None Provided22 Book Report

This essay has a total of 1262 words and 6 pages.


None Provided22





Michael Endre Anderson
The Bible

October 10, 2000

1 Samuel 28 Exegesis Paper
The book of 1 Samuel, a part of the Old Testament, sparks the dawn of the United Kingdom
of Israel by telling of its first king, Saul. Samuel is one of the first talked about
pre-literary prophets in the bible perhaps because he anointed the first king of the
United Kingdom. He is a prophet by definition because he possessed the ability to
converse with the almighty Yahweh. Samuel and Saul are key players to the rise of the
kingdom but Saul runs into trouble and disobeys God, which leads him to his own inevitable
demise.

In 1 Samuel 28: 1-25 Yahweh guides Saul to his death because he has outright deceived and
disobeyed God. This passage sets an example to obey Yahweh; otherwise he will inflict
punishment upon the disobedient. It portrays that Yahweh’s love, power, and
covenant should never be taken for granted. Saul is, in essence, a pawn in an overall
lesson and story by God. It is quite possible that the disobedience of God and punishment
inflicted upon him was his very fate that only God could control.

A brief overview: During the time of 1 Samuel 28, there is a major conflict between the
Philistines and the Israelites. The two respective armies meet up for confrontation near
Jerzeel between Shunem (Philistine encampment) and Gilboa (Israelite encampment) (this is
anomalous because in 1 Samuel 29:1 it says that they are still at Apheq and reach Jerzeel
later on stated in verse 29:11). When Saul observed the Philistine army he became
tremendously afraid, assumingly because of their size and superiority in weaponry (Mc
Carter comments on the passage that the Philistines possessed such warring implements as
bronze and iron, which were advanced metals of that time.) So, he tried to consult the
all-powerful Yahweh for guidance and help, but the Lord did not answer him. (The
Israelites did not concern themselves with size because they felt they possessed the
spirit of God through their covenant with Yahweh.) As a result Saul becomes hypocritical
by searching out a medium or necromancer, which is a consulter of the dead. Saul had
previously wiped out all of the mediums and wizards from the land because they were evil
in the eyes of Yahweh. Because of his realized hypocrisy, he disguised himself and
visited the medium his servants had sought out in Endor. He told the medium to call upon
Samuel and so she immediately suspected that he is Saul. She knew that her work was
extremely illegal by Saul’s court, so she became afraid until he reassured her that
he was permitting the act in that occasion. She then called upon Samuel. Samuel
apparently took over the medium’s body or appears in some other way to Saul. So
Saul did what he came there for and asked for advise on his latest predicament. The
irritated and disturbed Samuel explained that Yahweh is taking away his kingdom and giving
it to David because of his disobedience of not carrying out the Lord’s punishment
against the Amalekites (according to Mc Carter the dead had some way of knowing
God’s plans and had access to them). So, Saul fell to the ground in anguish from
the news and lack of energy caused by fasting. The medium quickly attended to him and
forced him to eat. Saul and his servants then left. And there the chapter ends.

Yahweh took the kingdom from Saul because Saul did not carry out Yahweh’s plan of
killing off the Amalekites. Before Saul’s time, during the era of the Passover when
the Jews were wandering in the wilderness, the Amalekites reportedly attacked them from
behind. This angered Yahweh, and to keep the Covenant, Yahweh forced revenge through
Saul’s reign. Saul failed and was punished. God took his kingdom, his army, and
his sons, and eventually his life away as punishment for being disobedient. Yahweh had
given the kingdom to Saul and easily took it from him. This demonstrates God’s
love, but also shows his wrath and power. The apparent lesson to be learned is to never
take advantage of God and his promises or else.

However, without Saul’s disobedience David would never have come about, or at least
not so soon. It seems throughout history that God sends people down the so-called
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