Passing of the buff Essay

This essay has a total of 655 words and 4 pages.

passing of the buff

The Passing of the Buff

Kirk Stanley
American History

In the New World, Europeans looked for ways so bring wealth. The source of wealth came
from many different trades, the fishing aspect, oil, gold, slavery, and most of all land.
Coming with the land wild animals that could be hunted, for sport, food, and most
important fur. The fur that came from these animals was largely used in the world for
clothing, leather for protection in the army, and to make the finest clothes from.

The discovery of the buffalo help the fur trade really take off in the 1400. The first
Europeans thought to discover the buffalo were the Portuguese in Africa in 1415. The
buffalo hides were carried home and sold at premium prices all over Europe. The move
westward to North America by the Portuguese found another kind of buffalo. The beast was
an annormous creature weighing over a ton and measuring 12 feet in length. The buffalo
roamed most of the continent of North America at this time. “At about the year 1500, the
buffalo were believed to have numbered more than 70 million individuals and were perhaps
the most numerous, large mammalian species on the planet.” This brought about the great
fur trade in the new world, the English, Spanish, and French sought the fur of the buffalo
and were in heavy competition for the animal.

With the early colonization of the eastern sea board of America nearly wiped out the
eastern buffalo. By 1720, the eastern buffalo consisted of a few small herds that had been
by-passed and over looked in the mountainous areas. “In 1790, according to a New York
Zoological Society report, those hidden in the mountainous region had been reduced to 1
herd numbering 3 to 400 animals”. In 1815, a bull was killed near Charleston, West
Virginia. In 1825, a cow and her calf were killed in the Alleghenies. This was the last of
not only the eastern buffalo but also the buffalo east of the Mississippi River. “ By the
1800’s, according to the assessment of naturalist-writer Ernest Thompson Seton, some 40
million buffalo remained alive in North America, almost all of them west of the
Mississippi Valley”.

The Plains and the wood buffalo were destroyed because of three interlinked motifys. The
first was to destroy the western Indian nations. The Indians of the plains could not live
without the buffalo, they provided food, clothing, and they were very sacred to the Native
Americans of the plains region.

The second reason, because of the profits made from the killings of the buffaloes. The
hides of the buffalo were turned into the finest robes, leather of all kinds, and were
used as belts for many manufacturing machines.
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