Pericope 25 verses Essay

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Pericope 25 verses





Genesis 21: 1-21
1. The Lord took note of Sarah as He had promised, and the LORD did for Sarah as He had
spoken. 2. Sarah conceived and bore a son to Abraham in his old age, at the set time of
which God had spoken. 3. Abraham gave his newborn son, whom Sarah had borne him, the name
of Isaac. 4. And when his son Isaac was eight days old, Abraham circumcised him, as God
had commanded him. .5 Now Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to
him. 6. Sarah said, "God has brought me laughter; everyone who hears will laugh with me."
7. And she added, "Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would suckle children! Yet I
have borne a son in his old age." 8. The child grew up and was weaned, and Abraham held a
great feast on the day that Isaac was weaned. 9. Sarah saw the son whom Hagar the Egyptian
had borne to Abraham playing. 10. She said to Abraham, "Cast our that slave-woman and her
son, for the son of that slave shall not share in the inheritance with my son Isaac. 11.
The matter distressed Abraham greatly, for it concerned a son of his. 12. But God said to
Abraham, "Do not be distressed over the boy or your slave; whatever Sarah tells you, do as
she says, for it is through Isaac that offspring shall be continued for you. 13. As for
the son of the slave-woman, I will make a nation of him, too, for he is your seed." 14.
Early the next morning Abraham took some bread and a skin of water, and gave them to
Hagar. He placed them over her shoulder, together with the child, and sent her away. And
she wandered about in the wilderness of Beer-sheba. 15. When the water was gone from the
skin, she left the child under one of the bushes, 16. and went and sat down at a distance,
a bowshot away; for she thought, "Let me not look on as the child dies." And sitting thus
afar, she burst into tears. 17. God heard the cry of the boy, and an angel of God called
to Hagar from heaven and said to her, "What troubles you, Hagar? Fear not, for God has
heeded the cry of the boy where he is. 18. Come, lift up the boy and hold him by the hand,
for I will make a great nation of him." 19. Then God opened her eyes and she saw a well of
water. She went to drink and filled the skin with water, and let the boy drink. 20. God
was with the boy and he grew up' he dwelt in the wilderness and became a bowman. 21. He
lived in the wilderness of Paran; and his mother got a wife for him from the land of
Egypt. Jewish Publication Society Hebrew-English Tanakh (JPS). (Other versions compared:
The Jerusalem Bible (JB), the Revised English Bible (REB), and the Contemporary English
Version (CEV)


