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Animal Farm and The Russian Revolution

Minor characters and events of the novel Animal Farm symbolize things that are related to
the history of Russia. Animal Farm is a story on Stalinism and the Russian Revolution. The
characters in Animal Farm all have a part in the Soviet Union meaning the Russian
Revolution. The similarities of Mr. Jones and Czar Nicholas II, the leader previous to
Stalin tie into each other. There was a strike wave go on in Petrograd. Over 300,000
people went through economic crisis. Factories had a lack of fuel and there were power
cuts. The railways were collapsing and there was no meat, and a shortage of flour. Hunger
spread through the country. The bourgeois liberals of the "Progressive Bloc" pleaded with
Tsar Nicholas for reform trying to frighten him with revolution. That revolution broke
into the February Revolution. Farmer Jones came home drunk one night and didn't feed the
animals making it worse than it already was as they were already starving. The animals got
the image of the revolution from Old Major in their heads and attacked. They succeeded and
won the battle against Mr. Jones as they drove him off the farm.

The animals were now free to do what ever they wanted and needed to pick a leader. Out of
all of the animals the pigs were considered to be the most brilliant. The two pigs that
stood out the most were Napoleon and Snowball. Napoleon is not a good speaker, but he can
assert himself. Snowball is a better speaker because he has a lot of ideas. These two pigs
did not get along, much like Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky. The Russian leaders fought
for power and Stalin achieved sole power and Trotsky was exiled. Trotsky escaped Stalin's
dilemmas. Stalin hated his opponent so much that he caused his name to be written simply
"Judas Trotsky." Stalin stole many of Trotsky's ideas and methods.

Eventually Trotsky was expelled from Russia. In the same manner, Snowball and Napoleon
always argued over ideas. Napoleon was already power hungry and

had a plan to get rid of Snowball after the rebellion. In the middle of this all, Snowball
was planning out to build a windmill for power to energize the farm. Napoleon then
directed the dogs he raised since they were puppies on Snowball and chased him off the
farm. Napoleon eliminated his only enemy and was free to control the farm.

The animals began destroying all cruel objects around the farm, and they started to plan
what the project would be. Napoleon brought up the windmill option again, after he refused
it when Snowball was around. Stalin decides to carry out a program of intensive socialist
construction. He pushes financial growth at this point to eliminate competitors within the
party. Stalin recognizes Bukharin and some other party members as the "right-wing
diversity" and used the party organization to remove them from powerful positions. Yet
Stalin also revealed that his policy of building "socialism in one country" was similar to
which Trotsky had originally supported earlier. In other words, Napoleon refused the
windmill idea and wanted no part of, and then when Snowball was gone he was all for
building it, making it the main project on the farm. Stalin's model of a planned economy
supplies no center for communism. Trotsky worked out the First Five-Year Plan for
intensive economic growth. Stalin began to apply this plan. Napoleon had stolen Snowball's

The Sunday morning meetings were unnecessary Napoleon thought, so he wanted to get rid of
those. He figured out that all questions relating to the work of the farm would be

settled by a special committee of the pigs. This is related to Stalin's policy because he
had made a Command Economy, where the government made all economic decisions.

Old Benjamin, is an elderly donkey who over the years has not changed. He does not get too
excited, or too disappointed about anything that has gone on. He symbolizes the older
generation, the opponent of any new rebellion. He's so skeptical that he no longer needs
look at his leader for help, or guidance.

Muriel is also a knowledgeable goat, his purpose on the farm is to read the commandments
for Clover. Muriel represents the minority or working class people who are educated enough
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