Essay on Organizational Communication

This essay has a total of 2963 words and 11 pages.

Organizational Communication

Organizational Communication

Organizational Communication is probably the most important type of interpersonal
communication a person has to perform in his or her adult life. Communicating with others
in the work environment is a process that can not be looked at as a small one, but as a
very complex and of utmost significance to a person's life as a whole. We all know
communication is a key factor in everyone's life, and communicating in the work place is
just a larger key for cultural expectance and normalcy. Everyone communicates with each
other in all different aspects of society. When you are younger, school is the main agency
for social communication and in later life it is the job you occupy. It is socially stated
and seen as a norm that in adult life you should have a job for means of survival.
Therefore, another way to put it is the best way to survive in life is to work. Because of
this sociological norm, you must be able to adapt to your job. This is the most important
aspect of the work environment. And the only way to adapt to your surroundings and be able
to participate in everyday work life is to communicate with others.

Organizational Communication is therefore basically broken up into two parts; The
Socialization process of communicating, and the later communication between co-workers in
everyday situations. First and foremost we will look at the more complex and significant
process of communication socialization. Sociologist J. Van Maanen's definition of
organizational communication is "the process by which a person learns the values and norms
and required behaviors which permit him or her to participate as a member of the
organization" In other words, its learning the ropes of the occupation. Not only any skill
you may need, but how co-workers communicate, and understanding the importance of the
organization as well. One thing to understand is socialization in an organization is not a
temporary process that stops after the first few months on the job, but it is fact a
continuos process that will change as the longer a person stays with that organization.
All socialization process are broken up into stages, and organizational socialization is
not any different. Think back to when you were starting a new job and it will be very easy
to see and understand these stages. Remember the first day on a new job, when you probably
didn't know any one, and you didn't know how to act, or what actually must be done or
expected of you. You knew very little if anything about your co-workers, so conversations
must evolve to get to know them.

The initial stage is called pre-arrival or anticipatory socialization, which doesn't rely
too much on communication with others, except for maybe conversing with the employer. Many
times the interview phase of this stage can have a great effect on if the potential
employee will take the job offered. More over, in this stage the person forms expectations
about the job. Basically the potential new employee has to make a decision on what life
would be like on an everyday bases in this organization. Though interpersonal
communication is not largely thrown in the picture, much intrapersonal communication must
take place by the individual. He or she must think and communicate to themselves on if
taking this job will be fulfilling, and if the job is for them. Sociologist J. Porter
explained this stage that if the potential employee does in fact make the decision to
enter the organization that the "organization's socialization process does not construct a
brand new individual so to speak, but rather attempts to reconstruct him" Sometimes in
this stage introductory communication with potential co-workers can effect your decision.
However the socialization process does not really begin into you can interact and
communicate with others that will be in your group. I'm sure everyone remembers this
stage. It's a tough decision to make on whether you want to enter the job. There is not
much to base your expectancies on. Studies have shown, and more over all of you can
understand that if the interview does not go well or you didn't fell comfortable
communicating with the employer, most times you'll think the job is not for you.

But lets move on from that stage into the second one. Let's say you decide to enter the
job and proceed with the socialization process. The second stage is called the encounter
stage, or the breaking in period. This is in most cases the most difficult stage to go
through. This is the stage where you start to understand the attitude, behavior, and
communication type in your work environment. In early Socialization it's very tough to
know what to expect. Go back to remembering that first day on the new job. You don't know
how the people act, or how they communicate with each other. There are many factors to
take into consideration. The only way to learn is time. You not only have to learn how
they communicate in business issues but personal issues as well. Face it, the work place
is a social agent. Work is not always the number one thing on everyone's mind. Social
personal communication behaviors are a very important part of the process of
organizational communication. The major thing in the process is that a basic interest line
is already set in the simple fact that you are co-workers, so you must communicate, and
therefore will have a common issues to communicate about. In early part of this stage you
try to incorporate past job experiences to use as a communication link. That is what you
originally try to base the pattern of communication on. However the change can be
extremely different. An older job may have been very strict in the fact that rules are
set, and a bending of the rules is met with punishment. There may have been very minimal
free time to have personal communication with other co-workers, or perhaps the reverse.
Therefore, learning these new norms and behaviors may be very difficult.

Let's take a look at an example. Let's say Mark's former job was at a little store where
there were only about 30 employees, however there was not to much free time to converse
with any other co-workers. Just a simple conversation about the store. Mark gets the
impression that personal communication is not important in the workplace. Then Mark gets a
new job at a big corporation where there are let's say 5000 people in the building. And oh
lets say 100 people in his department. Do you think it will be easy for Mark to
communicate with his fellow co-workers?

