Nigeria Essay

This essay has a total of 977 words and 7 pages.


Miral Brinjy



Region: Africa
Capital: Abuja

Population: 113,828,587 (July 1999 Estimate)

Area Total: 923,770 km2

Area Land: 910,770 km2

Coastline: 853 km

Climate: Varies; equatorial in south, tropical in center, arid in north

Languages: English (official)

Currency: 1 naira (N$) = 100 kobo

Holiday: Independence Day, 1 October (1960)

Boundaries: Cameroon 1,690 km
Niger 1,497 km
Benin 773 km
Chad 87 km

Ethnic Divisions: Hausa

Religions: Muslim 50 %
Christian 40 %
Indigenous beliefs

Largest Cities: (City population estimated)
Lagos 1,347,000
Ibadan 1,295,000
Kano 699,900
The most populous country in Africa, Nigeria accounts for one quarter of Sub-Saharan
Africa's people. Although fewer than 25 percent of Nigerians are urban dwellers, at least
24 cities have populations of more than 100,000. The dominant ethnic group in the northern
two-thirds of the country is the Hausa-Fulani, most of whom are Muslims. Other major
ethnic groups of the north are the Nupe, Tiv, and Kanuri. The Yoruba people Christian and
half Muslim. The predominately Catholic Igbos are the largest ethnic group in the
southeast, with the Efik, Ibibio, and Ijaw comprising a substantial segment of the
population in that area as well.

There are between 250 to 400 other recognized ethnic groups; many divided into subgroups
of considerable social and political importance. The most important ethnolinguistic
categories are the Hausa and Fulani in the north, the Yoruba in southwest, and the Igbo in
southeast. All of these ethnic groups are further divided on sub-ethnic and clan lines.
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