Philosophical And Historical Foundations Of Americ Essay

This essay has a total of 599 words and 3 pages.

Philosophical And Historical Foundations Of American Politics

The Founding Father's views on government were influenced by both the classical republican
and the natural rights philosophers. The two groups of philosophers held very different
views on how a government should run. The classical republicans believed that the
individual should sacrifice his or her personal freedoms in order to gain the greater
good. The natural rights philosophers, on the other hand, held that a person's individual
freedoms out to be preserved at all costs. The two greatest examples of historical
precedent in republican government were the ancient Greek and Roman civilizations, which
both gave the people a great deal of power in the government by allowing them a voice. The
natural rights philosophers favored the Greeks, while most classical republicans admired
the Romans.

The theory of classical republicanism is that the best society is one that promotes the
common good instead of individual interests. One of the ways that this is done is by
limiting individual rights. This idea began in Rome in 509 after King Servius' successor
Tarquin the Proud behaved in such a tyrannical way that the outraged aristocracy ousted
him. In response to the unspeakable treatment, the Romans changed the government's job.
The elite proclaimed themselves the protectors of Rome against tyranny. This mindset
became crucial to the ideology through which they justified their political supremacy.
From this point on, there would be intense suspicion of any individual who tried to turn
popular support into personal power.

Continues for 2 more pages >>