Piaget Paper

This essay has a total of 966 words and 4 pages.


Piaget





Piaget saw cognitive development as an adaptive process. They gradually learn more about
their environment and adapt. Children go through four stages. The preoperational stage
is the second stage, and children go through this stage between the ages of two to seven.
Children’s representational thought grows in this stage, but they have problems with
logic. The concrete operational stage is the third stage, and children go through this
stage between the ages of seven to 11. Children’s thought is more like an adult,
and they are much more logical.

Preoperational children are unable to conserve. Conservation is the understanding that
even when the outward appearance of an object changes, it does not mean the physical
characteristics have changes. Children have a problem with this because their thinking is
rigid. They can only think of one aspect of a situation at a time, and they focus on the
way things appear at the moment. Concrete operational children usually do not have
problems with conservation because they are more logical.

Piaget developed several conservation tasks for children to prove his theories about
preoperational children and concrete operational children. I performed a few of these
tasks on my six and eleven-year-old brothers. I showed them two identical tall glasses of
water, and I asked them if they had the same amount of water. They both told me that they
did. I then poured the water in one glass into a short, wide glass. The appearance was
changed, and I asked them if the glasses still had the same amount of water. They both
said that they did. I think my six-year-old brother knew because he is almost out of the
preoperational stage, and he is very logical for his age. My eleven-year-old brother knew
because his logic is more like an adult. I then showed them two rows of checkers with the
same amount of checkers in each row. I asked them if there was the same amount of
checkers in each row, and they both said there was. I then spaced the checkers out in the
top row and asked them if there was the same amount of checkers in each row. They both
said there was. I think my six-year-old brother knew there was still the same amount of
checkers in each row because he was able to count the checkers. My eleven-year-old
brother knew because he could count, and his thought is more like an adult.

Reversibility is the ability to go through a series of stages and then go back through the
stages. Preoperational children are unable to do this kind of thinking. They perform
transductive reasoning, which is reasoning from particular to particular. They think more
in terms of cause and effect. Concrete operational children are better at reversible
thinking.

Piaget interviewed children to prove his theories. I asked my little brother a few
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