POPULATION REDISTRIBUTION Essay

This essay has a total of 4051 words and 14 pages.

POPULATION REDISTRIBUTION



Population redistributions based on ethnicity have defused intense rivalries in the recent
past, and could be a solution to the internal ethnic crises for nations such as the former
Yugoslavia. Currently described by the media as "ethnic cleansing", Population
redistributions have been the focus of much controversy throughout U.S. and world history.
To those affected, Population redistributions can be economically and emotionally
devastating. It can also lead to enormous tragedies causing thousands of deaths when
conducted in a brutal manner. The results of various population redistributions are
examined throughout this paper with the focus on the Japanese Internment camps in the U.S.
and the current crises in the former Yugoslavia. There are examples of population
transfers that have taken place in the twentieth century. In 1923, Greece and Turkey
signed the Treaty of Lausanne. The two rival nations agreed to expel 150,000 Greeks living
in Turkey, and 388,000 Turks living in Greece back to their ethnic homelands. Except in
Cyprus where the populations remained mixed. Turkey and Greece have not taken up arms
against each other again. After World War II eight million people of German ethnicity were
expelled from their native communities in Poland and throughout Eastern Europe, due to
agreements made by the Allies at the Potsdam Conference. Hundreds of thousands of Germans
died or were killed during the transfer due to the brutal manner in which it was carried
out. Due to the lack of diversity and conflicting cultures the long-term results of the
population transfer have ended internal ethnic problems in Poland since then. Israel
expelled their own settlers from occupied land (which is currently the new Palestinian
nation) in order to bring about a lasting peace between the two former rivals. After
bombing Pearl Harbor, Hawaii on December 7, 1941, 120,000 Japanese and Japanese-Americans
living in Oregon, Washington, California, and Arizona were relocated. They were forced
from their homes and put in internment camps for their protection from the rage of the
American people and for the sake of national security. Japanese-American internment camps
like all issues involving race or war, raises the question of whether or not it was legal
and ethical to force Japanese-Americans to move homes and livelihoods in early WWII. It is
a difficult and controversial problem. When the decision to relocate thousands of
Japanese-Americans was made; the actions were considered to be constitutionally legal and
seen by many as necessary. It has been argued as to whether or not it was necessary to put
so many innocent people through frustration, suffering, and loss of not only their
property but also their freedom. Even before the onset of war, due to the differences in
their language, culture, communities, customs, and religion, the Japanese living in
America were already alienated from much of society. This made it easier for Americans to
justify to themselves the need for a temporary population redistribution of the
Japanese-Americans. When the bombing of Pearl Harbor occurred, the American people were
afraid of a Japanese attack and of the Japanese living near them on the West Coast. People
believed their Japanese-American neighbors were the enemy. Americans were so enraged at
Japan that they turned their anger towards Japanese-Americans in the forms of protests,
discrimination and violent hatred. The Government, including President Franklin Delano
Roosevelt, were pressured by the restlessness of the people, the threat of a Japanese
attack, the threat of violence between Americans and Japanese-Americans and the lack of
time to take action. Lieutenant General John L. DeWitt was chosen for the job of defending
and protecting the West Coast. He became one of the biggest supporters of relocating the
Japanese. The FBI began investigating and arresting people along the coast who were
suspected of spying for enemy countries. Japanese-Americans were not the only people
suspected of spying. Italians and Germans were also investigated and imprisoned. DeWitt
received reports of acts of disloyalty to the U.S. and sabotage on the part of
Japanese-Americans. He was also inundated with reports of unusual radio activity involving
contact with Japanese vessels, of farmers burning their fields in the shapes of markers to
aid Japanese pilots, and of fisherman monitoring and relaying to Japan the activity of the
U.S. navy. None of these reports were substantiated, however they were still considered a
potential threat. Executive Order 9066, signed by President Roosevelt, gave the military
permission to label land "military areas" and to keep out people who were seen as threats
to national security. DeWitt named the west coast a military area in Proclamation 1 in
March 1942. This gave him the right to remove all those who threatened the safety of the