I'm sure some of you went through a similar situation. Personally I know have, so I guess
I actually should of just use the last example in first person then. Anyway, it's simply a
tough thing to do. Well the first thing to do of course is to what Sociologist J. T
Hackman calls normalize the settings. Basically that is to discover what are normal and
abnormal behaviors and communication patterns in the organization. Therefore the new
employee is attempting to cope with the initial state in hope of learning it as a normal
setting in the work environment. The normalizing process is essentially made up of
commutative factors, both verbal and non-verbal. The new employee interprets the
surroundings and the culture of the organization primarily from formal and informal
communication with others. The new employee learns role requirements and less personal and
more business related topics formally usually from a supervisor, and usually the
communication is not in person but more in writing. Therefore informal or unofficial
expectations and conversations are learned primarily from interactions with members of his
immediate work group. It's just like a child in school. You can understand this, you
usually don't act or communicate the same around the boss as you do your co-workers, but
of course there are exceptions. Primarily supervisors or managers are seen as more serious
and business oriented that you learn the expectations from he or she, and learn basic
communication socialization from workers that are on your level. I'm sure everyone went
thew this and can understand it.

There are other types of communication patterns you are socialized to as well.
Communication in meetings is also an important part of communicating in an organization.
Most organizations have meetings to discuss business-related issues that are usually
important. Since this is yet another important and required avenue in a business it is
very important to be able to communicate with others. In this stage of the process when
you attend your first meeting, you usually sit back and feel out how others are
Continues for 6 more pages >>




