Philosophers Essay

This essay has a total of 726 words and 4 pages.


The ideas that form the basis of the American governmental tradition
have come from a number of different sources including Voltaire, John Locke,
and Montesquieu.
John Locke, was from England. He believed in the Natural Rights of Life,
Liberty and Property for the people. Locke’s idea’s of Natural Rights was
adapted into the U.S. Political Structure through the Bill of Rights ( a formal list of
citizens rights and freedoms ). It says in the First Amendment of the Bill of Rights,
“ Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion or
prohibiting the free exercise, thereof, or the right of the people peaceable to
assemble.”. Which makes John Locke’s idea’s of Natural Rights, true for the USA
John Locke also has ideas of Social Contract, how the government power
comes from the people. This idea of the Social Contract is explained in the
Declaration of Independence ( The document, written by Thomas Jefferson in
1776, in which the delegates of the Continental Congress declared the
Colonies’ independence from Britain ), and it was adapted into the political
structure. It says that “ It is there right, it is there duty, to throw off such
Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security”. This supports
the idea of John Lockes theory of Power comes from the people. That if the law
is bad or disobeyed the people have the right to change it. He also supported
the idea of Right to Revolution, where the government is changed if its not
doing the job. This can also be found and supported in the Declaration of
Independence. In the Declaration it says that “ It is the right of the people to
alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on
such principles and organizing its powers from the consent of the governed”.
That states that it is clear that the idea of Right to Revolution is adapted into the
U.S. political structure. As you can see John Locke has contributed and
influenced greatly to the U.S. with his ideas on Natural Rights, the Social
Contract, and with the Right to Revolution.
Voltaire has his own ideas that help with the U.S. He is from France, and
he believes and supports Religious Freedom. This is stated in the Bill of Rights. It is
stated in the first Amendment of the Bill of Rights that people have the right to
Religious Freedom with some exceptions. This goes to show that Voltaire and his
idea’s of religion are adapted into the U.S. As for Locke, Voltaire has the same
ideas of Natural Rights, as it states in the Bill of Rights that people have the right
to life, liberty and property. This makes Voltaire as well as John Locke a great
contributor to the U.S. through the idea’s of Natural Rights. Voltaire also supports
the idea of Against Government, which is the invasion of individual rights. Like
Religious Freedom and the idea of Natural Rights the idea of Against
Government can also be found in the Bill of rights. Amendment 9 says that,
“The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to
deny or disparage others retained by the people”. Or otherwise said that
Continues for 2 more pages >>