U.S. from the area. DeWitt believed that even 100 Japanese-Americans who were still loyal
to Japan could compromise the safety of the U.S., therefore he decided that all people of
Japanese ancestry had to be evacuated and placed in temporary relocation camps. He felt as
did many others, that there was not enough time to investigate each individual person. In
the interest of national security, DeWitt made the tough decision to take away the freedom
of 120,000 people. This was entirely legal. Within the Constitution, the War Power Clause
gives congress the right to make any laws required to win a war. The evacuation and
internment of the Japanese was seen as a necessity to national security. The
Japanese-Americans were a potential threat to the country and the war effort. The
relocation of Japanese-Americans may have been legally carried out, but not without
consequence. The Japanese-Americans who were forced to leave their homes lost a great
deal. They were often given notice of the relocation only a few days in advance. They
could only bring with them what they could carry, and they were forced to abandon, give
away or sell their assets at fractions of the actual worth. Before more permanent
facilities could be built, the displaced people had to live in make shift detention areas,
often nothing more than a converted horse stable. The actual relocation camps were an
improvement from the temporary facilities but still far from adequate housing. At the
camps they were forced to live in undesirable conditions where they had little or no
privacy and only the luxuries that they brought with them. Their treatment was harsh and
unethical, but considered a necessary consequence of war. After years of hardship, the
Japanese in the relocation camps were ordered released. The threat of Japanese spies had
passed and it was no longer deemed necessary to detain them. The Japanese-Americans had
little or nothing to return to. Most had lost everything during their internment. Years
later, in 1976, President Gerald R. Ford made Proclamation 4417, which made Executive
Order No. 9066 completely void. The proclamation was also written to admit that the
government had been wrong to treat its citizens with such disrespect. It states that the
Japanese-Americans were extremely loyal and were unfairly suspected. In 1983 the
government decided to give monetary compensation to the internees and to apologize and
make up for their lost possessions and suffering. The Government is given the power to do
what is necessary to win in times of war. This right is guaranteed in the Constitution of
the United States. 'What is necessary to win a war' includes the relocation of anyone
posing a threat to our national security, and the Japanese seen as a threat during the
war. The population redistribution of the Japanese-Americans in WWII, was a temporary
solution to a potential threat to national security and it was a way to protect the
Japanese from fearful and angry American citizens. American history gives an example of
mishandled population redistributions. The atrocities against the American Indians in the
1800's are a brutal example of what can result when population redistributions are poorly
executed. The U.S. relocated Indian tribes to reservations throughout the U.S. The Indians
were forced to leave not only their homes but also their entire way of life behind. This
was the end to years of bloodshed between the cavalry and the Indians. Unfortunately the
Indians were killed nearly to extinction before they were relocated to these reservations.
Did this preserve the lives of the remaining Indians or was it just one final step in
taking the land where the Indians had resided for generations. Recent precedents exist to
endorse the concept of forced Population redistributions to bring about domestic security.
Since 1991, the newly created nations, which constitute the former Yugoslavia, have
repeatedly turned to violence to solve their territorial disputes. Despite the internal
peace that had existed in Yugoslavia during the Cold War, the demise of communism has
awakened long-standing ethnic rivalries. Bosnia was the center of the fighting between the
Serbs, Muslims, and Croats and Kosovo has been the center of fighting between the Serbs
and Ethnic Albanians. Many of these people who were neighbors and lived in the same
communities for decades, now find the thought of reestablishing their ethnically diverse
communities an impossibility after so much bloodshed. Once peace has been established and
the borders have been confirmed in Kosovo and the various regions of Yugoslavia, can an
ethnic population redistribution insure the peace? As it was in the forced relocation of
Japanese-Americans in WWII, the biggest obstacle to involuntary Population redistributions
is the morality of such a program. To force people from the land and communities of their
ancestors in order to procure the possibility of internal stability is an enormous price.
