Piaget Theory Essay

This essay has a total of 769 words and 3 pages.

Piaget Theory

a) Describe 2 studies of perceptual development (12 marks). b) Assess the way in which
such studies help to explain the development of perception (12 marks). In the following
essay I intend to describe two studies of perceptual development. I then intend to assess
such studies and how they help to explain the development of perception. By perceptual
development, I mean how animals and humans alike develop their seeing capabilities. This
development of perception could be learnt or innate. By innate, I mean to be born with the
ability. a) Gibson and Walk conducted a study in 1960. The study was investigating Depth
Perception. The study involved a 6-month-old child, 24-hour-old chicks, kids and lambs.
Gibson and Walk used a 'Visual Cliff' to conduct the study. The 'Visual Cliff' was
comprised of 2 floors. On one side there was a check-board pattern, on the other side
there is glass floor. Below the glass floor there was another floor with check-board
pattern. This was placed so that an illusion of a cliff and depth was created. At first
the child was placed and was found to be reluctant to go onto the glass. The child's
reluctance could be seen as even with encouragement from the child's mother, the child
refused to go onto the glass. The study was continued on chicks, kids and lambs. All
subjects studied refused to go onto the glass. Held and Hein conducted a study in 1965.
The study was investigating Depth Perception. The study involved two kittens. The kittens
were kept in the dark for a period of eight weeks since their birth and for three hours
per day they were kept in a 'Kitten Carousel'. The kittens were given appropriate name.
'Passive Kitten' and Active Kitten' were their names. The Active Kitten was given the
ability to move freely at it's own discretion, during the eight weeks. The Passive Kitten
Continues for 2 more pages >>