Text Variations
1: With the exception of the JB, which uses the spelling "Sara", all others use "Sarah".
JPS uses "the LORD took note of Sarah", "promised", and "did for Sarah", while the JB
uses "visited", "said", and "spoken". The REB uses, "showed favour", "promised", and
"made good". The CEV uses the simple, "was good to" and "kept his promise". 2: JB uses
Avraham; all others use Abraham. All use "bore a son", except for CEV, which uses "had a
son". Both the JPS and the JB use "at the set time" while the REB uses "at the time
foretold by God", and the CEV uses "exactly at the time God had said". 3: JB uses
Yizhaq; all others use Isaac. JB uses, "called the name of his son that was born to him,
whom Sara had bore to him", while the JPS has, "gave his newborn son, whom Sarah had borne
him, the name of". REB shortens this to, "the son whom Sarah bore to him Abraham named".
CEV simplifies this more to, "Abraham named his son". 4: JB, JPS, and CEV use
"commanded", while REB uses "decreed by". JB uses "being"; all others use "when". 5:
JPS and JB use "born to him"; REB and CEV use "born". 6: JB uses, "has made laughter for
me", JPS uses, "has brought me laughter", CEV uses "has made me laugh" and REV has used
"given me good reason to laugh". 7: REB and JPS both use "would suckle children", while
the JB uses "give children suck" and the CEV uses "have a child". The CEV also uses
"given him", while others use "borne him". 8: CEV says, "the time came when Sarah no
longer had to nurse", while the others use the term "weaned". CEV and JB use the child's
name, while REB says "the boy" and JPS says "the child". 9: (CEV combine verses 9 & 10)
JB uses the term "Mizrian", while the JPS and REB use "Egyptian". CEV fails to denote
origin. JB uses the term "mocking", while the others use "playing". 10: Now, CEV uses
"Egyptian", while the others used it in verse 9. Both JPS and CEV use "slave-woman", JB
uses "bondwoman", and the REB uses "slave-girl". CEV phrases Sarah's words more harshly,
"I don't want him to inherit anything! It should all go to my son!" While the REB, JPS,
and JB interpret Sarah to express vehemently that she doesn't want Isaac to "share" the
inheritance with the other boy. 11: CEV uses "worried", REB uses "very upset", JPS uses
"distressed. . . greatly", and the JB uses "very grievous". 12: JB's very formal passage
has God saying, "Let it not be grievous in thy sight because of thy lad, and because of
thy bondwoman; in all that Sara has said to thee, hearken to her voice; for in Yizhaq
shall thy seed be called." JPS quotes God as saying, "Do not be distressed over the boy
or your slave; whatever Sarah tells you, do as she says, for it is through Isaac that
offspring should be continued (called)". The REB has God saying, "Do not be upset for the
boy and your slave-girl. Do as Sarah says, because it is through Isaac's line that your
name will be perpetuated." CEV says, "don't worry about your slave woman and the boy.
Just do what Sarah tells you. Isaac will inherit your family name." 13: JPS and JB use
the term "seed", CEV uses "descendents" and REB uses "child" all in a slightly different
context. 14. JB uses Be'er-sheva; all others use "Beersheba". REB and CEV both state
that Abraham placed the child on her shoulder; however, the JPS and the JB both state that
Abraham put the food and water on her shoulder, together with the child. 15: Referring to
Ishmael, the CEV stated Hagar "put", the REB uses "thrust", the JB states she "cast", and
the JPS uses "left" The JB uses shrub, rather than the more common "bush"

16: The CEV uses "a long way off" and doesn't use the term "a bowshot distant, as the
others. Also, each bible differs with their terms for crying, weeping, or bursting into
tears. 17: Both the JB and the JPS state that God has heard the boy crying "where he is",
while the CEV does not use the phrase "where he is" and the REB uses "where you laid him".
18: In all texts, first part of sentence minor variations. JB and REB use "make him a
great nation", while JPS says "make a great nation of him", and CEV says "make him the
father of a great nation.". 19: CEV alone omits the phrase, "God opened her eyes". 20:
(CEV combines verses 20 & 21) CEV states "God blessed Ishmael" and uses the term "expert
with his bow and arrows". The other texts state "God was with [Ishmael]. JB and REB use
the terms "became and archer", while JPS uses "bowman". 21: REB and JPS states that "his
mother got a wife for him from", while the CEV states that "his mother chose an Egyptian
woman for him to marry". JB states that "his mother took him a wife out of the land of
Mizrayim."


C. Literary Form: Narrative

D. Summary of Scholarly Commentaries
Genesis, Chapter 21:1-12, is recited on the first day of Rosh Hashanah, the Jewish New
Year (which is why I chose do this particular pericope, or parsha), while Genesis 22 is
read on the second day. Various reasons have been given for the choice of the Torah
reading on this the holy day. The opening sentence, 21:1, "The Lord took note", fits with
the holy day theme of remembrance (sichronot), and that Gen. 22 was chosen because of the
Ram (connecting it with the blowing of the Shofar). However, there may be a relationship
between 21 and 22: both may have been juxtaposed in Torah as initiation rites for Isaac
and Ishmael-similar to Greek traditions.

In this chapter, God fulfils his promise to Sarah, and bestows on her, and Abraham, a
Continues for 5 more pages >>




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