The emotional and psychological toll to these people is likely far more costing than that
which the Japanese-Americans faced. Simply because this has been their homeland for
hundreds of years as opposed to a few generations. Unless such a population transfer is
done under the protection of friendly troops or the United Nations, the results could be
disastrous. Thousands in Bosnia and Kosovo have already died due to the ethnic cleansing
policies of the rival powers. During World War II millions of Jewish people suffered
indescribable torture at the hands of the Germans and millions more lost their lives. At
the end of the war, hundreds of thousands of German civilians lost their lives after being
inhumanly expelled from their homes without adequate food, clothing, transportation, or
protection from vengeful enemies. The forced transfer of the German populations from their
inherent regions were achieved, but at an appalling cost. Proper protection, logistical
support, and assistance in establishing a livelihood are absolutely essential to a
successful population redistribution. A population transfer could bring internal long-term
stability to the regions of the former Yugoslavia, but it is a policy, which must be
thoroughly planned and negotiated prior to being implemented. Maintaining the peace may be
attained through other means without an ethnic redistribution, and this could be the
morally correct decision. The United States has generally been successful with its
"melting pot" society and can be used as an example of different cultures living together
peacefully in the same nation. After peace has been established in the former Yugoslavia,
a discussion about possible population transfers should be conducted at the United Nations
with the rival powers present, so the most humane decision can be made regarding the
citizens. It is impossible to decide for a race of people what their fate shall be and to
remain confident that the decision is morally correct. Redistribution could prevent war
and bloodshed, but it could also wipe out a way of life and in time a race of people. Are
the people still the same people when they have been forced to change their way of life
eventually killing the culture which made them who they were? It comes down to the choice
of allowing the possible death of thousands to war or the possible death of a culture to
forced population redistribution. Population redistribution could be the solution to
lasting peace in nations faced with rivaling cultures due to ethnic diversity, but the
peace would not come without a price. Population redistributions based on ethnicity have
defused intense rivalries in the recent past, and could be a solution to the internal
ethnic crises for nations such as the former Yugoslavia. Currently described by the media
as "ethnic cleansing", Population redistributions have been the focus of much controversy
throughout U.S. and world history. To those affected, Population redistributions can be
economically and emotionally devastating. It can also lead to enormous tragedies causing
thousands of deaths when conducted in a brutal manner. The results of various population
redistributions are examined throughout this paper with the focus on the Japanese
Internment camps in the U.S. and the current crises in the former Yugoslavia. There are
Continues for 7 more pages >>




  • Dorthea Lange
    Dorthea Lange Dorothea LANGE This report is about Dorothea Lange. The main reason I choose her was because, she was a women and I thought I could probable wright better about her for that reason. Dorthea was born in 1895 and died in 1965. Dorthea\'s first photographic job was as a commercial portrait photographer in San Francisco in the 1920\'s. Her first independent work was taking pictures of native American\'s in the southwest with her first husband Maynard Dixon. In the early 1930 Dorthea go
  • Farewell to manzanar
    Farewell to manzanar I decided to read, Farewell to Manzanar by Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston. This book is about the Japanese internment camps that were set up in America during World War II, and how it affected this particular family. It tells the story of the separation of the family members, hardships, and hatred that they had to live with during this time period. It also helps to open our eyes to the irony of the whole situation, and how our government can contradict themse
  • Farewell to Manzanar
    Farewell to Manzanar Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston\'s novel, Farewell to Manzanar (1973), discusses the internment of Japanese-American people in a relocation camp from 1943-1945. The autobiographical work reveals, through the eyes of a Japanese American teenage girl, her inner struggle with her identity as a person of the Japanese race living in California during World War II. The novel explores the issues of gender culture, and race as important ideas that help Jeanne Wakatsuki
  • Stranger From A Different Shore
