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer,
by the theory of evolution, and by his friendship with German composer Richard Wagner.
Nietzsche's first major work, Die Geburt der Tragodie aus dem Geiste de Musik (The Birth
of Tragedy), appeared in 1872"(Morrison). His most prolific period as an author was the
1880s."During the decade he wrote Also sprach Zarathustra (Parts I-III, 1883-1884; Part
IV, 1885; translated as Thus Spoke Zarathustra); Jenseits von Gut und Bose (1886; Beyond
Good and Evil); Zur Genealogie de Moral (1887; On the Genealogy of Morals); Der Antichrist
(1888; The Antichrist); and Ecce Homo (completed 1888, published 1908)."(muohio.edu)
Nietzsche's last major work, The Will to Power (Der Wille zur Macht), was published in
1901. According to Nietzsche, the masses (whom he termed the herd or mob) conform to
tradition, whereas his ideal overman is secure, independent, and highly individualistic."
The overman feels deeply, but his passions are rationally controlled. Concentrating on the
real world, rather than on the rewards of the next world promised by religion, the overman
affirms life, including the suffering and pain that accompany human existence. Nietzsche's
overman is a creator of values, a creator of a "master morality" that reflects the
strength and independence of one who is liberated from all values, except those that he
deems valid"(muohio.edu).

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