Peter Singer Essay

This essay has a total of 315 words and 2 pages.

Peter Singer

Singer, Peter (1946- ), Australian philosopher and bioethicist. Born in Melbourne,
Australia, Singer studied at the University of Melbourne and at the University of Oxford,
in England. He began his career lecturing ethics at Oxford from 1971 to 1973. He
subsequently worked at various universities in North America and Australia. In 1977 he
became a professor of philosophy at Monash University, in Melbourne. Singer also became
closely associated with the university's Centre for Human Bioethics, which is dedicated to
the study of the moral implications of biomedical discoveries. He served as its director
from 1987 to 1991 and as its deputy director from 1992. In 1999 he became a professor at
Princeton University's Center for Human Values.

Singer is regarded as a rationalist. He supports a philosophical system based on reason
rather than on sentiment, self-interest, or social conditioning. He has taken a preference
utilitarian approach to the ethical issues involved in embryo experimentation, genetic
engineering, surrogate motherhood, abortion, and euthanasia. This approach regards an
action as ethically correct if it satisfies the preference of those affected and has the
best consequences for the greatest number of people. Singer also rejects the idea that
killing is wrong regardless of the circumstances.

Singer has published several books. In Animal Liberation (1975) he proposes that
humanity's domination of animals is morally indefensible. His opposition to the
mistreatment of animals has been influential in stopping some inhumane testing of animals
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