    Stranger From A Different Shore Struggling Strangers Strangers From A Different Shore by author/professor Ronald Takaki has brought a new perspective of my growing knowledge of the hardships and endless obstacles that Asian-Americans have struggled with through their immigration experience. Immigrants of Asia represent many countries and many different situations that have brought them to this "better" country with hopes for "more opportunities" to succeed. Asian-Americans are those whose roots
  • Farewell to manzanar
    farewell to manzanar In spring of 1942, immediately after the United States entered war with Japan, the Federal government instructed a policy where hundreds of thousands of people of Japanese ancestry were evacuated into relocation camps. Many agree that the United States government was not justified with their treatment towards the Japanese during World War II. This Japanese-American experience of incarceration is believed to be unconstitutional, demonstrating racism and causing social and eco
  • Snow falliing on Cedars
    Snow falliing on Cedars The book Snow Falling on Cedars is about a Japanese man Kabuo Miyanmoto who is on trial for murder. He is accused of murdering a white man, Carl Heine. Much of the story is told through the memories of various characters. It is set in the 1050\'s in Puget Sound on a fictional island called San Piedro. I think Snow Falling on Cedars was an excellent book. I felt that the author was able to present an unbiased view of the internment of Japanese-Americans during WWII. He pre
  • 1940s
    1940s HISTORIC EVENTS The forties are pretty well defined by World War II. US isolationism was shattered by the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. As President Franklin D. Roosevelt guided the country on the homefront, Dwight D. Eisenhower commanded the troops in Europe. Gen. Douglas MacArthur and Adm. Chester Nimitz led them in the Pacific. The discovery of penicillin in 1940 revolutionized medicine. Developed first to help the military personnel survive war wounds, it also helped increase survi
  • Canadian Immigration Policy
    Canadian Immigration Policy The Canadian Immigration Policy and the Racial Discrimination it Induced The laissez faire approach to immigration that Canada had inherited over its lifetime began to fade away in 1884. British Columbia had become very concerned with the number of single male Chinese that had emigrated to the province since the 1860\'s when the American gold fields dried up. Thus, the provincial government took political action over the next year to finally impose a head tax of ,
  • Court Cases
    Court Cases Marbury v Madison Issue: President Adams appointed several Federal Justices as "midnight appointments", President Madison did not want them and witheld their pay, one of the judges brought suit for back pay Decision Against Madison Signifigence: Set up the policy of Judicial Review Dartmouth College v Woodward Issue: New Hampshire was attempting to regulate Dartmouth college who claimed they couldn\'t because they had a royal charter Decision: For Dartmouth Signifigence: Declared the
  • Japanese Internment
    Japanese Internment One of the original arguments for adding a Bill of Rights to the United States Constitution was that it was needed to protect individuals and minority groups from a potential “tyranny of the majority.” Did it work? Well, it depends on your viewpoint. Whether it was the Americans or the African-Americans, the Native Americans, or the Japanese Americans. The Bill of Rights were established to benefit the Americans, and only the Americans. They dealt with individual liberties, a
  • Japanese Internment Camps
    Japanese Internment Camps Japanese Internment in Canada The first recorded Japanese immigration to Canada was in 1877. By 1901 the population grew to 4,138, mostly single men that came to Canada searching for jobs. As the immigration so did the discrimination against the Japanese. In the two following decades following the arrival of the first immigrants, the Japanese in British Columbia who established themselves in mining, railroading, lumbering and fishing faced severe discrimination. Those o
  • Farewell to Manzanar
    Farewell to Manzanar Farewell to Manzanar Jeanne Wakatsuki Houston and James D. Houston\'s novel, Farewell to Manzanar ,discusses the internment of Japanese-American people in a relocation camp from 1943-1945. The autobiographical work reveals, through the eyes of a Japanese American teenage girl, her inner struggle with her identity as a person of the Japanese race living in California during World War II. The novel explores the issues of gender culture, and race as important ideas that help Je
  • Japanese museum
    japanese museum The museum I visited was the Japanese-American National Museum in Little Tokyo. I kind of excited when I visited the Japanese-American National Museum because it was my first time to go to museum. I felt that Japanese-American Museum was really exquisite in its presentation. Overall, this museum was very interesting in the way it presented their respective heritages. When I first arrived near the Japanese-American National Museum, the museum was eye-catching. A new museum that op
