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This essay has a total of 1337 words and 6 pages.


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"'God isn't compatible with machinery and scientific medicine and universal happiness.'"
So says Mustapha Mond, the World Controller for Western Europe in Aldous Huxley's novel
Brave New World. In doing so, he highlights a major theme in this story of a Utopian
society. Although the people in this modernized world enjoy no disease, effects of old
age, war, poverty, social unrest, or any other infirmities or discomforts, Huxley asks 'is
the price they pay really worth the benefits?' This novel shows that when you must give up
religion, high art, true science, and other foundations of modern life in place of a sort
of unending happiness, it is not worth the sacrifice.

True, the citizens of this "brave new world" do enjoy many refinements and benefits to
life. Lenina shows one thing they enjoy when on the reservation she sees an old Indian man
and reacts with, "'What's the matter with him?'… 'He's old, that's all,'… 'But
the Director's old; lots of people are old; they're not like that.'" (Huxley 110)
Evidently Utopia has succeeded in eliminating the effects of old age. Being able to live
one's entire life youthful certainly would be wonderful. It is not a thrilling prospect to
grow weaker with age, gradually having your sense's perceptiveness fade, so most anyone
would prefer this 'unimpaired youth.' There are other things which also make life easier,
pointed out by Mustapha Mond talking to John the Savage, "'But there aren't any wars
nowadays…There's no such thing as a divided allegiance; you're so conditioned that
you can't help doing what you ought to do. And what you ought to do is on the whole so
pleasant, so many of the natural impulses are allowed free play, that there really aren't
any temptations to resist. And if ever, by some unlucky chance, anything unpleasant should
somehow happen, why, there's always soma to give you a

holiday from the facts,'" (Huxley 243, 244). The people are never unhappy, there is
nothing in society to bring about strong emotions, and any desires they have are almost
immediately fulfilled. If anything is wrong, the people can take soma, a drug that makes
you happy and high and has no adverse affects. One might be led to believe that this
society is a perfect place to live, since all the inhabitants are eternally happy. There
are no wars, pain, or suffering, all definite pluses, yet readers must not judge too
quickly.

Everything comes at a price, and the price that is paid for the new order is sadly high,
costing the Utopians the benefits of high art, true religion, real science, and family
life, which all have been removed to promote stability. "'Othello's better than those
feelies.' 'Of course it is…But that's the price we have to pay for stability. You've
got to choose between happiness and what people used to call high art. We've sacrificed
the high art. We have the feelies and the scent organ instead.' 'But they don't mean
anything,'" (Huxley 226) This conversation shows one of the tradeoffs made. Stories like
Othello are inspired by strong emotions, and Utopia has done away with them. Now, there is
nothing to write about, and if something was written along the lines of Othello it might
cause people to think, causing instability. The movies people see are idiotic and
plotless, based solely on sensations. Religion as we know it has been done away with also,
as Mustapha Mond showed by his comments quoted at the beginning of this paper. Religion
usually involves self-denial, and that is contrary to everything the new society is based
on. With instant gratification and life long youth full of youthful distractions for all,
any sort of conventional religion would change all of the people's actions. Following
self-denial and morality, people would be unhappy, and the whole

social structure would collapse. Although science is supposedly glorified, real science
has been done away with, for as Mond points out, "'…all our science is just a
cookery book, with an orthodox theory of cooking that nobody's allowed to question, and a
list of recipes that mustn't be added to except by special permission from the head
cook,'" (Huxley 232). The new world does not want scientific advances, because advances in
science mean changes in society, and thus government. Science also means truths revealed,
and it is better that the people stay ignorant. As long as they remain so, they are happy
with their present lives, not only non-desiring of change, but unaware that the
possibility even exists. The Utopians have also given up family life completely, seen when
Mustapha Mond is talking to a young group of boys, "Mothers and fathers, brothers and
sisters. But there were also husbands, wives, lovers. There were also monogamy and
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