Old Man And The Sea

This essay has a total of 2072 words and 8 pages.

Old Man And The Sea

Old Man and The Sea - Rough Draft



Human beings need to live in a group where everyone respects them and treats them equally.
No human being can live alone isolated from other people because one hand can not clap by
itself. In The Old Man and The Sea, the author uses setting, character and symbolism to
show that people who society perceives as different are usually isolated. Once one is able
to discover the reason of their existence, they are able to accept themselves in order to
fulfill their goals.


Through settings the reader understands that society isolates people who are considered to
be different. The first thing that shows us the isolation of the old man is the picture
that Hemingway has drawn of the old man's shack. He describes it as: "went through its
open door…and in it there was a bed, a table, one chair, and a place on the dirt floor
to cook with charcoal." (p. 15) Also Hemingway shows that Santiago, the old man, feels his
isolation through "Once there had been a tinted photograph of his wife on the wall, but he
had taken it down because it made him to lonely to see it." (p. 16) Everything in the old
man's shack gave a feeling of his loneliness and isolation, such as his one bed, one
table, one chair, and his wife's picture that he did not stand to look at so he took it
down. The open door symbolizes Santiago's mind showing his hope that someone will stop by
his cottage the same day and come in without knocking.

Another incident that shows the isolation of the old man is the Terrance. The Terrance is
a place that shows how other fisherman threat the old man and make him feel as a stranger
among them. The narrator of the novel supports this idea when he says: "They always sat on
the Terrance and many of the fisherman made fun of the old man and he was not angry." (p.
11) The younger fishermen do not want Santiago around them because he is different from
all of them. They always try to make fun of him and make him feel out of place. This
didn't harm Santiago because it didn't break his spirits, but it motivated him to work
harder to prove himself to them.


The setting that Hemingway uses gives the reader a feeling of the pain and alienation of
the old man. At the same time it shows us that if Santiago had never been through this
pain and isolation he would have never decided to go on the journey through the sea He
wanted to prove to everyone that neglected him from society, that he is still able to
reach his goals and he is still strong and active. Even though the younger fishermen made
fun of him, he never got angry. Hemingway said that shows that the old man, in his mind,
knows that he is still a good fisherman regardless to all what they are saying about him.
That is why he worked hard until he discovered himself and let other people see the real
him. Hemingway through the character of the old man shows that people are usually isolated
because they do not fulfill the other people's expectations. Santiago is used to fish
alone in his boat without help from anyone. The narrator describes that the old man is
alone in his boat after the boy has left hi

m: "He was an old man who fished alone in a skiff in the Gulf Stream and he had
eighty-four days now without taking a fish. In the first forty days a boy had been with
him. But after forty-days without a fish the boy's parents had told him that the old man
was now definitely and finally salao, which is the worst form of unlucky, and he boy had
gone at their orders in another boat which caught three good fish the first week." (p. 1)
Also the narrator shows how The Old Man talks to his had in his boat: "how do you feel
hand? He asked the cramped hand…I'll eat some more for you…How does it go, hand? Or is
it too early to know?" (p. 58-59) Even though the old man had taught the boy to fish and
the boy loved him, the boy's parents forced Manolin to leave Santiago to another boat. The
old man in their eyes represented the failure because he wasn't fortunate enough to catch
a fish for 40 days. This shows how people isolated him because he becomes different from,
the other fishermen. The old man feels his loneli

ness and that is why he entertains himself by talking with himself. He encourages himself
to go on and prove that he is still able to catch a fish by talking to himself. He
encourages himself to go on and prove that he is still able to catch a fish by talking
with his cramped hand to ease its pain since no one else is with him to do that.


Santiago believes that old people shouldn't stay alone and he misses the boy a lot.
Whenever his loneliness and isolation grows greater his feelings of needing the boy grows
greater as well. The narrator shows this idea through the words of the old man: "He said
aloud. I wish I had the boy to help me and see this. No one should be alone in their old
age, he thought. But it's unavoidable." (p. 48)

He is an old man who is alone in his boat. From what he wishes, we can notice how does he
feel about his isolation. He said old people should not stay by themselves because they
might need help. He really needs someone to be with that is why he misses the only person
who did not isolate him, the boy. He feels pain because people do not want him anymore but
he says it is "unavoidable", that means no matter what he does it won't change.


The isolated old man feels that people do not want him around, so he chose to go far out
leaving the smell of the land and people behind him. Hemingway describes this through the
old man talking with the fish many times, first: "My choice was to go there to find him
beyond people. Beyond all people in the world. Now we are joined together and heave been
since noon. And no one to help either one of us." (p. 50) Secondly: "Fish, he said softly,
aloud, I'll stay with you until I am dead." (p. 52) The old man doesn't care about the
people who isolated him anymore. That is why he chose to go in his journey throughout the
sea where he met the fish. The fish reminds Santiago of himself, they both are lonely and
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