  • Justice for All Except Persons of Japanese Descent
    Justice for All Except Persons of Japanese Descent Justice for All (Except Persons of Japanese Descent) America… Land of the free and home of the brave. Land of the free… Land of the free… Funny that the land of the free would steal away the lives of 119,000 individuals simply because they looked different. Nothing like good old irony to bring a country together. During the late 1800’s, there was a large rise in the immigration of Japanese to the U.S, much to the dismay of many American citizens
  • POPULATION REDISTRIBUTION
    POPULATION REDISTRIBUTION Population redistributions based on ethnicity have defused intense rivalries in the recent past, and could be a solution to the internal ethnic crises for nations such as the former Yugoslavia. Currently described by the media as "ethnic cleansing", Population redistributions have been the focus of much controversy throughout U.S. and world history. To those affected, Population redistributions can be economically and emotionally devastating. It can also lead to enormou
  • Racism The Question of Japanese Internment During
    Racism The Question of Japanese Internment During World War Two Britton Calvert Ethnic Am. 2 pm Racism: The Question of Japanese Internment During World War Two During World War Two approximately one hundred and ten thousand Japanese, citizens and aliens, were evacuated, interned and either relocated or imprisoned in desolate camps on the basis of their loyalty to the United States. This was justified as a military necessity because the Japanese were thought to be a threat to the security of the
  • Strangers From A Different Shore
    Strangers From A Different Shore Struggling Strangers Strangers From A Different Shore by author/professor Ronald Takaki has brought a new perspective of my growing knowledge of the hardships and endless obstacles that Asian-Americans have struggled with through their immigration experience. Immigrants of Asia represent many countries and many different situations that have brought them to this "better" country with hopes for "more opportunities" to succeed. Asian-Americans are those whose roots
  • POPULATION REDISTRIBUTION
    POPULATION REDISTRIBUTION Population redistributions based on ethnicity have defused intense rivalries in the recent past, and could be a solution to the internal ethnic crises for nations such as the former Yugoslavia. Currently described by the media as "ethnic cleansing", Population redistributions have been the focus of much controversy throughout U.S. and world history. To those affected, Population redistributions can be economically and emotionally devastating. It can also lead to enormou
  • Reparations Comparison
    Reparations Comparison REPARATIONS COMPARISON Ever since the beginning of time groups of people have been used or persecuted by other groups who believed to be superior. The three groups being discussed in this paper are the Japanese-Americans, who were sent to internment camps during World War II, the European Jews, who were victims of acts of genocide at the hands of the Nazi government in Germany, and the Africans, now African-Americans, who were forced to board ships to America for the purpo
  • JapaneseAmerican During WWII
    japaneseAmerican During WWII Japanese immigrants and the following generations had to endure discrimination, racism, and prejudice from white Americans. They were first viewed as economic competition. The Japanese Americans were then forced into internment camps simply because of the whites fear and paranoia. The Japanese first began to immigrate to the United States in 1868. At first they came in small numbers. US Census records show only 55 in 1870 and 2,039 in 1890. After that, they came in m
  • Japanese camps
    japanese camps Japanese Internment Camps Essay submitted by Unknown On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D.Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which called for the eviction and internment of all Japanese Americans. After Pearl Harbor, all Japanese were looked upon as being capable of sabotage. The interments began in April 1942. The Japanese-Americans were transported on buses and trains to camps in California, Utah, Arizona and other states. They were always under military guard. The Ja
  • The relationship between Social class and family t
    The relationship between Social class and family ties The relationship between social class and family ties has dramatically changed the fabric of family life in the United States in an extremely short period of time. It was less than fifty years ago that you could describe families by race and culture. Today, cultural diversity is rooted itself deeply within all aspects of society and trying to classify our nation by specific social classes is a difficult task. Nevertheless, distinct differenc