  • Careers and Colleges
    Careers and Colleges Research Project: Careers and Colleges It is difficult for first time job hunters to have realistic ideas about how to profit from their skills. This is why it is important to investigate what career you may be interested in and what colleges will enable you to excell in that career. The profession that I am interested into going into is an elementary school teacher. Fordham University and New York University are two colleges that offer excellent elementary education program
  • ALCATRAZ ISLAND AND PRISON
    ALCATRAZ ISLAND AND PRISON Alcatraz Island has quite a distinct history. Many people know that Alcatraz served as a federal prison, but most are reluctant to know that this island served as fort. Built before the Civil War, it served two main purposes. First, that it was to guard the San Francisco bay area from enemy ships against a foreign invasion, and second, to hold hostage prisoners of war or POW\'s as they were called. In this report, I\'ll show you how this fortress came to be a federal p
  • Alzheimers Disease
    Alzheimers Disease Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s Disease is a progressive, degenerative disease that attacks the brain and results in impaired memory, thinking and behavior (Internet). It is a degenerative disease affecting nerve cells of the frontal and temporal lobes of the cerebrum of the brain. The disease is the major cause of presenile dementia (i.e., the loss of mental faculties not associated with advanced age) and is thought to be the largest single cause of senile dementia as well (B
  • Dolphins
    Dolphins Some people claim that dolphins and whales communicate in such a way that it is very similar to human speech. An analysis will be coucted to determine if there is more similarity or difference between these animals and humans. Dolphins are aquatic mammals closely related to whales. They aresleek and powerful swimers. They can be found in all seas around the world. It is interesting to point out that they spend about 99% of their time on the water. This affects their consiouness. It mean
  • Anthropology
    Anthropology Anthropology may be dissected into four main perspectives, firstly physical or biological anthropology, which is an area of study concerned with human evolution and human adaptation. Its main components are human paleontology, the study of our fossil records, and human genetics, which examines the ways in which human beings differ from each other. Also adopted are aspects of human ecology, ethnology, demography, nutrition, and environmental physiology. From the physical anthropologi
  • Anthropology
    Anthropology Anthropology may be dissected into four main perspectives, firstly physical or biological anthropology, which is an area of study concerned with human evolution and human adaptation. Its main components are human paleontology, the study of our fossil records, and human genetics, which examines the ways in which human beings differ from each other. Also adopted are aspects of human ecology, ethnology, demography, nutrition, and environmental physiology. From the physical anthropologi
  • Chicken soup for the soul
    chicken soup for the soul Anthropology may be dissected into four main perspectives, firstly physical or biological anthropology, which is an area of study concerned with human evolution and human adaptation. Its main components are human paleontology, the study of our fossil records, and human genetics, which examines the ways in which human beings differ from each other. Also adopted are aspects of human ecology, ethnology, demography, nutrition, and environmental physiology. From the physical
  • The Social Brain
    The Social Brain The Social Brain: Giuliani 2 The ability of humans to learn and retain knowledge is an incredible power source and also a dominant characteristic of the human species. The intricate abilities of the mind allow for humans to learn skills and to have the power to control and dominate the world they live in by means of learned behavior. The two cerebral hemispheres of the left and right specialize in motor and sensory skills which specialize the socialy established beliefs and beha
  • Ceramics
    ceramics Essay on Ceramists Richard Fairbanks, although many times overlooked, was an important American ceramist. He was known as a "loner" and because of this he was never really appreciated for his talent. Fairbanks was greatly influence by his professors. Professor Paul Bonifas, who taught at the University of Washington, was one who left a huge impact on Fairbanks work. Fairbanks created a system of sketching pottery profiles, which stemmed from Bonifas’ teachings, as a mean of "thinking on
  • Ceramics1
    ceramics1 Essay on Ceramists Richard Fairbanks, although many times overlooked, was an important American ceramist. He was known as a "loner" and because of this he was never really appreciated for his talent. Fairbanks was greatly influence by his professors. Professor Paul Bonifas, who taught at the University of Washington, was one who left a huge impact on Fairbanks work. Fairbanks created a system of sketching pottery profiles, which stemmed from Bonifas’ teachings, as a mean of "thinking o
  • Privatization of Airports
    Privatization of Airports For 51 years Bergstrom Air Force Base was home to fighter pilots, bombers, troop carriers and reconnaissance jets. It was the first port of call for President Lyndon B. Johnson on his trips home to LBJ Country aboard Air Force One, it was where Chuck Yeager, the first pilot to break the sound barrier, once brought a disabled jet to rest in an emergency landing. In September 1993, in the path of military cutbacks Bergstrom Air Force Base was closed. But the timing was fo
  • Robert E Lee
    Robert E Lee Robert E. Lee Robert Edward Lee is considered one of the greatest generals in the history of the United States. Lee was opposed to many views of the south, including succession and slavery, yet his loyalty to his native state of Virginia forced him to fight for the south and refuse command of the Union armies during the Civil War. Because of this, he was respected by every man in America including Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant. Robert Edward Lee was born to parents, Henry Lee
  • The Birth of Computer Programming
    The Birth of Computer Programming In a world of men, for men, and made by men, there were a lucky few women who could stand up and be noticed. In the early nineteenth century, Lovelace Augusta Byron King, Countess of Lovelace, made her mark among the world of men that has influenced even today’s world. She was the “Enchantress of Numbers” and the “Mother of Computer Programming.” The world of computers began with the futuristic knowledge of one Charles Babbage and one Lady Lovelace, who appeared
  • 1984 fact or fiction misc 12 00
    1984 fact or fiction misc 12 00 Since the onset of the United States, Americans have always viewed the future in two ways; one, as the perfect society with a perfect government, or two, as a communistic hell where free will no longer exists and no one is happy. The novel 1984 by George Orwell is a combination of both theories. On the "bad" side, a communist state exists which is enforced with surveillance technology and loyal patriots. On the "good" side, however, everyone in the society who was
  • All Quiet On the Western Front Report
    All Quiet On the Western Front Report BARRON\'S BOOK NOTES ERICH MARIA REMARQUE\'S ALL QUIET ON THE WESTERN FRONT ^^^^^^^^^^ERICH MARIA REMARQUE: THE AUTHOR AND HIS TIMES Born Erich Paul Remark on June 22, 1898, he grew up in a Roman Catholic family in Osnabruck in the province of Westphalia, Germany--a city in the northwest part of what is now West Germany. He adored his mother, Anna Maria, but was never close to his father, Peter. The First World War effectively shut him off from his sisters,
  • Book Review of Lincoln on Leadership
    Book Review of Lincoln on Leadership Lincoln on Leadership is one of the most powerful books on leadership that I have read. The most interesting part to me was that Lincoln was a true leader as President and not just an individual who sat back and let others do all the necessary work while he made the pubic appearances. In my studies of history, I have never analyzed any president as a real leader, probably because before this class I assumed that they all were leaders. Now I know they are not.
  • Business and applied statistics research
    business and applied statistics research Table of Contents: Executive Summary 1 Problem/Opportunity 2-4 Objectives/Goals 5 Research Design 5-6 Data Collection 6-9 Data Analysis 9-10 Data Interpretation 10-11 Appendix: Appendix A(College Pro Overview) 12 Figure A(Questionnaire-rough draft) 13 Crosstabulation Table 14 Appendix B(Calculations/Equations) 15-16 Appendix C(Manager Success Model) 17 Figure B(Graphs) 18 References 19 Resume 20 Keeping Quality Under Control A Proposal For xxxxxxxxxx 1999
  • CEO Duality
    CEO Duality October 22,1999 Term Paper Separating the Board Chairperson and Chief Executive Officer: Pro and Con By: Danielle Thomas & Rebecca Hundley I Introduction Numerous reports on corporate governance have emphasised the desirability of increasing the number of outside directors on boards. An equally important and related issue is a growing insistence that the role of chairman and chief executive should be separate, though on this issue there is less unanimity in the U.S. than in other cou
  • Changing Job Roles
    Changing Job Roles Introduction This paper is the result of research into and reflection on the roles carried out by those who are responsible for managing the \'people\' function within organisations. Whether these incumbents are called personnel or HR managers is not necessarily important; it is however critical to give recognition to the complexity of the task that faces those who have to take responsibility for this function. This paper raises two inter-related issues. First, in what sorts o
  • Children and Television Advertising
    Children and Television Advertising Children Interacting with Television Advertising Introduction The following research has sought to understand the influence of television on children over the past twenty years using a variety of social models, from public policy and industry self-regulation, to how children receive and process media messages and the parental responsibility in monitoring what is acceptable for children to view. As a baseline, our research used a model of children interacting w
  • CrossCultural Communication
    CrossCultural Communication 1. Topic The report is about the difficulties based on cultural differences marketers and advertising agents have to deal with when setting up an advertising campaign. 2. Introduction The research report will try to show what are the main problems marketers are confronted with when they set up an advertising campaign for the world markets. It is not the goal of the essay to find new approaches to avoid expensive mistakes connected with the wrong advertising campaign.
  • Employee benefits
    employee benefits Rob Barr Benefits that will come with a job might not make you take the job just because of that. But It could have major influence over your decision. "Flexible scheduling, paid time off, and child care were singled out as key programs that impress job candidates." (http://www.amcity.com/)3 Employee benefits are becoming a major part of what employees are looking for from their companies. And in return companies are looking at their benefit packages trying to trim benefits tha
  • Employee Retention
    Employee Retention In 1999 employee turnover shot to its highest level in nearly two decades. On average, 1.2 % of the workforce left their jobs each month last year. This did not include departures due to layoffs, downsizing, or departures of temporary staff. Job turnover is soaring for a few reasons. One is definitely the strength of the economy. If companies need to find workers they can raise salaries, which increases the likelihood that someone will leave a job for one that pays more. Anoth
  • FROM BRICK AND MORTAR TO CLICK AND MORTAR
    FROM BRICK AND MORTAR TO CLICK AND MORTAR FROM BRICK AND MORTAR TO CLICK AND MORTAR: MAKING THE TRANSITION FROM CONVENTIONAL BUSINESS TO ELECTRONIC COMMERCE FROM BRICK AND MORTAR TO CLICK AND MORTAR: MAKING THE TRANSITION FROM CONVENTIONAL BUSINESS TO E-COMMERCE TABLE OF CONTENTS Summary 1 Making the Transition from Conventional Business to E-Commerce 4 Introduction 4 Background 4 Problem Definition 5 Hypothesis 6 Methodology 6 Research Design 6 Sources of Data 7 Research Results 7 The Question
  • HRIS
    HRIS Is Your Organization Ready to Consider an HRMS? Before you look at acquiring an HRMS, look inside your organization. How intrinsic to your company’s strategic direction is the acquisition of an HRMS? What is the meaning of an HRMS to your executives? Are they convinced of the strategic importance of HR? Or will your executives’ views be limited to an HRMS with only basic record keeping functions (such as demographics data or payroll information)? Your success in obtaining strong executive s