  • Assimilation into American Society
    Assimilation into American Society Several years ago, America was taught to be a ‘melting pot,’ a place where immigrants of different cultures or races form an integrated society, but now America is more of a ‘salad bowl’ where instead of forming an incorporated entity the people who make up the bowl are unwilling to unite as one. America started as an immigrant nation and has continued to be so. People all over the world come to America for several reasons. Most people come to America voluntar
  • Farewell to Manzanar
    Farewell to Manzanar Farewell to Manzanar Fighting a war against the oppression and persecution of a people, how hypocritical of the American government to harass and punish those based on their heritage. Magnifying the already existing dilemma of discrimination, the bombing of Pearl Harbor introduced Japanese-Americans to the harsh and unjust treatment they were forced to confront for a lifetime to come. Wakatsuki Ko, after thirty-five years of residence in the United States, was still prevent
  • Farewell to mazanar
    Farewell to mazanar Chapter 1 The Wakatsukis are a Japanese family with ten children, the youngest of who is Jeanne; she is the narrator and author of the story. In December 1941, the Wakatsukis are living near Long Beach, California. Mr. and Mrs. Wakatsuki are immigrants; they have come to the United States from Japan, searching for the American Dream. Jeanne\'s father and brothers man a fishing boat called The Nereid and work for the canneries on the coast. On December 7th, Jeanne stands on s
  • Holocaust
    Holocaust The Holocaust, a word introduced in the 1950s to describe the mass murder of the Jews of Europe by the Nazis during World War II. Before that it was traditionally defined as, by the Encarta English dictionary as 1. complete destruction by fire: complete consumption by fire, especially of a large number of human beings or animals 2. total destruction: wholesale or mass destruction of any kind 3. burnt offering: a sacrifice that is totally consumed by fire. The Holocaust is a chapte
  • Citizen
    Citizen Citizen 13660 The move to the internment camps was a difficult journey for many Japanese-Americans. Many of them were taken from their homes and were allowed only to bring a few belongings. Okubo colorfully illustrates the dramatic adjustment of lifestyle that Japanese-Americans had to make during the war. Authentic sketches accompany each description of the conditions that were faced and hardships that were overcome. The illustrations were drawn at the time each event described through
  • Isabella Bird
    Isabella Bird The visual representation of an enemy during wartime is generally intended for the use of propaganda. Western portrayals of the Japanese during the Second World War are no exception. According to Gilmore, propaganda ...is designed to persuade the target audience to respond to a particular issue or idea either favorably or unfavorably.l In the case of a war the desired response is to produce an effective and productive desire to win. This was achieved in two ways. First, the enem
  • Japanese American Internment Camps
    Japanese American Internment Camps Japanese American Internment Camps Like all issues involving race or war, the question of whether or not it was legal and ethical to make Japanese Americans move to relocation camps in early WWII is a difficult and controversial problem. The internment of around 50,000 Japanese citizens and approximately 70,000 Japanese-American people born in the U.S. living in the American West Coast has become known as a tragedy and mistake. The government even set up numer
  • Japanese Internment
    Japanese Internment Japanese Internment: Will We Ever Know The Truth? Would The Truth Make It Moral? In 1942, 120,000 Japanese-Americans were relocated to areas far from their homes, out of the fear the United States Government held inside their hearts. Japan had just bombed Pearl Harbor. Many of the U.S. seaport areas on the West coast were inhabited by Japanese-Americans. General DeWitt provided a security plan for both United States citizens (Caucasian) and the Japanese-Americans...or so
  • Japanese Internment1
    Japanese Internment1 December 7th, 1941 was a day in history that would be remembered by all. The day that the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor will stay in our minds for as long as we live. After the Japanese had bombed Pearl Harbor the Americans had learned that there was a spy that enabled the Japanese to get such precise targeting on Pearl Harbor and destroy many of the ships. After the report of a spy being in Hawaii the United States decided that they would not take any chances and had made a
  • Justice for All Except Persons of Japanese Descent