  • Implementing SelfDirected Work Teams
    Implementing SelfDirected Work Teams Implementing Self-Directed Work Teams Self directed work teams are defined as a small number of people with complementary skills, who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals and approach, for which they hold themselves mutually accountable (Katzenbach & Smith, 1993). Collaborative self directed work teams can get complex projects done at faster rates than the traditional boss-worker arrangement, because the decision making process is made faster
  • International competition
    international competition Consumer Behaviour Consumers have so many choices to make compared to ten or even twenty years ago. Today as always, business growth depends heavily on loyal customers who return because they are satisfied with the product and/or service they have received. But first companies have to bring consumers into the stores. The companies bring consumers into the store by marketing their product. The average consumer would probably define marketing as a combination of advertisi
  • Consumers have so many choices to make compared to
    Mr Consumers have so many choices to make compared to ten or even twenty years ago. Today as always, business growth depends heavily on loyal customers who return because they are satisfied with the product and/or service they have received. But first companies have to bring consumers into the stores. The companies bring consumers into the store by marketing their product. The average consumer would probably define marketing as a combination of advertising and selling. It actually includes a goo
  • Consumers have so many choices to make compared to
    Mr Consumers have so many choices to make compared to ten or even twenty years ago. Today as always, business growth depends heavily on loyal customers who return because they are satisfied with the product and/or service they have received. But first companies have to bring consumers into the stores. The companies bring consumers into the store by marketing their product. The average consumer would probably define marketing as a combination of advertising and selling. It actually includes a goo
  • None Provided4
    None Provided4 Sample Work When evaluating the quality of EssayEdge\'s edits, please bear in mind the quality of the original version to understand the dramatic improvement made to the essay. Praise The below edit and critique earned this comment from the customer: I would like to thank you for a job well done! You improved upon these essays immensely. Unedited Version: Unedited version will contain poor writing and uncorrected typos. To view the edited version and critique, please click here. Q
  • Occupational Stress
    Occupational Stress Abstract Job stress can be defined as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources, or needs of the worker. Job stress can lead to poor health and even injury. This paper will discuss the four primary areas from which occupational stress originates. Next, the outcomes of stress will be discussed, followed by an examination of the classifications of stressors. The remainder of the discussion w
  • Oral communication
    oral communication Once viewed as two separate disciplines, business and communication, have now meshed together to produce a hybrid business environment in which the everyday functions of business are intimately tied to communication (Pincus, 1997). Communication in the business world is imperative for success. This holds true for interpersonal communication, communication between management and staff, and for practically every other contact a business has, both within its own establishment and
  • Peoples bank and porters five forces
    peoples bank and porters five forces Introduction People’s Bank is a multi-service financial institution that has grown to have assets reach nearly billion. When it started in 1842, it opened as a general savings bank aimed at the blue-collar worker who wanted to save his/her money. Now People’s offers many services such as mortgage loans, credit cards, checking accounts, and investment advisory and brokerage services. People’s also offers many different ways in which to do your banking whet
  • SelfDirected Work Teams
    SelfDirected Work Teams Self directed work teams are defined as a small number of people with complementary skills, who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals and approach, for which they hold themselves mutually accountable (Katzenbach & Smith, 1993). Collaborative self directed work teams can get complex projects done at faster rates than the traditional boss-worker arrangement, because the decision making process is made faster and more effective in a team. Empowering teams to m
  • What Computer Skills Do Employers Expect From Rece
    What Computer Skills Do Employers Expect From Recent College Graduates What Computer Skills Do Employers Expect From Recent College Graduates? By: Philip Davis, Instructional Technology Librarian Cornell University Ithaca, N.Y. Table of Contents Cornell University 2 Cornell Library Conducts Study 2 Research Methodology 3 A Review of the Results 3 Rankings, Groupings, and Correlations 4 Ranking Computer Skills: 4 Grouping Computer Skills: 4 Other Computer Skills 4 Comments From Employers 5 Variab
  • Ecommerce2
    ecommerce2 Introduction An e-commerce solution for a business is the incorporation of all aspects of the business operation into an electronic format. Many well-established businesses have been selling on-line for years. For example, Dell Computers Corp., has been selling computers directly to end-users for years. Currently, Dell is selling excessive of 1 million dollars worth of computers everyday on the World Wide Web (WWW). When a business has incorporated an e-commerce solution, the business
  • Ecommerce3
    ecommerce3 Introduction An e-commerce solution for a business is the incorporation of all aspects of the business operation into an electronic format. Many well-established businesses have been selling on-line for years. For example, Dell Computers Corp., has been selling computers directly to end-users for years. Currently, Dell is selling excessive of 1 million dollars worth of computers everyday on the World Wide Web (WWW). When a business has incorporated an e-commerce solution, the business
  • Interactive class