    Justice for All Except Persons of Japanese Descent Justice for All (Except Persons of Japanese Descent) America& Land of the free and home of the brave. Land of the free& Land of the free& Funny that the land of the free would steal away the lives of 119,000 individuals simply because they looked different. Nothing like good old irony to bring a country together. During the late 1800s, there was a large rise in the immigration of Japanese to the U.S, much to the dismay of many American citizen
  • Racial Discrimination Against Nonwhites
    Racial Discrimination Against Nonwhites During the time of War World II, many group of nonwhite race faced unfairness in the United States. Among all the minorities that were being discriminated against, the two most well known races were the African American and the Japanese American. They were treated unfairly due to their color and culture. Even though they are two totally distinct groups with different customs and backgrounds, they felt similar the way they were being treated. Both group we
  • Domestic Viloence in Lesbian Relationships
    Domestic Viloence in Lesbian Relationships Domestic Violence in Lesbian Relationships (This was written as the final paper for the class "Dynamics and Impact of Domestic Violence, ALDAC 295" at Bellevue Community College, November 26, 1990.) by NightOwl ©NightOwl 1990 This paper is an attempt to examine domestic violence in lesbian relationships, and the modern response to it, in a social and historical context. I chose to examine domestic violence within lesbian relationships in an attempt to
  • Book Report The Greatest Generation by Tom Brokaw
    Book Report The Greatest Generation by Tom Brokaw Literary Analysis: The Greatest Generation "They came of age during the Great Depression and the Second World War and went on to build modern America; men and women whose everyday lives of duty, honor, achievement, and courage made our nation the greatest on earth." This quote is fittingly descriptive of the achievements and importance the post World War II generation had on us. In Tom Brokaw\'s Book, The Greatest Generation, Brokaw describes in
  • JAPANESE INTERNMENT
    jAPANESE INTERNMENT The Japanese-American Internment in Topaz, Utah For as long as mankind can remember, prejudice in one form or another has always been apparent in the world. For some, it is religion, color, or race. But, during the second world war, prejudices were directed at people whose nationalities werent of native American blood. The Japanese-Americans were exploited and forced into relocation camps during World War II all because the American government thought of them as a threat
  • Musical info
    Musical info In the early 1940’s, there was evidence of Japanese-American loyalty and innocence, but the information was not always well known. This, coupled with the factors of war hysteria led to the legal upholding of concentration camps in Korematsu v. U.S. (1944). The injustice was clouded, most immediately by the war, and indirectly by racism at home. On February 19, 1942, President Franklin D.Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which called for the eviction and internment of all Japan
  • Japanese Internment
    Japanese Internment The Japanese Internment took place between the years of 1941 and 1949. At the time most of the Japanese population was concentrated in the United States on the West Coast of Canada. The Japanese first immigrated to U.S. to work on the railroad in 1900. By 1921 the Japanese population numbered nearly 16,000 people and had possessed nearly half of the fishing licenses in the United States and British Columbia. In 1941, 23,000 Japanese were living throughout the U.S. and Canada
  • Love and color
    Love and color Is love colorblind? Just three decades ago, Thurgood Marshall was only months away from appoint- ment to the Supreme Court when he suffered an indignity that today seems not just outrageous but almost incomprehensible. He and his wife had found their dream house in a Virginia suburb of Washington, D.C., but could not lawfully live together in that state: he was black and she was Asian. Fortunately for the Marshalls, in January 1967 the Supreme Court struck down the anti-interraci
  • Japanese Canadians
    Japanese Canadians Japanese Internment of WW2 \'They spoke of the Japanese Canadians,\'; Escott Reid, a special assistant at External Affairs, would recall, \'in the way that the Nazi\'s would have spoken about Jewish Germans.\'; Just like in that statement, I intend to expose you to the ways that the Japanese were wronged by Canadians throughout the Second World War. As well, I intend to prove what I have stated in my thesis statement: After the bombing of Pearl Harbour, the Japanese in Canada
  • Hitler
    Hitler Racism has been present in our world for more than 3,000 years. Take African-Americans, before the Million Man March, Martin Luther King and the civil rights movement, black people were given less respect than dogs. For the first century of our country¹s existence, blacks were slaves with no rights. Even after the Civil War freed them, there was no equal opportunity and much oppression of them by whites, particularly in the South. They were constant targets of violence and were put to de
  • Immigration descrimination
    immigration descrimination Attention statement: "Give me your tired, your poor, your huddles masses yearning to be free" these are the words that have greeted hundreds of thousands of immigrants coming to our country on the gates of Ellis Island. INTRO America is an idea, a set of beliefs about people and their relationships and the kind of society which holds the best hope of satisfying the needs each of us brings as an individual. For countless immigrants, the struggle to arrive in America was
  • Pearl Harbor
    Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor was one of the most vicious attacks on American soil. The surprise attack by Japan took place on Sunday morning December 7, 1941. Japan wanted to immobilize U.S.\'s Pacific fleet and destroy any chance of a counter strike in from the Pacific. The United States responded by creating Japanese-American Internment Camps, which uprooted tens of thousands of Japanese-American families. And later America decided to use atomic weapons to end the war with Japan. Tension between
  • Ronald Takakis Hiroshima
    Ronald Takakis Hiroshima Although WW II ended over 50 years ago there is still much discussion as to the events which ended the War in the Pacific. The primary event which historians attribute to this end are the use of atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Although the bombing of these cities did force the Japanese to surrender, many people today ask "Was the use of the atomic bomb necessary to end the war?" and more importantly "Why was the decision to use the bomb made?" Ronal
  • Snow Falling On Cedars
    Snow Falling On Cedars Racism is the notion that one\'s own ethnic stock is superior to that of someone else\'s. Most all racism is as result of ignorance. Racism can range from a simple comment to make another human being feel inferior, to complex actions that make others feel unwelcome in society because of who they are. The theme of racism can be seen throughout literature. In the murder mystery novel, Snow Falling on Cedars, by David Guterson, many examples of wartime racism are evident. The
  • Racism: Issue In Institutional Racism
    Racism: Issue In Institutional Racism Racism: Issue In Institutional Racism The history of the United States is one of duality. In the words of the Declaration of Independence, our nation was founded on the principles of equality in life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness. Yet, long before the founders of the newly declared state met in Philadelphia to espouse the virtues of self-determination and freedom that would dubiously provide a basis for a secessionary war, those same virtues were tra
  • Human Inequality
    Human Inequality Nothing in life is guaranteed, but there is one thing that we all expect to receive throughout our lifetime. Every human demands to be treated equally in the same manner as the person next to them. This general consensus of modern day was not the norm throughout the history of America. No matter how much we try not to look back upon our obtuse behavior towards particular ethnic groups, what took place cannot be undone. The only positive effect that can be derived from the past i
  • Racial Profiling
    Racial Profiling Hypothesis/Outline Hypothesis: The events of September 11th has caused racial profiling, a practice that was vilified by many just months ago, to become a common and accepted practice used by the government, airline officials, police agencies, and the American public. Profiling has also become a necessary tool used to prevent further terrorist attacks on the United States. Map of the Territory: I. Racial profiling is the practice of "selecting someone for investigation or strong
  • Correctly Political: A Look Into The Dynamics Of P
    Correctly Political: A Look Into The Dynamics Of Political Correctness Correctly Political: A Look into the Dynamics of Political Correctness Every American probably knows what it means to be politically correct. After all, we hear about it on the news almost every night. We have to be constantly aware of whether or not something we say or do is going to offend someone. This mode of communication is present in every aspect of our lives, from the most formal to the most informal situations. This
  • Internment camp
    internment camp well. I have realize that the people and government that maintain, cleanse, and protect the social fabric of America is a great one. But the social fabric of America is not as clean as we like to think it is. As a matter of fact the fabric has been stain quite a few times actually, and not with the type of stains that can be simply remove. But the kind of stains that take years of steam cleaning and chemical treatment to restore to its original condition. In this case, the stains