    Interactive class How to Go From Class-Room to Web-Room as Painlessly as Possible By Rik Hall, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick 1.0 ABSTRACT Getting your course onto the World Wide Web (WWW) is best done using a systematic approach. There are a number of steps that need to be taken prior to starting any of the actual web work. Meetings should be held with various groups within your institution. Once the actual coursework is begun, there are some essential components and so
  • Planning Information Systems
    Planning Information Systems Planning for Management Information System Planning for Management Information System The biggest challenge and most critical success factor in reengineering projects are persuading the people within the organization to cooperate. When you begin to computerize a legacy system considers the advantages; reduced clerical cost, quicker processing time and improved customer service. Everyone knows that the computer capabilities alone make life a lot easier for all manager
  • Superhighway or Road to Nowhere
    Superhighway or Road to Nowhere ÿ What impact, if any, is the use of computers and other digital technologies having on the learning process of today’s student? To what extent or degree are we as teachers responsible, or should be responsible, for the ‘proper’ integration of technology into our classrooms? Research and inquiry into this realm have proposed both positive and negative aspects to computer versus traditional learning. There are, without question, cultural and educational benefits an
  • Bilingual Education vs English Only
    Bilingual Education vs English Only The Debate Between Bilingual Education and English Immersion Programs Bilingual Education is defined as any school program that uses two languages. In a more theoretical sense it is any educational program whose ultimate goal is for the participants to be fully versed in all facets of both languages (i.e., able to listen, speak , read, and write in both languages). The definition of a coordinated, developmental bilingual approach has emphasized the goal of bei
  • Bilingual Education vs English Only1
    Bilingual Education vs English Only1 The Debate Between Bilingual Education and English Immersion Programs Bilingual Education is defined as any school program that uses two languages. In a more theoretical sense it is any educational program whose ultimate goal is for the participants to be fully versed in all facets of both languages (i.e., able to listen, speak , read, and write in both languages). The definition of a coordinated, developmental bilingual approach has emphasized the goal of be
  • Dream school
    dream school I am going to write my paper on my vision of the perfect school. In describing my dream school I will explain how it will operate, involve special education students and prepare students for life after high school. A strong site based administration is not only my preference, but is also the system that is most effective. I will first identify the individual positions of my dream school and then define their roles. I will call my school Dream High School. Dream High will have a trad
  • Education
    education Both entertainment and education have been integrals parts of the human experience since the beginnings of time. Many scholars insist that the two institutions often serve jointly, with entertainers and entertainment serving as a main source of education. There is little argument, then, that in addition to generally appealing to the masses, entertainers have regularly fulfilled the role of a teacher to typically unsuspecting audiences. Entertainers have served as educators throughout h
  • Flaws in Education
    Flaws in Education Over the years, the educational system in America has improved immensely. Students have evolved from learning the basics of the English language, to having the option to learn another foreign tongue. Also, a greater variety of studies are now available for students learning enjoyment and educational enrichment. Schools across the country all have some kind of curriculum, which is said to offer students, no matter age, race, gender or religion, an equally wholesome education. D
  • Inclusion
    Inclusion Within the past decades and a half considerable discussion has occurred regarding the most appropriate setting within which to provide education for students in special education. Although the change in the educational environment is significant for handicapped student the concepts of inclusion also bring up new issues for the regular education classroom teachers. The movement toward full inclusion of special education students in general education setting has brought special education
  • Inclusion
    Inclusion Within the past decades and a half considerable discussion has occurred regarding the most appropriate setting within which to provide education for students in special education. Although the change in the educational environment is significant for handicapped student the concepts of inclusion also bring up new issues for the regular education classroom teachers. The movement toward full inclusion of special education students in general education setting has brought special education
  • Inclusion
    Inclusion Within the past decades and a half considerable discussion has occurred regarding the most appropriate setting within which to provide education for students in special education. Although the change in the educational environment is significant for handicapped student the concepts of inclusion also bring up new issues for the regular education classroom teachers. The movement toward full inclusion of special education students in general education setting has brought special education
  • Learning Styles and MI
    Learning Styles and MI Learning Styles and Multiple Intelligence’s Throughout our lives, we are faced with many different learning experiences. Some of these experiences have made a better impact than others. We can attribute this to our learning style. A person’s learning style is the method through which they gain information about their environment. Research is going on all over the world to help explain learning styles. As teachers, it is our responsibility to learn about these different lea
  • Multiple Intelligence
    Multiple Intelligence Harold Gardner (1983) of Harvard University has identified several kinds of intelligence people possess. Particularly, this finding poses significant implications in classroom instructions. More often than not, children and even adults (who are grown up children) are labeled negatively if and when they manifest either a very fast, slow or no understanding at the entire subject matter. Identifying children’s various strengths among these intelligences will direct the teacher